eng
Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik
Open Access Series in Informatics
2190-6807
2009-11-25
21
21
10.4230/OASIcs.CCA.2009.2254
article
Theory and Practice of Higher-type Computation (Tutorial)
Escardó, Martin
In higher-type computation, established by Kleene and Kreisel in the late 1950's (independently), one works with the data types obtained from the discrete natural numbers by closing under finite products and function spaces. For the theory of higher-type programming languages, it is natural to work with a corresponding hierarchy, or type structure, of domains, identified by Ershov and Scott in the late 1960's (again independently). The Kleene-Kreisel and Ershov-Scott hierarchies account for total and partial computation respectively.
In this tutorial I'll explain the theory and practice of higher-type computation and programming languages, and develop old and new applications.
From a theoretical point of view, I'll present Kleene-Kreisel spaces and Ershov-Scott domains, and relate the two. Moreover, I'll discuss common generalizations, chiefly QCB spaces and equilogical spaces, which admit further useful closure properties, and their relationship to TTE (Schroeder, Simpson. Scott, Bauer, Weihrauch and many others). I'll also present a natural higher-type model of computation/programming language, namely PCF (Platek, Scott, Plotkin).
From a practical point of view, I'll introduce a fragment of the language Haskell as a faithful implementation of PCF. Moreover, I'll develop and run several examples (and prove theorems about them), pertaining to (i) exhaustive search of infinite sets in finite time in particular Ulrich Berger's algorithm and generalizations), and (ii) computation with real numbers (in particular Alex Simpson's integration algorithm and generalizations).
https://drops.dagstuhl.de/storage/01oasics/oasics-vol011-cca2009/OASIcs.CCA.2009.2254/OASIcs.CCA.2009.2254.pdf
Higher-type computation
domain theory
Kleene-Kreisel spaces
Ershov-Scott domains
QCB spaces
equilogical spaces
PCF