Schloss Dagstuhl - Leibniz-Zentrum fuer Informatik GmbH Schloss Dagstuhl - Leibniz-Zentrum fuer Informatik GmbH scholarly article en Ivanyos, Gábor; Karpinski, Marek; Qiao, Youming; Santha, Miklos http://www.dagstuhl.de/lipics License
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Generalized Wong sequences and their applications to Edmonds' problems

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Abstract

We design two deterministic polynomial time algorithms for variants of a problem introduced by Edmonds in 1967: determine the rank of a matrix M whose entries are homogeneous linear polynomials over the integers. Given a linear subspace B of the nxn matrices over some field F, we consider the following problems: symbolic matrix rank (SMR) is the problem to determine the maximum rank among matrices in B, while symbolic determinant identity testing (SDIT) is the question to decide whether there exists a nonsingular matrix in B. The constructive versions of these problems are asking to find a matrix of maximum rank, respectively a nonsingular matrix, if there exists one. Our first algorithm solves the constructive SMR when B is spanned by unknown rank one matrices, answering an open question of Gurvits. Our second algorithm solves the constructive SDIT when B is spanned by triangularizable matrices, but the triangularization is not given explicitly. Both algorithms work over finite fields of size at least n+1 and over the rational numbers, and the first algorithm actually solves (the non-constructive) SMR independent of the field size. Our main tool to obtain these results is to generalize Wong sequences, a classical method to deal with pairs of matrices, to the case of pairs of matrix spaces.

BibTeX - Entry

@InProceedings{ivanyos_et_al:LIPIcs:2014:4474,
  author =	{G{\'a}bor Ivanyos and Marek Karpinski and Youming Qiao and Miklos Santha},
  title =	{{Generalized Wong sequences and their applications to Edmonds' problems}},
  booktitle =	{31st International Symposium on Theoretical Aspects of Computer Science (STACS 2014)},
  pages =	{397--408},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-939897-65-1},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2014},
  volume =	{25},
  editor =	{Ernst W. Mayr and Natacha Portier},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl--Leibniz-Zentrum fuer Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{http://drops.dagstuhl.de/opus/volltexte/2014/4474},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-44741},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.STACS.2014.397},
  annote =	{Keywords: symbolic determinantal identity testing, Edmonds' problem, maximum rank matrix completion, derandomization, Wong sequences}
}

Keywords: symbolic determinantal identity testing, Edmonds' problem, maximum rank matrix completion, derandomization, Wong sequences
Seminar: 31st International Symposium on Theoretical Aspects of Computer Science (STACS 2014)
Issue date: 2014
Date of publication: 2014


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