Schloss Dagstuhl - Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik GmbH Schloss Dagstuhl - Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik GmbH scholarly article en Dumitrescu, Theodor; Kepper, Johannes; Kornstädt, Andreas; Röwenstruck, Daniel; Roland, Perry; Sapp, Craig; Selfridge-Field, Eleanor License
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URN: urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-19716

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The Dagstuhl Core



A substantial number of workshop attendees were involved in an extensive discussion of
musical features for which software support is desirable in the context of scholarly
research and applications (printing, analysis, editing of virtual materials, and other
activities). Some ability to interchange data among applications is also highly desired.
At the present time (early 2009) two XML descriptions for music have been extensively
discussed at other meetings and workshops. These are MusicXML (commercial) and the
Music Encoding Initiative (MEI; non-commercial).

Over continuing discussion in ensuing days, a list of ``core'' features was developed by a
group including Ted Dumitrescu, Johannes Kepper, Andreas Kornstaedt, Daniel
Roewenstrunk, Perry Roland, and Eleanor Selfridge-Field. Additional input was received
from Craig Sapp, who has translated extensively among four of the five data
representation schemes (Humdrum Kern, MuseData, SCORE, and MusicXML)
compared on the ``core'' feature list. (At the present time, no software to implement MEI
is available.) The representation schemes were chosen because of the extensive
repositories of music that already exist in them.

The list is a work-in-progress. A wiki (restricted access) has been set up at After a short phase of refinement, it will be made
available more widely.

The Dagstuhl Core is a means to facilitate the use of existing and creation of new polyphonic CWN corpora (1650-1935) by educating users about the possibilities and limitations of graphemic, application- independent music data formats and the quality of programs that convert between them.

It provides a feature list for each format/converter containing ``Yes''/``No''/``by Extension'' with a concise description how the given feature can (not) be realised in a given format / by a given converter.

Serving as a frame of reference for parties interested in using encoded music, as well as creating corpora, formats, and converters, the vast majority of Dagstuhl Core features should carry a ``Yes'' or ``by Extension'' for a music format to be considered a core format for representing music in CWN from 1650 to 1935.

The emphasis of the ``core'' is intended to be less on completeness than on ``essential
features'' that any representation approach intended for use in scholarly work should be
able to handle. It is currently focused on European classical music of the eighteenth and
nineteenth centuries.

BibTeX - Entry

  author =	{Dumitrescu, Theodor and Kepper, Johannes and Kornst\"{a}dt, Andreas and R\"{o}wenstruck, Daniel and Roland, Perry and Sapp, Craig and Selfridge-Field, Eleanor},
  title =	{{The Dagstuhl Core}},
  booktitle =	{Knowledge representation for intelligent music processing},
  pages =	{1--1},
  series =	{Dagstuhl Seminar Proceedings (DagSemProc)},
  ISSN =	{1862-4405},
  year =	{2009},
  volume =	{9051},
  editor =	{Eleanor Selfridge-Field and Frans Wiering and Geraint A. Wiggins},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-19716},
  doi =		{10.4230/DagSemProc.09051.6},
  annote =	{Keywords: Music encoding, music interchange formats}

Keywords: Music encoding, music interchange formats
Seminar: 09051 - Knowledge representation for intelligent music processing
Issue date: 2009
Date of publication: 02.04.2009

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