Decentralization and Mechanism Design for Online Machine Scheduling
We study the online version of the classical parallel machine
scheduling problem to minimize the total weighted completion time
from a new perspective: We assume that the data of each job,
namely its release date $r_j$, its processing time $p_j$ and its
weight $w_j$ is only known to the job itself, but not to the
system. Furthermore, we assume a decentralized setting where jobs
choose the machine on which they want to be processed themselves.
We study this problem from the perspective of algorithmic
mechanism design. We introduce the concept of a myopic best
response equilibrium, a concept weaker than the dominant strategy
equilibrium, but appropriate for online problems. We present a
polynomial time, online scheduling mechanism that, assuming
rational behavior of jobs, results in an equilibrium schedule that
is 3.281-competitive. The mechanism deploys an online payment
scheme that induces rational jobs to truthfully report their
private data. We also show that the underlying local scheduling
policy cannot be extended to a mechanism where truthful reports
constitute a dominant strategy equilibrium.
Scheduling
mechanism design
online algorithms
1-4
Regular Paper
Birgit
Heydenreich
Birgit Heydenreich
Rudolf
Müller
Rudolf Müller
Marc
Uetz
Marc Uetz
10.4230/DagSemProc.06461.7
Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International license
https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/legalcode