eng
Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik
Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics
1868-8969
2010-12-14
84
95
10.4230/LIPIcs.FSTTCS.2010.84
article
Satisfiability of Acyclic and Almost Acyclic CNF Formulas
Ordyniak, Sebastian
Paulusma, Daniel
Szeider, Stefan
We study the propositional satisfiability problem (SAT) on classes of CNF formulas (formulas in Conjunctive Normal Form) that obey certain structural restrictions in terms of their hypergraph structure, by associating to a CNF formula the hypergraph obtained by ignoring negations and considering clauses as hyperedges on variables. We show that satisfiability of CNF formulas with so-called ``beta-acyclic hypergraphs'' can be decided in polynomial time.
We also study the parameterized complexity of SAT for ``almost'' beta-acyclic instances, using as parameter the formula's distance from being beta-acyclic. As distance we use the size of smallest strong backdoor sets and the beta-hypertree width. As a by-product we obtain the W[1]-hardness of SAT parameterized by the (undirected) clique-width of the incidence graph, which disproves a conjecture by Fischer, Makowsky, and Ravve (Discr. Appl. Math. 156, 2008).
https://drops.dagstuhl.de/storage/00lipics/lipics-vol008-fsttcs2010/LIPIcs.FSTTCS.2010.84/LIPIcs.FSTTCS.2010.84.pdf
Satisfiability
chordal bipartite graphs
beta-acyclic hypergraphs
backdoor sets
parameterized complexity