eng
Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik
Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics
1868-8969
2020-08-11
56:1
56:16
10.4230/LIPIcs.APPROX/RANDOM.2020.56
article
An Extension of Plücker Relations with Applications to Subdeterminant Maximization
Anari, Nima
1
Vuong, Thuy-Duong
1
Department of Computer Science, Stanford University, CA, USA
Given a matrix A and k ≥ 0, we study the problem of finding the k × k submatrix of A with the maximum determinant in absolute value. This problem is motivated by the question of computing the determinant-based lower bound of cite{LSV86} on hereditary discrepancy, which was later shown to be an approximate upper bound as well [Matoušek, 2013]. The special case where k coincides with one of the dimensions of A has been extensively studied. Nikolov gave a 2^{O(k)}-approximation algorithm for this special case, matching known lower bounds; he also raised as an open problem the question of designing approximation algorithms for the general case.
We make progress towards answering this question by giving the first efficient approximation algorithm for general k× k subdeterminant maximization with an approximation ratio that depends only on k. Our algorithm finds a k^{O(k)}-approximate solution by performing a simple local search. Our main technical contribution, enabling the analysis of the approximation ratio, is an extension of Plücker relations for the Grassmannian, which may be of independent interest; Plücker relations are quadratic polynomial equations involving the set of k× k subdeterminants of a k× n matrix. We find an extension of these relations to k× k subdeterminants of general m× n matrices.
https://drops.dagstuhl.de/storage/00lipics/lipics-vol176-approx-random2020/LIPIcs.APPROX-RANDOM.2020.56/LIPIcs.APPROX-RANDOM.2020.56.pdf
Plücker relations
determinant maximization
local search
exchange property
discrete concavity
discrepancy