eng
Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik
Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics
1868-8969
2020-08-18
80:1
80:14
10.4230/LIPIcs.MFCS.2020.80
article
Ambiguity Hierarchy of Regular Infinite Tree Languages
Rabinovich, Alexander
1
https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1460-2358
Tiferet, Doron
1
Tel Aviv University, Israel
An automaton is unambiguous if for every input it has at most one accepting computation. An automaton is k-ambiguous (for k > 0) if for every input it has at most k accepting computations. An automaton is boundedly ambiguous if there is k ∈ ℕ, such that for every input it has at most k accepting computations. An automaton is finitely (respectively, countably) ambiguous if for every input it has at most finitely (respectively, countably) many accepting computations.
The degree of ambiguity of a regular language is defined in a natural way. A language is k-ambiguous (respectively, boundedly, finitely, countably ambiguous) if it is accepted by a k-ambiguous (respectively, boundedly, finitely, countably ambiguous) automaton. Over finite words every regular language is accepted by a deterministic automaton. Over finite trees every regular language is accepted by an unambiguous automaton. Over ω-words every regular language is accepted by an unambiguous Büchi automaton [Arnold, 1983] and by a deterministic parity automaton. Over infinite trees there are ambiguous languages [Carayol et al., 2010].
We show that over infinite trees there is a hierarchy of degrees of ambiguity: For every k > 1 there are k-ambiguous languages which are not k-1 ambiguous; there are finitely (respectively countably, uncountably) ambiguous languages which are not boundedly (respectively finitely, countably) ambiguous.
https://drops.dagstuhl.de/storage/00lipics/lipics-vol170-mfcs2020/LIPIcs.MFCS.2020.80/LIPIcs.MFCS.2020.80.pdf
automata on infinite trees
ambiguous automata
monadic second-order logic