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DOI: 10.4230/LIPIcs.FSTTCS.2019.13
URN: urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-115750
URL: https://drops.dagstuhl.de/opus/volltexte/2019/11575/
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Dreier, Jan ; Rossmanith, Peter

Motif Counting in Preferential Attachment Graphs

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Abstract

Network motifs are small patterns that occur in a network significantly more often than expected. They have gathered a lot of interest, as they may describe functional dependencies of complex networks and yield insights into their basic structure [Milo et al., 2002]. Therefore, a large amount of work went into the development of methods for network motif detection in complex networks [Kashtan et al., 2004; Schreiber and Schwöbbermeyer, 2005; Chen et al., 2006; Wernicke, 2006; Grochow and Kellis, 2007; Alon et al., 2008; Omidi et al., 2009]. The underlying problem of motif detection is to count how often a copy of a pattern graph H occurs in a target graph G. This problem is #W[1]-hard when parameterized by the size of H [Flum and Grohe, 2004] and cannot be solved in time f(|H|)n^o(|H|) under #ETH [Chen et al., 2005]. Preferential attachment graphs [Barabási and Albert, 1999] are a very popular random graph model designed to mimic complex networks. They are constructed by a random process that iteratively adds vertices and attaches them preferentially to vertices that already have high degree. Preferential attachment has been empirically observed in real growing networks [Newman, 2001; Jeong et al., 2003]. We show that one can count subgraph copies of a graph H in the preferential attachment graph G^n_m (with n vertices and nm edges, where m is usually a small constant) in expected time f(|H|) m^O(|H|^6) log(n)^O(|H|^12) n. This means the motif counting problem can be solved in expected quasilinear FPT time on preferential attachment graphs with respect to the parameters |H| and m. In particular, for fixed H and m the expected run time is O(n^(1+epsilon)) for every epsilon>0. Our results are obtained using new concentration bounds for degrees in preferential attachment graphs. Assume the (total) degree of a set of vertices at a time t of the random process is d. We show that if d is sufficiently large then the degree of the same set at a later time n is likely to be in the interval (1 +/- epsilon)d sqrt(n/t) (for epsilon > 0) for all n >= t. More specifically, the probability that this interval is left is exponentially small in d.

BibTeX - Entry

@InProceedings{dreier_et_al:LIPIcs:2019:11575,
  author =	{Jan Dreier and Peter Rossmanith},
  title =	{{Motif Counting in Preferential Attachment Graphs}},
  booktitle =	{39th IARCS Annual Conference on Foundations of Software Technology and Theoretical Computer Science (FSTTCS 2019)},
  pages =	{13:1--13:14},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-131-3},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2019},
  volume =	{150},
  editor =	{Arkadev Chattopadhyay and Paul Gastin},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl--Leibniz-Zentrum fuer Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/opus/volltexte/2019/11575},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-115750},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.FSTTCS.2019.13},
  annote =	{Keywords: random graphs, motif counting, average case analysis, preferential attachment graphs}
}

Keywords: random graphs, motif counting, average case analysis, preferential attachment graphs
Seminar: 39th IARCS Annual Conference on Foundations of Software Technology and Theoretical Computer Science (FSTTCS 2019)
Issue Date: 2019
Date of publication: 10.12.2019


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