License: Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported license (CC-BY 3.0)
When quoting this document, please refer to the following
DOI: 10.4230/LIPIcs.ICALP.2018.105
URN: urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-91099
URL: https://drops.dagstuhl.de/opus/volltexte/2018/9109/
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Berger, Ben ; Brakerski, Zvika

Brief Announcement: Zero-Knowledge Protocols for Search Problems

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LIPIcs-ICALP-2018-105.pdf (0.2 MB)


Abstract

We consider natural ways to extend the notion of Zero-Knowledge (ZK) Proofs beyond decision problems. Specifically, we consider search problems, and define zero-knowledge proofs in this context as interactive protocols in which the prover can establish the correctness of a solution to a given instance without the verifier learning anything beyond the intended solution, even if it deviates from the protocol. The goal of this work is to initiate a study of Search Zero-Knowledge (search-ZK), the class of search problems for which such systems exist. This class trivially contains search problems where the validity of a solution can be efficiently verified (using a single message proof containing only the solution). A slightly less obvious, but still straightforward, way to obtain zero-knowledge proofs for search problems is to let the prover send a solution and prove in zero-knowledge that the instance-solution pair is valid. However, there may be other ways to obtain such zero-knowledge proofs, and they may be more advantageous. In fact, we prove that there are search problems for which the aforementioned approach fails, but still search zero-knowledge protocols exist. On the other hand, we show sufficient conditions for search problems under which some form of zero-knowledge can be obtained using the straightforward way.

BibTeX - Entry

@InProceedings{berger_et_al:LIPIcs:2018:9109,
  author =	{Ben Berger and Zvika Brakerski},
  title =	{{Brief Announcement: Zero-Knowledge Protocols for Search Problems}},
  booktitle =	{45th International Colloquium on Automata, Languages, and  Programming (ICALP 2018)},
  pages =	{105:1--105:5},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-076-7},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2018},
  volume =	{107},
  editor =	{Ioannis Chatzigiannakis and Christos Kaklamanis and D{\'a}niel Marx and Donald Sannella},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl--Leibniz-Zentrum fuer Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{http://drops.dagstuhl.de/opus/volltexte/2018/9109},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-91099},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.ICALP.2018.105},
  annote =	{Keywords: Zero-Knowledge, Search Problems, Interactive Proofs}
}

Keywords: Zero-Knowledge, Search Problems, Interactive Proofs
Collection: 45th International Colloquium on Automata, Languages, and Programming (ICALP 2018)
Issue Date: 2018
Date of publication: 04.07.2018


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