eng
Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik
Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics
1868-8969
2024-06-06
56:1
56:15
10.4230/LIPIcs.SoCG.2024.56
article
Light, Reliable Spanners
Filtser, Arnold
1
Gitlitz, Yuval
2
Neiman, Ofer
2
Bar-Ilan University, Ramat-Gan, Israel
Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, Be'er Sheva, Israel
A ν-reliable spanner of a metric space (X,d), is a (dominating) graph H, such that for any possible failure set B ⊆ X, there is a set B^+ just slightly larger |B^+| ≤ (1+ν)⋅|B|, and all distances between pairs in X⧵B^+ are (approximately) preserved in H⧵B. Recently, there have been several works on sparse reliable spanners in various settings, but so far, the weight of such spanners has not been analyzed at all. In this work, we initiate the study of light reliable spanners, whose weight is proportional to that of the Minimum Spanning Tree (MST) of X.
We first observe that unlike sparsity, the lightness of any deterministic reliable spanner is huge, even for the metric of the simple path graph. Therefore, randomness must be used: an oblivious reliable spanner is a distribution over spanners, and the bound on |B^+| holds in expectation.
We devise an oblivious ν-reliable (2+2/(k-1))-spanner for any k-HST, whose lightness is ≈ ν^{-2}. We demonstrate a matching Ω(ν^{-2}) lower bound on the lightness (for any finite stretch). We also note that any stretch below 2 must incur linear lightness.
For general metrics, doubling metrics, and metrics arising from minor-free graphs, we construct light tree covers, in which every tree is a k-HST of low weight. Combining these covers with our results for k-HSTs, we obtain oblivious reliable light spanners for these metric spaces, with nearly optimal parameters. In particular, for doubling metrics we get an oblivious ν-reliable (1+ε)-spanner with lightness ε^{-O(ddim)} ⋅ Õ(ν^{-2}⋅log n), which is best possible (up to lower order terms).
https://drops.dagstuhl.de/storage/00lipics/lipics-vol293-socg2024/LIPIcs.SoCG.2024.56/LIPIcs.SoCG.2024.56.pdf
light spanner
reliable spanner
HST cover
doubling metric
minor free graphs