eng
Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik
Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics
1868-8969
2021-07-02
99:1
99:20
10.4230/LIPIcs.ICALP.2021.99
article
Decision Problems for Second-Order Holonomic Recurrences
Neumann, Eike
1
Ouaknine, Joël
1
Worrell, James
2
Max Planck Institute for Software Systems, Saarland Informatics Campus, Saarbrücken, Germany
Department of Computer Science, Oxford University, UK
We study decision problems for sequences which obey a second-order holonomic recurrence of the form f(n + 2) = P(n) f(n + 1) + Q(n) f(n) with rational polynomial coefficients, where P is non-constant, Q is non-zero, and the degree of Q is smaller than or equal to that of P. We show that existence of infinitely many zeroes is decidable. We give partial algorithms for deciding the existence of a zero, positivity of all sequence terms, and positivity of all but finitely many sequence terms. If Q does not have a positive integer zero then our algorithms halt on almost all initial values (f(1), f(2)) for the recurrence. We identify a class of recurrences for which our algorithms halt for all initial values. We further identify a class of recurrences for which our algorithms can be extended to total ones.
https://drops.dagstuhl.de/storage/00lipics/lipics-vol198-icalp2021/LIPIcs.ICALP.2021.99/LIPIcs.ICALP.2021.99.pdf
holonomic sequences
Positivity Problem
Skolem Problem