License: Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported license (CC-BY 3.0)
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DOI: 10.4230/LIPIcs.ESA.2018.66
URN: urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-95299
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Ivanyos, Gábor ; Prakash, Anupam ; Santha, Miklos

On Learning Linear Functions from Subset and Its Applications in Quantum Computing

LIPIcs-ESA-2018-66.pdf (0.4 MB)


Let F_{q} be the finite field of size q and let l: F_{q}^{n} -> F_{q} be a linear function. We introduce the Learning From Subset problem LFS(q,n,d) of learning l, given samples u in F_{q}^{n} from a special distribution depending on l: the probability of sampling u is a function of l(u) and is non zero for at most d values of l(u). We provide a randomized algorithm for LFS(q,n,d) with sample complexity (n+d)^{O(d)} and running time polynomial in log q and (n+d)^{O(d)}. Our algorithm generalizes and improves upon previous results [Friedl et al., 2014; Gábor Ivanyos, 2008] that had provided algorithms for LFS(q,n,q-1) with running time (n+q)^{O(q)}. We further present applications of our result to the Hidden Multiple Shift problem HMS(q,n,r) in quantum computation where the goal is to determine the hidden shift s given oracle access to r shifted copies of an injective function f: Z_{q}^{n} -> {0, 1}^{l}, that is we can make queries of the form f_{s}(x,h) = f(x-hs) where h can assume r possible values. We reduce HMS(q,n,r) to LFS(q,n, q-r+1) to obtain a polynomial time algorithm for HMS(q,n,r) when q=n^{O(1)} is prime and q-r=O(1). The best known algorithms [Andrew M. Childs and Wim van Dam, 2007; Friedl et al., 2014] for HMS(q,n,r) with these parameters require exponential time.

BibTeX - Entry

  author =	{G{\'a}bor Ivanyos and Anupam Prakash and Miklos Santha},
  title =	{{On Learning Linear Functions from Subset and Its Applications in Quantum Computing}},
  booktitle =	{26th Annual European Symposium on Algorithms (ESA 2018)},
  pages =	{66:1--66:14},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-081-1},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2018},
  volume =	{112},
  editor =	{Yossi Azar and Hannah Bast and Grzegorz Herman},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl--Leibniz-Zentrum fuer Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-95299},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.ESA.2018.66},
  annote =	{Keywords: Learning from subset, hidden shift problem, quantum algorithms, linearization}

Keywords: Learning from subset, hidden shift problem, quantum algorithms, linearization
Collection: 26th Annual European Symposium on Algorithms (ESA 2018)
Issue Date: 2018
Date of publication: 14.08.2018

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