eng
Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik
Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics
1868-8969
2022-12-14
11:1
11:17
10.4230/LIPIcs.ISAAC.2022.11
article
Combinatorial and Algorithmic Aspects of Monadic Stability
Dreier, Jan
1
https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2662-5303
Mählmann, Nikolas
2
https://orcid.org/0000-0003-3657-7736
Mouawad, Amer E.
3
2
https://orcid.org/0000-0003-2481-4968
Siebertz, Sebastian
2
https://orcid.org/0000-0002-6347-1198
Vigny, Alexandre
2
https://orcid.org/0000-0002-4298-8876
TU Wien, Austria
Universität Bremen, Germany
American University of Beirut, Lebanon
Nowhere dense classes of graphs are classes of sparse graphs with rich structural and algorithmic properties, however, they fail to capture even simple classes of dense graphs. Monadically stable classes, originating from model theory, generalize nowhere dense classes and close them under transductions, i.e. transformations defined by colorings and simple first-order interpretations. In this work we aim to extend some combinatorial and algorithmic properties of nowhere dense classes to monadically stable classes of finite graphs. We prove the following results.
- For every monadically stable class C and fixed integer s ≥ 3, the Ramsey numbers R_C(s,t) are bounded from above by 𝒪(t^{s-1-δ}) for some δ > 0, improving the bound R(s,t) ∈ 𝒪(t^{s-1}/(log t)^{s-1}) known for the class of all graphs and the bounds known for k-stable graphs when s ≤ k.
- For every monadically stable class C and every integer r, there exists δ > 0 such that every graph G ∈ C that contains an r-subdivision of the biclique K_{t,t} as a subgraph also contains K_{t^δ,t^δ} as a subgraph. This generalizes earlier results for nowhere dense graph classes.
- We obtain a stronger regularity lemma for monadically stable classes of graphs.
- Finally, we show that we can compute polynomial kernels for the independent set and dominating set problems in powers of nowhere dense classes. Formerly, only fixed-parameter tractable algorithms were known for these problems on powers of nowhere dense classes.
https://drops.dagstuhl.de/storage/00lipics/lipics-vol248-isaac2022/LIPIcs.ISAAC.2022.11/LIPIcs.ISAAC.2022.11.pdf
Monadic Stability
Structural Graph Theory
Ramsey Numbers
Regularity
Kernels