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DOI: 10.4230/LIPIcs.SoCG.2018.36
URN: urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-87498
URL: http://drops.dagstuhl.de/opus/volltexte/2018/8749/
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Elkin, Michael ; Neiman, Ofer

Near Isometric Terminal Embeddings for Doubling Metrics

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LIPIcs-SoCG-2018-36.pdf (0.5 MB)


Abstract

Given a metric space (X,d), a set of terminals K subseteq X, and a parameter t >= 1, we consider metric structures (e.g., spanners, distance oracles, embedding into normed spaces) that preserve distances for all pairs in K x X up to a factor of t, and have small size (e.g. number of edges for spanners, dimension for embeddings). While such terminal (aka source-wise) metric structures are known to exist in several settings, no terminal spanner or embedding with distortion close to 1, i.e., t=1+epsilon for some small 0<epsilon<1, is currently known. Here we devise such terminal metric structures for doubling metrics, and show that essentially any metric structure with distortion 1+epsilon and size s(|X|) has its terminal counterpart, with distortion 1+O(epsilon) and size s(|K|)+1. In particular, for any doubling metric on n points, a set of k=o(n) terminals, and constant 0<epsilon<1, there exists - A spanner with stretch 1+epsilon for pairs in K x X, with n+o(n) edges. - A labeling scheme with stretch 1+epsilon for pairs in K x X, with label size ~~ log k. - An embedding into l_infty^d with distortion 1+epsilon for pairs in K x X, where d=O(log k). Moreover, surprisingly, the last two results apply if only K is a doubling metric, while X can be arbitrary.

BibTeX - Entry

@InProceedings{elkin_et_al:LIPIcs:2018:8749,
  author =	{Michael Elkin and Ofer Neiman},
  title =	{{Near Isometric Terminal Embeddings for Doubling Metrics}},
  booktitle =	{34th International Symposium on Computational Geometry (SoCG 2018)},
  pages =	{36:1--36:15},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-066-8},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2018},
  volume =	{99},
  editor =	{Bettina Speckmann and Csaba D. T{\'o}th},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl--Leibniz-Zentrum fuer Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{http://drops.dagstuhl.de/opus/volltexte/2018/8749},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-87498},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.SoCG.2018.36},
  annote =	{Keywords: metric embedding, spanners, doubling metrics}
}

Keywords: metric embedding, spanners, doubling metrics
Seminar: 34th International Symposium on Computational Geometry (SoCG 2018)
Issue Date: 2018
Date of publication: 24.05.2018


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