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DOI: 10.4230/LIPIcs.FSTTCS.2014.31
URN: urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-48290
URL: http://drops.dagstuhl.de/opus/volltexte/2014/4829/
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Grohe, Martin

Colour Refinement: A Simple Partitioning Algorithm with Applications From Graph Isomorphism Testing to Machine Learning (Invited Talk)

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Abstract

Colour refinement is a simple algorithm that partitions the vertices of a graph according their "iterated degree sequence." It has very efficient implementations, running in quasilinear time, and a surprisingly wide range of applications. The algorithm has been designed in the context of graph isomorphism testing, and it is used an important subroutine in almost all practical graph isomorphism tools. Somewhat surprisingly, other applications in machine learning, probabilistic inference, and linear programming have surfaced recently. In the first part of my talk, I will introduce the basic algorithm as well as higher dimensional extensions known as the k-dimensional Weisfeiler-Lehman algorithm. I will also discuss an unexpected connection between colour refinement and a natural linear programming approach to graph isomorphism testing. In the second part of my talk, I will discuss various applications of colour refinement.

BibTeX - Entry

@InProceedings{grohe:LIPIcs:2014:4829,
  author =	{Martin Grohe},
  title =	{{Colour Refinement: A Simple Partitioning Algorithm with Applications From Graph Isomorphism Testing to Machine Learning (Invited Talk)}},
  booktitle =	{34th International Conference on Foundation of Software Technology and Theoretical Computer Science (FSTTCS 2014)},
  pages =	{31--31},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-939897-77-4},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2014},
  volume =	{29},
  editor =	{Venkatesh Raman and S. P. Suresh},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl--Leibniz-Zentrum fuer Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{http://drops.dagstuhl.de/opus/volltexte/2014/4829},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-48290},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.FSTTCS.2014.31},
  annote =	{Keywords: Color Refinement, Graph Isomorphism, Machine Learning}
}

Keywords: Color Refinement, Graph Isomorphism, Machine Learning
Seminar: 34th International Conference on Foundation of Software Technology and Theoretical Computer Science (FSTTCS 2014)
Issue Date: 2014
Date of publication: 11.12.2014


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