eng
Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik
Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics
1868-8969
2017-12-07
27:1
27:13
10.4230/LIPIcs.ISAAC.2017.27
article
Dynamic Conflict-Free Colorings in the Plane
de Berg, Mark
Markovic, Aleksandar
We study dynamic conflict-free colorings in the plane, where the goal is to maintain a conflict-free coloring (CF-coloring for short) under insertions and deletions.
- First we consider CF-colorings of a set S of unit squares with respect to points. Our method maintains a CF-coloring that uses O(log n) colors at any time, where n is the current number of squares in S, at the cost of only O(log n) recolorings per insertion or deletion We generalize the method to rectangles whose sides have lengths in the range [1, c], where c is a fixed constant. Here the number of used colors becomes O(log^2 n). The method also extends to arbitrary rectangles whose coordinates come from a fixed universe of size N, yielding O(log^2 N log^2 n) colors. The number of recolorings for both methods stays in O(log n).
- We then present a general framework to maintain a CF-coloring under insertions for sets of objects that admit a unimax coloring with a small number of colors in the static case. As an application we show how to maintain a CF-coloring with O(log^3 n) colors for disks (or other objects with linear union complexity) with respect to points at the cost of O(log n) recolorings per insertion. We extend the framework to the fully-dynamic case when the static unimax coloring admits weak deletions. As an application we show how to maintain a CF-coloring with O(sqrt(n) log^2 n) colors for points with respect to rectangles, at the cost of O(log n) recolorings per insertion and O(1) recolorings per deletion.
These are the first results on fully-dynamic CF-colorings in the plane, and the first results for semi-dynamic CF-colorings for non-congruent objects.
https://drops.dagstuhl.de/storage/00lipics/lipics-vol092-isaac2017/LIPIcs.ISAAC.2017.27/LIPIcs.ISAAC.2017.27.pdf
Conflict-free colorings
Dynamic data structures