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DOI: 10.4230/LIPIcs.FSTTCS.2010.447
URN: urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-28858
URL: http://drops.dagstuhl.de/opus/volltexte/2010/2885/
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Saket, Rishi

Quasi-Random PCP and Hardness of 2-Catalog Segmentation

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Abstract

We study the problem of 2-Catalog Segmentation which is one of the several variants of segmentation problems, introduced by Kleinberg et al., that naturally arise in data mining applications. Formally, given a bipartite graph $G = (U, V, E)$ and parameter $r$, the goal is to output two subsets $V_1, V_2 subseteq V$, each of size $r$, to maximize, $sum_{u \in U} max {|E(u, V_1)|, |E(u, V_2)|},$ where $E(u, V_i)$ is the set of edges between $u$ and the vertices in $V_i$ for $i = 1, 2$. There is a simple 2-approximation for this problem, and stronger approximation factors are known for the special case when $r = |V|/2$. On the other hand, it is known to be NP-hard, and Feige showed a constant factor hardness based on an assumption of average case hardness of random 3SAT. In this paper we show that there is no PTAS for $2$-Catalog Segmentation assuming that NP does not have subexponential time probabilistic algorithms, i.e. NP $\not\subseteq \cap_{\eps > 0}$ BPTIME($2^{n^\eps}$). In order to prove our result we strengthen the analysis of the Quasi-Random PCP of Khot, which we transform into an instance of $2$-Catalog Segmentation. Our improved analysis of the Quasi-Random PCP proves stronger properties of the PCP which might be useful in other applications.

BibTeX - Entry

@InProceedings{saket:LIPIcs:2010:2885,
  author =	{Rishi Saket},
  title =	{{Quasi-Random PCP and Hardness of 2-Catalog Segmentation}},
  booktitle =	{IARCS Annual Conference on Foundations of Software Technology and Theoretical Computer Science (FSTTCS 2010)},
  pages =	{447--458},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-939897-23-1},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2010},
  volume =	{8},
  editor =	{Kamal Lodaya and Meena Mahajan},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl--Leibniz-Zentrum fuer Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{http://drops.dagstuhl.de/opus/volltexte/2010/2885},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-28858},
  doi =		{http://dx.doi.org/10.4230/LIPIcs.FSTTCS.2010.447},
  annote =	{Keywords: Hardness of Approximation, PCPs, Catalog Segmentation}
}

Keywords: Hardness of Approximation, PCPs, Catalog Segmentation
Seminar: IARCS Annual Conference on Foundations of Software Technology and Theoretical Computer Science (FSTTCS 2010)
Issue Date: 2010
Date of publication: 14.12.2010


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