Schloss Dagstuhl - Leibniz-Zentrum fuer Informatik GmbH Schloss Dagstuhl - Leibniz-Zentrum fuer Informatik GmbH scholarly article en Ben-David, Shalev; Kothari, Robin http://www.dagstuhl.de/lipics License
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URN: urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-103944
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Quantum Distinguishing Complexity, Zero-Error Algorithms, and Statistical Zero Knowledge

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Abstract

We define a new query measure we call quantum distinguishing complexity, denoted QD(f) for a Boolean function f. Unlike a quantum query algorithm, which must output a state close to |0> on a 0-input and a state close to |1> on a 1-input, a "quantum distinguishing algorithm" can output any state, as long as the output states for any 0-input and 1-input are distinguishable. Using this measure, we establish a new relationship in query complexity: For all total functions f, Q_0(f)=O~(Q(f)^5), where Q_0(f) and Q(f) denote the zero-error and bounded-error quantum query complexity of f respectively, improving on the previously known sixth power relationship. We also define a query measure based on quantum statistical zero-knowledge proofs, QSZK(f), which is at most Q(f). We show that QD(f) in fact lower bounds QSZK(f) and not just Q(f). QD(f) also upper bounds the (positive-weights) adversary bound, which yields the following relationships for all f: Q(f) >= QSZK(f) >= QD(f) = Omega(Adv(f)). This sheds some light on why the adversary bound proves suboptimal bounds for problems like Collision and Set Equality, which have low QSZK complexity. Lastly, we show implications for lifting theorems in communication complexity. We show that a general lifting theorem for either zero-error quantum query complexity or for QSZK would imply a general lifting theorem for bounded-error quantum query complexity.

BibTeX - Entry

@InProceedings{bendavid_et_al:LIPIcs:2019:10394,
  author =	{Shalev Ben-David and Robin Kothari},
  title =	{{Quantum Distinguishing Complexity, Zero-Error Algorithms, and Statistical Zero Knowledge}},
  booktitle =	{14th Conference on the Theory of Quantum Computation, Communication and Cryptography (TQC 2019)},
  pages =	{2:1--2:23},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-112-2},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2019},
  volume =	{135},
  editor =	{Wim van Dam and Laura Mancinska},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl--Leibniz-Zentrum fuer Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{http://drops.dagstuhl.de/opus/volltexte/2019/10394},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-103944},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.TQC.2019.2},
  annote =	{Keywords: Quantum query complexity, quantum algorithms}
}

Keywords: Quantum query complexity, quantum algorithms
Seminar: 14th Conference on the Theory of Quantum Computation, Communication and Cryptography (TQC 2019)
Issue date: 2019
Date of publication: 2019


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