License: Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International license (CC BY 4.0)
When quoting this document, please refer to the following
DOI: 10.4230/LIPIcs.STACS.2021.21
URN: urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-136663
URL: https://drops.dagstuhl.de/opus/volltexte/2021/13666/
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Censor-Hillel, Keren ; Leitersdorf, Dean ; Polosukhin, Volodymyr

Distance Computations in the Hybrid Network Model via Oracle Simulations

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LIPIcs-STACS-2021-21.pdf (0.9 MB)


Abstract

The Hybrid network model was introduced in [Augustine et al., SODA '20] for laying down a theoretical foundation for networks which combine two possible modes of communication: One mode allows high-bandwidth communication with neighboring nodes, and the other allows low-bandwidth communication over few long-range connections at a time. This fundamentally abstracts networks such as hybrid data centers, and class-based software-defined networks.
Our technical contribution is a density-aware approach that allows us to simulate a set of oracles for an overlay skeleton graph over a Hybrid network.
As applications of our oracle simulations, with additional machinery that we provide, we derive fast algorithms for fundamental distance-related tasks. One of our core contributions is an algorithm in the Hybrid model for computing exact weighted shortest paths from Õ(n^{1/3}) sources which completes in Õ(n^{1/3}) rounds w.h.p. This improves, in both the runtime and the number of sources, upon the algorithm of [Kuhn and Schneider, PODC ’20], which computes shortest paths from a single source in Õ(n^{2/5}) rounds w.h.p.
We additionally show a 2-approximation for weighted diameter and a (1+ε)-approximation for unweighted diameter, both in Õ(n^{1/3}) rounds w.h.p., which is comparable to the ̃ Ω(n^{1/3}) lower bound of [Kuhn and Schneider, PODC ’20] for a (2-ε)-approximation for weighted diameter and an exact unweighted diameter. We also provide fast distance approximations from multiple sources and fast approximations for eccentricities.

BibTeX - Entry

@InProceedings{censorhillel_et_al:LIPIcs.STACS.2021.21,
  author =	{Censor-Hillel, Keren and Leitersdorf, Dean and Polosukhin, Volodymyr},
  title =	{{Distance Computations in the Hybrid Network Model via Oracle Simulations}},
  booktitle =	{38th International Symposium on Theoretical Aspects of Computer Science (STACS 2021)},
  pages =	{21:1--21:19},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-180-1},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2021},
  volume =	{187},
  editor =	{Bl\"{a}ser, Markus and Monmege, Benjamin},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/opus/volltexte/2021/13666},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-136663},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.STACS.2021.21},
  annote =	{Keywords: Distributed graph algorithms, Hybrid network model, Distance computations}
}

Keywords: Distributed graph algorithms, Hybrid network model, Distance computations
Collection: 38th International Symposium on Theoretical Aspects of Computer Science (STACS 2021)
Issue Date: 2021
Date of publication: 10.03.2021


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