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URN: urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-16505
URL: http://drops.dagstuhl.de/opus/volltexte/2008/1650/

Finkel, Olivier ; Lecomte, Dominique

Topological Complexity of omega-Powers: Extended Abstract

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Abstract

The operation of taking the omega-power $V^omega$ of a language $V$ is a fundamental operation over finitary languages leading to omega-languages. Since the set $X^omega$ of infinite words over a finite alphabet $X$ can be equipped with the usual Cantor topology, the question of the topological complexity of omega-powers of finitary languages naturally arises and has been posed by Damian Niwinski (1990), Pierre Simonnet (1992), and Ludwig Staiger (1997). We investigate the topological complexity of omega-powers. We prove the following very surprising results which show that omega-powers exhibit a great opological complexity: for each non-null countable ordinal $xi$, there exist some $Sigma^0_xi$-complete omega-powers, and some $Pi^0_xi$-complete omega-powers. On the other hand, the Wadge hierarchy is a great refinement of the Borel hierarchy, determined by Bill Wadge. We show that, for each ordinal $xi$ greater than or equal to 3, there are uncountably many Wadge degrees of omega-powers of Borel rank $xi +1$. Using tools of effective descriptive set theory, we prove some effective versions of the above results.

BibTeX - Entry

@InProceedings{finkel_et_al:DSP:2008:1650,
  author =	{Olivier Finkel and Dominique Lecomte},
  title =	{Topological Complexity of omega-Powers: Extended Abstract},
  booktitle =	{Topological and Game-Theoretic Aspects of Infinite Computations},
  year =	{2008},
  editor =	{Peter Hertling and Victor Selivanov and Wolfgang Thomas and William W. Wadge and Klaus Wagner},
  number =	{08271},
  series =	{Dagstuhl Seminar Proceedings},
  ISSN =	{1862-4405},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl - Leibniz-Zentrum fuer Informatik, Germany},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{http://drops.dagstuhl.de/opus/volltexte/2008/1650},
  annote =	{Keywords: Infinite words, omega-languages, omega-powers, Cantor topology, topological complexity, Borel sets, Borel ranks, complete sets, Wadge hierarchy, Wadge}
}

Keywords: Infinite words, omega-languages, omega-powers, Cantor topology, topological complexity, Borel sets, Borel ranks, complete sets, Wadge hierarchy, Wadge
Seminar: 08271 - Topological and Game-Theoretic Aspects of Infinite Computations
Issue date: 2008
Date of publication: 05.11.2008


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