Proving super-polynomial lower bounds on the size of proofs of unsatisfiability of Boolean formulas using resolution over parities is an outstanding problem that has received a lot of attention after its introduction by Itsykson and Sokolov [Dmitry Itsykson and Dmitry Sokolov, 2014]. Very recently, Efremenko, Garlík and Itsykson [Klim Efremenko et al., 2023] proved the first exponential lower bounds on the size of ResLin proofs that were additionally restricted to be bottom-regular. We show that there are formulas for which such regular ResLin proofs of unsatisfiability continue to have exponential size even though there exist short proofs of their unsatisfiability in ordinary, non-regular resolution. This is the first super-polynomial separation between the power of general ResLin and that of regular ResLin for any natural notion of regularity.

Our argument, while building upon the work of Efremenko et al. [Klim Efremenko et al., 2023], uses additional ideas from the literature on lifting theorems.