eng
Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik
Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics
1868-8969
2018-01-12
26:1
26:14
10.4230/LIPIcs.ITCS.2018.26
article
Local Decoding and Testing of Polynomials over Grids
Srinivasan, Srikanth
Sudan, Madhu
The well-known DeMillo-Lipton-Schwartz-Zippel lemma says that n-variate polynomials of total degree at most d over grids, i.e. sets of the form A_1 \times A_2 \times \cdots \times A_n, form error-correcting codes (of distance at least 2^{-d} provided \min_i\{|A_i|\}\geq 2). In this work we explore their local decodability and local testability. While these aspects have been studied extensively when A_1 = \cdots = A_n = \F_q are the same finite field, the setting when A_i's are not the full field does not seem to have been explored before.
In this work we focus on the case A_i = {0,1} for every i. We show that for every field (finite or otherwise) there is a test whose query complexity depends only on the degree (and not on the number of variables). In contrast we show that decodability is possible over fields of positive characteristic (with query complexity growing with the degree of the polynomial and the characteristic), but not over the reals, where the query complexity must grow with $n$. As a consequence we get a natural example of a code (one with a transitive group of symmetries) that is locally testable but not locally decodable.
Classical results on local decoding and testing of polynomials have relied on the 2-transitive symmetries of the space of low-degree polynomials (under affine transformations). Grids do not possess this symmetry: So we introduce some new techniques to overcome this handicap and in particular use the hypercontractivity of the (constant weight) noise operator on the Hamming cube.
https://drops.dagstuhl.de/storage/00lipics/lipics-vol094-itcs2018/LIPIcs.ITCS.2018.26/LIPIcs.ITCS.2018.26.pdf
Property testing
Coding theory
Low-degree testing
Local decoding
Local testing