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DOI: 10.4230/LIPIcs.ICALP.2016.15
URN: urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-62795
URL: http://drops.dagstuhl.de/opus/volltexte/2016/6279/
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Arad, Itai ; Santha, Miklos ; Sundaram, Aarthi ; Zhang, Shengyu

Linear Time Algorithm for Quantum 2SAT

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LIPIcs-ICALP-2016-15.pdf (0.5 MB)


Abstract

A canonical result about satisfiability theory is that the 2-SAT problem can be solved in linear time, despite the NP-hardness of the 3-SAT problem. In the quantum 2-SAT problem, we are given a family of 2-qubit projectors Q_{ij} on a system of n qubits, and the task is to decide whether the Hamiltonian H = sum Q_{ij} has a 0-eigenvalue, or it is larger than 1/n^c for some c = O(1). The problem is not only a natural extension of the classical 2-SAT problem to the quantum case, but is also equivalent to the problem of finding the ground state of 2-local frustration-free Hamiltonians of spin 1/2, a well-studied model believed to capture certain key properties in modern condensed matter physics. While Bravyi has shown that the quantum 2-SAT problem has a classical polynomial-time algorithm, the running time of his algorithm is O(n^4). In this paper we give a classical algorithm with linear running time in the number of local projectors, therefore achieving the best possible complexity.

BibTeX - Entry

@InProceedings{arad_et_al:LIPIcs:2016:6279,
  author =	{Itai Arad and Miklos Santha and Aarthi Sundaram and Shengyu Zhang},
  title =	{{Linear Time Algorithm for Quantum 2SAT}},
  booktitle =	{43rd International Colloquium on Automata, Languages, and Programming (ICALP 2016)},
  pages =	{15:1--15:14},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-013-2},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2016},
  volume =	{55},
  editor =	{Ioannis Chatzigiannakis and Michael Mitzenmacher and Yuval Rabani and Davide Sangiorgi},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl--Leibniz-Zentrum fuer Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{http://drops.dagstuhl.de/opus/volltexte/2016/6279},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-62795},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.ICALP.2016.15},
  annote =	{Keywords: Quantum SAT, Davis-Putnam Procedure, Linear Time Algorithm}
}

Keywords: Quantum SAT, Davis-Putnam Procedure, Linear Time Algorithm
Seminar: 43rd International Colloquium on Automata, Languages, and Programming (ICALP 2016)
Issue Date: 2016
Date of publication: 17.08.2016


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