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DOI: 10.4230/LIPIcs.STACS.2010.2475
URN: urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-24753
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Hirsch, Edward A. ; Itsykson, Dmitry

On Optimal Heuristic Randomized Semidecision Procedures, with Application to Proof Complexity

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The existence of a ($p$-)optimal propositional proof system is a major open question in (proof) complexity; many people conjecture that such systems do not exist. Kraj\'{\i}\v{c}ek and Pudl\'{a}k \cite{KP} show that this question is equivalent to the existence of an algorithm that is optimal\footnote{Recent papers \cite{Monroe} call such algorithms \emph{$p$-optimal} while traditionally Levin's algorithm was called \emph{optimal}. We follow the older tradition. Also there is some mess in terminology here, thus please see formal definitions in Sect.~\ref{sec:prelim} below.} on all propositional tautologies. Monroe \cite{Monroe} recently gave a conjecture implying that such algorithm does not exist. We show that in the presence of errors such optimal algorithms \emph{do} exist. The concept is motivated by the notion of heuristic algorithms. Namely, we allow the algorithm to claim a small number of false ``theorems'' (according to any polynomial-time samplable distribution on non-tautologies) and err with bounded probability on other inputs. Our result can also be viewed as the existence of an optimal proof system in a class of proof systems obtained by generalizing automatizable proof systems.

BibTeX - Entry

  author =	{Edward A. Hirsch and Dmitry Itsykson},
  title =	{{On Optimal Heuristic Randomized Semidecision Procedures, with Application to Proof Complexity}},
  booktitle =	{27th International Symposium on Theoretical Aspects of Computer Science},
  pages =	{453--464},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-939897-16-3},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2010},
  volume =	{5},
  editor =	{Jean-Yves Marion and Thomas Schwentick},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl--Leibniz-Zentrum fuer Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-24753},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.STACS.2010.2475},
  annote =	{Keywords: Propositional proof complexity, optimal algorithm}

Keywords: Propositional proof complexity, optimal algorithm
Collection: 27th International Symposium on Theoretical Aspects of Computer Science
Issue Date: 2010
Date of publication: 09.03.2010

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