Schloss Dagstuhl - Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik GmbH Schloss Dagstuhl - Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik GmbH scholarly article en Hommelsheim, Felix; Mühlenthaler, Moritz; Schaudt, Oliver https://www.dagstuhl.de/lipics License: Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported license (CC-BY 3.0)
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URN: urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-102772
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How to Secure Matchings Against Edge Failures

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Abstract

Suppose we are given a bipartite graph that admits a perfect matching and an adversary may delete any edge from the graph with the intention of destroying all perfect matchings. We consider the task of adding a minimum cost edge-set to the graph, such that the adversary never wins. We show that this problem is equivalent to covering a digraph with non-trivial strongly connected components at minimal cost. We provide efficient exact and approximation algorithms for this task. In particular, for the unit-cost problem, we give a log_2 n-factor approximation algorithm and a polynomial-time algorithm for chordal-bipartite graphs. Furthermore, we give a fixed parameter algorithm for the problem parameterized by the treewidth of the input graph. For general non-negative weights we give tight upper and lower approximation bounds relative to the Directed Steiner Forest problem. Additionally we prove a dichotomy theorem characterizing minor-closed graph classes which allow for a polynomial-time algorithm. To obtain our results, we exploit a close relation to the classical Strong Connectivity Augmentation problem as well as directed Steiner problems.

BibTeX - Entry

@InProceedings{hommelsheim_et_al:LIPIcs:2019:10277,
  author =	{Felix Hommelsheim and Moritz M{\"u}hlenthaler and Oliver Schaudt},
  title =	{{How to Secure Matchings Against Edge Failures}},
  booktitle =	{36th International Symposium on Theoretical Aspects of Computer Science (STACS 2019)},
  pages =	{38:1--38:16},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-100-9},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2019},
  volume =	{126},
  editor =	{Rolf Niedermeier and Christophe Paul},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl--Leibniz-Zentrum fuer Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{http://drops.dagstuhl.de/opus/volltexte/2019/10277},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.STACS.2019.38},
  annote =	{Keywords: Matchings, Robustness, Connectivity Augmentation, Graph Algorithms, Treewidth}
}

Keywords: Matchings, Robustness, Connectivity Augmentation, Graph Algorithms, Treewidth
Seminar: 36th International Symposium on Theoretical Aspects of Computer Science (STACS 2019)
Issue date: 2019
Date of publication: 12.03.2019


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