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URN: urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-6065
URL: http://drops.dagstuhl.de/opus/volltexte/2006/606/

Gl, Anna ; Miltersen, Peter Bro

The Cell Probe Complexity of Succinct Data Structures

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Abstract

In the cell probe model with word size 1 (the bit probe model), a static data structure problem is given by a map $f: {0,1}^n imes {0,1}^m ightarrow {0,1}$, where ${0,1}^n$ is a set of possible data to be stored, ${0,1}^m$ is a set of possible queries (for natural problems, we have $m ll n$) and $f(x,y)$ is the answer to question $y$ about data $x$. A solution is given by a representation $phi: {0,1}^n ightarrow {0,1}^s$ and a query algorithm $q$ so that $q(phi(x), y) = f(x,y)$. The time $t$ of the query algorithm is the number of bits it reads in $phi(x)$. In this paper, we consider the case of {em succinct} representations where $s = n + r$ for some {em redundancy} $r ll n$. For a boolean version of the problem of polynomial evaluation with preprocessing of coefficients, we show a lower bound on the redundancy-query time tradeoff of the form [ (r+1) t geq Omega(n/log n).] In particular, for very small redundancies $r$, we get an almost optimal lower bound stating that the query algorithm has to inspect almost the entire data structure (up to a logarithmic factor). We show similar lower bounds for problems satisfying a certain combinatorial property of a coding theoretic flavor. Previously, no $omega(m)$ lower bounds were known on $t$ in the general model for explicit functions, even for very small redundancies. By restricting our attention to {em systematic} or {em index} structures $phi$ satisfying $phi(x) = x cdot phi^*(x)$ for some map $phi^*$ (where $cdot$ denotes concatenation) we show similar lower bounds on the redundancy-query time tradeoff for the natural data structuring problems of Prefix Sum and Substring Search.

BibTeX - Entry

@InProceedings{gl_et_al:DSP:2006:606,
  author =	{Anna G{\'a}l and Peter Bro Miltersen},
  title =	{The Cell Probe Complexity of Succinct Data Structures},
  booktitle =	{Complexity of Boolean Functions},
  year =	{2006},
  editor =	{Matthias Krause and Pavel Pudl{\'a}k and R{\"u}diger Reischuk and Dieter van Melkebeek},
  number =	{06111},
  series =	{Dagstuhl Seminar Proceedings},
  ISSN =	{1862-4405},
  publisher =	{Internationales Begegnungs- und Forschungszentrum f{\"u}r Informatik (IBFI), Schloss Dagstuhl, Germany},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{http://drops.dagstuhl.de/opus/volltexte/2006/606},
  annote =	{Keywords: Cell probe model, data structures, lower bounds, time-space tradeoffs}
}

Keywords: Cell probe model, data structures, lower bounds, time-space tradeoffs
Seminar: 06111 - Complexity of Boolean Functions
Issue date: 2006
Date of publication: 09.10.2006


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