eng
Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik
Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics
1868-8969
2024-09-16
5:1
5:20
10.4230/LIPIcs.APPROX/RANDOM.2024.5
article
Asynchronous Majority Dynamics on Binomial Random Graphs
Mohan, Divyarthi
1
https://orcid.org/0000-0002-8671-5714
Prałat, Paweł
2
Blavatnik School of Computer Science, Tel Aviv University, Israel
Department of Mathematics, Toronto Metropolitan University, Canada
We study information aggregation in networks when agents interact to learn a binary state of the world. Initially each agent privately observes an independent signal which is correct with probability 1/2+δ for some δ > 0. At each round, a node is selected uniformly at random to update their public opinion to match the majority of their neighbours (breaking ties in favour of their initial private signal). Our main result shows that for sparse and connected binomial random graphs G(n,p) the process stabilizes in a correct consensus in 𝒪(nlog² n/log log n) steps with high probability. In fact, when log n/n ≪ p = o(1) the process terminates at time T^ = (1+o(1))nlog n, where T^ is the first time when all nodes have been selected at least once. However, in dense binomial random graphs with p = Ω(1), there is an information cascade where the process terminates in the incorrect consensus with probability bounded away from zero.
https://drops.dagstuhl.de/storage/00lipics/lipics-vol317-approx-random2024/LIPIcs.APPROX-RANDOM.2024.5/LIPIcs.APPROX-RANDOM.2024.5.pdf
Opinion dynamics
Social learning
Stochastic processes
Random Graphs
Consensus