eng
Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik
Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics
1868-8969
2019-07-02
13:1
13:21
10.4230/LIPIcs.ECRTS.2019.13
article
GEDF Tardiness: Open Problems Involving Uniform Multiprocessors and Affinity Masks Resolved
Tang, Stephen
1
Voronov, Sergey
1
Anderson, James H.
1
Department of Computer Science, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, NC, USA
Prior work has shown that the global earliest-deadline-first (GEDF) scheduler is soft real-time (SRT)-optimal for sporadic task systems in a variety of contexts, meaning that bounded deadline tardiness can be guaranteed under it for any task system that does not cause platform overutilization. However, one particularly compelling context has remained elusive: multiprocessor platforms in which tasks have affinity masks that determine the processors where they may execute. Actual GEDF implementations, such as the SCHED_DEADLINE class in Linux, have dealt with this unresolved question by foregoing SRT guarantees once affinity masks are set. This unresolved question, as it pertains to SCHED_DEADLINE, was included by Peter Zijlstra in a list of important open problems affecting Linux in his keynote talk at ECRTS 2017. In this paper, this question is resolved along with another open problem that at first blush seems unrelated but actually is. Specifically, both problems are closed by establishing two results. First, a proof strategy used previously to establish GEDF tardiness bounds that are exponential in size on heterogeneous uniform multiprocessors is generalized to show that polynomial bounds exist on a wider class of platforms. Second, both uniform multiprocessors and identical multiprocessors with affinities are shown to be within this class. These results yield the first polynomial GEDF tardiness bounds for the uniform case and the first such bounds of any kind for the identical-with-affinities case.
https://drops.dagstuhl.de/storage/00lipics/lipics-vol133-ecrts2019/LIPIcs.ECRTS.2019.13/LIPIcs.ECRTS.2019.13.pdf
scheduling theory
multicore
processor affinity masks
GEDF
uniform multiprocessors