eng
Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik
Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics
1868-8969
2024-08-23
25:1
25:17
10.4230/LIPIcs.MFCS.2024.25
article
Multiway Cuts with a Choice of Representatives
Bérczi, Kristóf
1
2
https://orcid.org/0000-0003-0457-4573
Király, Tamás
2
https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7218-2112
Szabo, Daniel P.
3
https://orcid.org/0009-0009-7263-1614
MTA-ELTE Matroid Optimization Research Group, Budapest, Hungary
HUN-REN-ELTE Egerváry Research Group on Combinatorial Optimization, Department of Operations Research, Eötvös Loránd University, Budapest, Hungary
Department of Operations Research, Eötvös Loránd University, Budapest, Hungary
In the Multiway Cut problem, we are given an undirected graph with nonnegative edge weights and a subset of k terminals, and the goal is to determine a set of edges of minimum total weight whose removal disconnects each terminal from the rest. The problem is APX-hard for k ≥ 3, and an extensive line of research has concentrated on closing the gap between the best upper and lower bounds for approximability and inapproximability, respectively.
In this paper, we study several generalizations of Multiway Cut where the terminals can be chosen as representatives from sets of candidates T₁,…,T_q. In this setting, one is allowed to choose these representatives so that the minimum-weight cut separating these sets via their representatives is as small as possible. We distinguish different cases depending on (A) whether the representative of a candidate set has to be separated from the other candidate sets completely or only from the representatives, and (B) whether there is a single representative for each candidate set or the choice of representative is independent for each pair of candidate sets.
For fixed q, we give approximation algorithms for each of these problems that match the best known approximation guarantee for Multiway Cut. Our technical contribution is a new extension of the CKR relaxation that preserves approximation guarantees. For general q, we show o(log q)-inapproximability for all cases where the choice of representatives may depend on the pair of candidate sets, as well as for the case where the goal is to separate a fixed node from a single representative from each candidate set. As a positive result, we give a 2-approximation algorithm for the case where we need to choose a single representative from each candidate set. This is a generalization of the (2-2/k)-approximation for k-Cut, and we can solve it by relating the tree case to optimization over a gammoid.
https://drops.dagstuhl.de/storage/00lipics/lipics-vol306-mfcs2024/LIPIcs.MFCS.2024.25/LIPIcs.MFCS.2024.25.pdf
Approximation algorithms
Multiway cut
CKR relaxation
Steiner multicut