eng
Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik
Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics
1868-8969
2023-07-05
91:1
91:16
10.4230/LIPIcs.ICALP.2023.91
article
A Tight (1.5+ε)-Approximation for Unsplittable Capacitated Vehicle Routing on Trees
Mathieu, Claire
1
Zhou, Hang
2
CNRS Paris, France
École Polytechnique, Institut Polytechnique de Paris, France
In the unsplittable capacitated vehicle routing problem (UCVRP) on trees, we are given a rooted tree with edge weights and a subset of vertices of the tree called terminals. Each terminal is associated with a positive demand between 0 and 1. The goal is to find a minimum length collection of tours starting and ending at the root of the tree such that the demand of each terminal is covered by a single tour (i.e., the demand cannot be split), and the total demand of the terminals in each tour does not exceed the capacity of 1.
For the special case when all terminals have equal demands, a long line of research culminated in a quasi-polynomial time approximation scheme [Jayaprakash and Salavatipour, TALG 2023] and a polynomial time approximation scheme [Mathieu and Zhou, TALG 2023].
In this work, we study the general case when the terminals have arbitrary demands. Our main contribution is a polynomial time (1.5+ε)-approximation algorithm for the UCVRP on trees. This is the first improvement upon the 2-approximation algorithm more than 30 years ago. Our approximation ratio is essentially best possible, since it is NP-hard to approximate the UCVRP on trees to better than a 1.5 factor.
https://drops.dagstuhl.de/storage/00lipics/lipics-vol261-icalp2023/LIPIcs.ICALP.2023.91/LIPIcs.ICALP.2023.91.pdf
approximation algorithms
capacitated vehicle routing
graph algorithms
combinatorial optimization