We give new partially-dynamic algorithms for the all-pairs shortest paths problem in weighted directed graphs. Most importantly, we give a new deterministic incremental algorithm for the problem that handles updates in O~(mn^(4/3) log{W}/epsilon) total time (where the edge weights are from [1,W]) and explicitly maintains a (1+epsilon)-approximate distance matrix. For a fixed epsilon>0, this is the first deterministic partially dynamic algorithm for all-pairs shortest paths in directed graphs, whose update time is o(n^2) regardless of the number of edges. Furthermore, we also show how to improve the state-of-the-art partially dynamic randomized algorithms for all-pairs shortest paths [Baswana et al. STOC’02, Bernstein STOC’13] from Monte Carlo randomized to Las Vegas randomized without increasing the running time bounds (with respect to the O~(*) notation).

Our results are obtained by giving new algorithms for the problem of dynamically maintaining hubs, that is a set of O~(n/d) vertices which hit a shortest path between each pair of vertices, provided it has hop-length Omega(d). We give new subquadratic deterministic and Las Vegas algorithms for maintenance of hubs under either edge insertions or deletions.