eng
Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik
Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics
1868-8969
2010-12-14
145
156
10.4230/LIPIcs.FSTTCS.2010.145
article
New Results on Quantum Property Testing
Chakraborty, Sourav
Fischer, Eldar
Matsliah, Arie
de Wolf, Ronald
We present several new examples of speed-ups obtainable by quantum algorithms in the context of property testing.
First, motivated by sampling algorithms, we consider probability distributions given in the form of an oracle $f:[n]\to[m]$. Here the probability $P_f(j)$ of an outcome $j$ in $[m]$ is the fraction of its domain that $f$ maps to $j$. We give quantum algorithms for testing whether two such distributions are identical or $epsilon$-far in $L_1$-norm. Recently, Bravyi, Hassidim, and Harrow showed that if
$P_f$ and $P_g$ are both unknown (i.e., given by oracles $f$ and $g$), then this testing can be done in roughly $sqrt{m}$ quantum queries to the functions. We consider the case where the second distribution is known, and show that testing can be done with roughly $m^{1/3}$ quantum queries, which we prove to be essentially optimal. In contrast, it is known that classical testing algorithms need about $m^{2/3}$ queries in the unknown-unknown case and about $sqrt{m}$ queries in the known-unknown case. Based on this result, we also reduce the query complexity of graph isomorphism testers with quantum oracle access.
While those examples provide polynomial quantum speed-ups, our third example gives a much larger improvement (constant quantum queries vs polynomial classical queries) for the problem of testing periodicity, based on Shor's algorithm and a modification of a classical lower bound by Lachish and Newman. This provides an alternative to a recent constant-vs-polynomial speed-up due to Aaronson.
https://drops.dagstuhl.de/storage/00lipics/lipics-vol008-fsttcs2010/LIPIcs.FSTTCS.2010.145/LIPIcs.FSTTCS.2010.145.pdf
quantum algorithm
property testing