The Complexity Landscape of Fixed-Parameter Directed Steiner Network Problems (Invited Talk)
Given a directed graph G and a list (s_1,t_1), ..., (s_k,t_k) of terminal pairs, the Directed Steiner Network problem asks for a minimum-cost subgraph of G that contains a directed s_i-> t_i path for every 1<= i <= k. Feldman and Ruhl presented an n^{O(k)} time algorithm for the problem, which shows that it is polynomial-time solvable for every fixed number k of demands. There are special cases of the problem that can be solved much more efficiently: for example, the special case Directed Steiner Tree (when we ask for paths from a root r to terminals t_1, ..., t_k) is known to be fixed-parameter tractable parameterized by the number of terminals, that is, algorithms with running time of the form f(k)*n^{O(1)} exist for the problem. On the other hand, the special case Strongly Connected Steiner Subgraph (when we ask for a path from every t_i to every other t_j) is known to be W[1]-hard parameterized by the number of terminals, hence it is unlikely to be fixed-parameter tractable. In the talk, we survey results on parameterized algorithms for special cases of Directed Steiner Network, including a recent complete classification result (joint work with Andreas Feldmann) that systematically explores the complexity landscape of directed Steiner problems to fully understand which special cases are FPT or W[1]-hard.
Directed Steiner Tree
Directed Steiner Network
fixed-parameter tractability
dichotomy
32:1-32:1
Invited Talk
Dániel
Marx
Dániel Marx
10.4230/LIPIcs.SWAT.2016.32
Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported license
https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/legalcode