{"@context":"https:\/\/schema.org\/","@type":"ScholarlyArticle","@id":"#article10087","name":"Computational Complexity of Graph Partition under Vertex-Compaction to an Irreflexive Hexagon","abstract":"In this paper, we solve a long-standing graph partition problem under vertex-compaction that has been of interest since about 1999. The graph partition problem that we consider in this paper is to decide whether or not it is possible to partition the vertices of a graph into six distinct non-empty sets A, B, C, D, E, and F, such that the vertices in each set are independent, i.e., there is no edge within any set, and an edge is possible but not necessary only between the pairs of sets A and B, B and C, C and D, D and E, E and F, and F and A, and there is no edge between any other pair of sets. We study the problem as the vertex-compaction problem for an irreflexive hexagon (6-cycle). Determining the computational complexity of this problem has been a long-standing problem of interest since about 1999, especially after the results of open problems obtained by the author on a related compaction problem appeared in 1999. We show in this paper that the vertex-compaction problem for an irreflexive hexagon is NP-complete. Our proof can be extended for larger even irreflexive cycles, showing that the vertex-compaction problem for an irreflexive even k-cycle is NP-complete, for all even k \\geq 6.","keywords":["computational complexity","algorithms","graph","partition","colouring","homomorphism","retraction","compaction","vertex-compaction"],"author":{"@type":"Person","name":"Vikas, Narayan","givenName":"Narayan","familyName":"Vikas"},"position":69,"pageStart":"69:1","pageEnd":"69:14","dateCreated":"2017-12-01","datePublished":"2017-12-01","isAccessibleForFree":true,"license":"https:\/\/creativecommons.org\/licenses\/by\/3.0\/legalcode","copyrightHolder":{"@type":"Person","name":"Vikas, Narayan","givenName":"Narayan","familyName":"Vikas"},"copyrightYear":"2017","accessMode":"textual","accessModeSufficient":"textual","creativeWorkStatus":"Published","inLanguage":"en-US","sameAs":"https:\/\/doi.org\/10.4230\/LIPIcs.MFCS.2017.69","publisher":"Schloss Dagstuhl \u2013 Leibniz-Zentrum f\u00fcr Informatik","isPartOf":{"@type":"PublicationVolume","@id":"#volume6286","volumeNumber":83,"name":"42nd International Symposium on Mathematical Foundations of Computer Science (MFCS 2017)","dateCreated":"2017-12-01","datePublished":"2017-12-01","editor":[{"@type":"Person","name":"Larsen, Kim G.","givenName":"Kim G.","familyName":"Larsen"},{"@type":"Person","name":"Bodlaender, Hans L.","givenName":"Hans L.","familyName":"Bodlaender"},{"@type":"Person","name":"Raskin, Jean-Francois","givenName":"Jean-Francois","familyName":"Raskin"}],"isAccessibleForFree":true,"publisher":"Schloss Dagstuhl \u2013 Leibniz-Zentrum f\u00fcr Informatik","hasPart":"#article10087","isPartOf":{"@type":"Periodical","@id":"#series116","name":"Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics","issn":"1868-8969","isAccessibleForFree":true,"publisher":"Schloss Dagstuhl \u2013 Leibniz-Zentrum f\u00fcr Informatik","hasPart":"#volume6286"}}}