License: Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International license (CC BY 4.0)
When quoting this document, please refer to the following
DOI: 10.4230/LIPIcs.MFCS.2022.56
URN: urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-168545
URL: https://drops.dagstuhl.de/opus/volltexte/2022/16854/
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Haviv, Ishay ; Parnas, Michal

On the Binary and Boolean Rank of Regular Matrices

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LIPIcs-MFCS-2022-56.pdf (0.6 MB)


Abstract

A 0,1 matrix is said to be regular if all of its rows and columns have the same number of ones. We prove that for infinitely many integers k, there exists a square regular 0,1 matrix with binary rank k, such that the Boolean rank of its complement is k^Ω̃(log k). Equivalently, the ones in the matrix can be partitioned into k combinatorial rectangles, whereas the number of rectangles needed for any cover of its zeros is k^Ω̃(log k). This settles, in a strong form, a question of Pullman (Linear Algebra Appl., 1988) and a conjecture of Hefner, Henson, Lundgren, and Maybee (Congr. Numer., 1990). The result can be viewed as a regular analogue of a recent result of Balodis, Ben-David, Göös, Jain, and Kothari (FOCS, 2021), motivated by the clique vs. independent set problem in communication complexity and by the (disproved) Alon-Saks-Seymour conjecture in graph theory. As an application of the produced regular matrices, we obtain regular counterexamples to the Alon-Saks-Seymour conjecture and prove that for infinitely many integers k, there exists a regular graph with biclique partition number k and chromatic number k^Ω̃(log k).

BibTeX - Entry

@InProceedings{haviv_et_al:LIPIcs.MFCS.2022.56,
  author =	{Haviv, Ishay and Parnas, Michal},
  title =	{{On the Binary and Boolean Rank of Regular Matrices}},
  booktitle =	{47th International Symposium on Mathematical Foundations of Computer Science (MFCS 2022)},
  pages =	{56:1--56:14},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-256-3},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2022},
  volume =	{241},
  editor =	{Szeider, Stefan and Ganian, Robert and Silva, Alexandra},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/opus/volltexte/2022/16854},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-168545},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.MFCS.2022.56},
  annote =	{Keywords: Binary rank, Boolean rank, Regular matrices, Non-deterministic communication complexity, Biclique partition number, Chromatic number}
}

Keywords: Binary rank, Boolean rank, Regular matrices, Non-deterministic communication complexity, Biclique partition number, Chromatic number
Collection: 47th International Symposium on Mathematical Foundations of Computer Science (MFCS 2022)
Issue Date: 2022
Date of publication: 22.08.2022


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