License: Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported license (CC-BY 3.0)
When quoting this document, please refer to the following
DOI: 10.4230/LIPIcs.TQC.2019.8
URN: urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-104005
URL: https://drops.dagstuhl.de/opus/volltexte/2019/10400/
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Gosset, David ; Smolin, John

A Compressed Classical Description of Quantum States

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LIPIcs-TQC-2019-8.pdf (0.4 MB)


Abstract

We show how to approximately represent a quantum state using the square root of the usual amount of classical memory. The classical representation of an n-qubit state psi consists of its inner products with O(sqrt{2^n}) stabilizer states. A quantum state initially specified by its 2^n entries in the computational basis can be compressed to this form in time O(2^n poly(n)), and, subsequently, the compressed description can be used to additively approximate the expectation value of an arbitrary observable. Our compression scheme directly gives a new protocol for the vector in subspace problem with randomized one-way communication complexity that matches (up to polylogarithmic factors) the optimal upper bound, due to Raz. We obtain an exponential improvement over Raz's protocol in terms of computational efficiency.

BibTeX - Entry

@InProceedings{gosset_et_al:LIPIcs:2019:10400,
  author =	{David Gosset and John Smolin},
  title =	{{A Compressed Classical Description of Quantum States}},
  booktitle =	{14th Conference on the Theory of Quantum Computation, Communication and Cryptography (TQC 2019)},
  pages =	{8:1--8:9},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-112-2},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2019},
  volume =	{135},
  editor =	{Wim van Dam and Laura Mancinska},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl--Leibniz-Zentrum fuer Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{http://drops.dagstuhl.de/opus/volltexte/2019/10400},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-104005},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.TQC.2019.8},
  annote =	{Keywords: Quantum computation, Quantum communication complexity, Classical simulation}
}

Keywords: Quantum computation, Quantum communication complexity, Classical simulation
Collection: 14th Conference on the Theory of Quantum Computation, Communication and Cryptography (TQC 2019)
Issue Date: 2019
Date of publication: 31.05.2019


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