eng
Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik
Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics
1868-8969
2009-12-14
275
286
10.4230/LIPIcs.FSTTCS.2009.2325
article
Bounded Size Graph Clustering with Applications to Stream Processing
Khandekar, Rohit
Hildrum, Kirsten
Parekh, Sujay
Rajan, Deepak
Sethuraman, Jay
Wolf, Joel
We introduce a graph clustering problem motivated by a stream processing application. Input to our problem is an undirected graph with vertex and edge weights. A cluster is a subset of the vertices. The {\em size} of a cluster is
defined as the total vertex weight in the subset plus the total edge weight at the boundary of the cluster. The bounded size graph clustering problem ($\GC$) is to partition the vertices into clusters of size at most a given budget and minimize the total edge-weight across the clusters. In the {\em multiway cut} version of the problem, we are also given a subset of vertices called {\em terminals}. No cluster is allowed to contain more than one terminal. Our problem differs from most of the previously studied clustering problems in that the number of clusters is not specified. We first show that the feasibility version of the multiway cut $\GC$ problem,
i.e., determining if there exists a clustering with bounded-size clusters satisfying the multiway cut constraint, can be solved in polynomial time. Our algorithm is based on the min-cut subroutine and an uncrossing argument. This result is in contrast with the NP-hardness of the min-max multiway cut problem, considered by Svitkina and Tardos (2004), in which the number of clusters must equal the number of terminals. Our results for the feasibility version also generalize to any symmetric submodular function. We next show that the optimization version of $\GC$ is NP-hard by showing an
approximation-preserving reduction from the $\frac 13$-balanced cut problem.
Our main result is an $O(\log^2 n)$-approximation to the optimization version
of the multiway cut $\GC$ problem violating the budget by an $O(\log n)$
factor, where $n$ denotes the number of vertices. Our algorithm is based on a
set-cover-like greedy approach which iteratively computes bounded-size clusters
to maximize the number of new vertices covered.
https://drops.dagstuhl.de/storage/00lipics/lipics-vol004-fsttcs2009/LIPIcs.FSTTCS.2009.2325/LIPIcs.FSTTCS.2009.2325.pdf
Graph partitioning
uncrossing
Gomory-Hu trees
symmetric submodular functions