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URN: urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-59445
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Peeling and Nibbling the Cactus: Subexponential-Time Algorithms for Counting Triangulations and Related Problems

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Abstract

Given a set of n points S in the plane, a triangulation T of S is a maximal set of non-crossing segments with endpoints in S. We present an algorithm that computes the number of triangulations on a given set of n points in time n^{ (11+ o(1)) sqrt{n} }, significantly improving the previous best running time of O(2^n n^2) by Alvarez and Seidel [SoCG 2013]. Our main tool is identifying separators of size O(sqrt{n}) of a triangulation in a canonical way. The definition of the separators are based on the decomposition of the triangulation into nested layers ("cactus graphs"). Based on the above algorithm, we develop a simple and formal framework to count other non-crossing straight-line graphs in n^{O(sqrt{n})} time. We demonstrate the usefulness of the framework by applying it to counting non-crossing Hamilton cycles, spanning trees, perfect matchings, 3-colorable triangulations, connected graphs, cycle decompositions, quadrangulations, 3-regular graphs, and more.

BibTeX - Entry

@InProceedings{marx_et_al:LIPIcs:2016:5944,
  author =	{D{\'a}niel Marx and Tillmann Miltzow},
  title =	{{Peeling and Nibbling the Cactus:  Subexponential-Time Algorithms for Counting Triangulations and Related Problems}},
  booktitle =	{32nd International Symposium on Computational Geometry (SoCG 2016)},
  pages =	{52:1--52:16},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-009-5},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2016},
  volume =	{51},
  editor =	{S{\'a}ndor Fekete and Anna Lubiw},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl--Leibniz-Zentrum fuer Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{http://drops.dagstuhl.de/opus/volltexte/2016/5944},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-59445},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.SoCG.2016.52},
  annote =	{Keywords: computational geometry, triangulations, exponential-time algorithms}
}

Keywords: computational geometry, triangulations, exponential-time algorithms
Seminar: 32nd International Symposium on Computational Geometry (SoCG 2016)
Issue date: 2016
Date of publication: 2016


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