We relate various complexity measures like sensitivity, block sensitivity, certificate complexity for multi-output functions to the query complexities of such functions. Using these relations, we provide the following improvements upon the known relationship between pseudo-deterministic and deterministic query complexity for total search problems:

- We show that deterministic query complexity is at most the third power of its pseudo-deterministic query complexity. Previously, a fourth-power relation was shown by Goldreich, Goldwasser and Ron (ITCS'13).

- We improve the known separation between pseudo-deterministic and randomized decision tree size for total search problems in two ways: (1) we exhibit an exp(Ω̃(n^{1/4})) separation for the SearchCNF relation for random k-CNFs. This seems to be the first exponential lower bound on the pseudo-deterministic size complexity of SearchCNF associated with random k-CNFs. (2) we exhibit an exp(Ω(n)) separation for the ApproxHamWt relation. The previous best known separation for any relation was exp(Ω(n^{1/2})). We also separate pseudo-determinism from randomness in And and (And,Or) decision trees, and determinism from pseudo-determinism in Parity decision trees. For a hypercube colouring problem, that was introduced by Goldwasswer, Impagliazzo, Pitassi and Santhanam (CCC'21) to analyze the pseudo-deterministic complexity of a complete problem in TFNP^{dt}, we prove that either the monotone block-sensitivity or the anti-monotone block sensitivity is Ω(n^{1/3}); Goldwasser et al. showed an Ω(n^{1/2}) bound for general block-sensitivity.