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Documents authored by Berg, Jeremias


Document
Preprocessing in SAT-Based Multi-Objective Combinatorial Optimization

Authors: Christoph Jabs, Jeremias Berg, Hannes Ihalainen, and Matti Järvisalo

Published in: LIPIcs, Volume 280, 29th International Conference on Principles and Practice of Constraint Programming (CP 2023)


Abstract
Building on Boolean satisfiability (SAT) and maximum satisfiability (MaxSAT) solving algorithms, several approaches to computing Pareto-optimal MaxSAT solutions under multiple objectives have been recently proposed. However, preprocessing in (Max)SAT-based multi-objective optimization remains so-far unexplored. Generalizing clause redundancy to the multi-objective setting, we establish provably-correct liftings of MaxSAT preprocessing techniques for multi-objective MaxSAT in terms of computing Pareto-optimal solutions. We also establish preservation of Pareto-MCSes - the multi-objective lifting of minimal correction sets tightly connected to optimal MaxSAT solutions - as a distinguishing feature between different redundancy notions in the multi-objective setting. Furthermore, we provide a first empirical evaluation of the effect of preprocessing on instance sizes and multi-objective MaxSAT solvers.

Cite as

Christoph Jabs, Jeremias Berg, Hannes Ihalainen, and Matti Järvisalo. Preprocessing in SAT-Based Multi-Objective Combinatorial Optimization. In 29th International Conference on Principles and Practice of Constraint Programming (CP 2023). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 280, pp. 18:1-18:20, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2023)


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@InProceedings{jabs_et_al:LIPIcs.CP.2023.18,
  author =	{Jabs, Christoph and Berg, Jeremias and Ihalainen, Hannes and J\"{a}rvisalo, Matti},
  title =	{{Preprocessing in SAT-Based Multi-Objective Combinatorial Optimization}},
  booktitle =	{29th International Conference on Principles and Practice of Constraint Programming (CP 2023)},
  pages =	{18:1--18:20},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-300-3},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2023},
  volume =	{280},
  editor =	{Yap, Roland H. C.},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.CP.2023.18},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-190553},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.CP.2023.18},
  annote =	{Keywords: maximum satisfiability, multi-objective combinatorial optimization, preprocessing, redundancy}
}
Document
MaxSAT-Based Bi-Objective Boolean Optimization

Authors: Christoph Jabs, Jeremias Berg, Andreas Niskanen, and Matti Järvisalo

Published in: LIPIcs, Volume 236, 25th International Conference on Theory and Applications of Satisfiability Testing (SAT 2022)


Abstract
We explore a maximum satisfiability (MaxSAT) based approach to bi-objective optimization. Bi-objective optimization refers to the task of finding so-called Pareto-optimal solutions in terms of two objective functions. Bi-objective optimization problems naturally arise in various real-world settings. For example, in the context of learning interpretable representations, such as decision rules, from data, one wishes to balance between two objectives, the classification error and the size of the representation. Our approach is generally applicable to bi-objective optimizations which allow for propositional encodings. The approach makes heavy use of incremental Boolean satisfiability (SAT) solving and draws inspiration from modern MaxSAT solving approaches. In particular, we describe several variants of the approach which arise from different approaches to MaxSAT solving. In addition to computing a single representative solution per each point of the Pareto front, the approach allows for enumerating all Pareto-optimal solutions. We empirically compare the efficiency of the approach to recent competing approaches, showing practical benefits of our approach in the contexts of learning interpretable classification rules and bi-objective set covering.

Cite as

Christoph Jabs, Jeremias Berg, Andreas Niskanen, and Matti Järvisalo. MaxSAT-Based Bi-Objective Boolean Optimization. In 25th International Conference on Theory and Applications of Satisfiability Testing (SAT 2022). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 236, pp. 12:1-12:23, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2022)


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@InProceedings{jabs_et_al:LIPIcs.SAT.2022.12,
  author =	{Jabs, Christoph and Berg, Jeremias and Niskanen, Andreas and J\"{a}rvisalo, Matti},
  title =	{{MaxSAT-Based Bi-Objective Boolean Optimization}},
  booktitle =	{25th International Conference on Theory and Applications of Satisfiability Testing (SAT 2022)},
  pages =	{12:1--12:23},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-242-6},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2022},
  volume =	{236},
  editor =	{Meel, Kuldeep S. and Strichman, Ofer},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.SAT.2022.12},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-166863},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.SAT.2022.12},
  annote =	{Keywords: Multi-objective optimization, Pareto front enumeration, bi-objective optimization, maximum satisfiability, incremental SAT}
}
Document
Improvements to the Implicit Hitting Set Approach to Pseudo-Boolean Optimization

Authors: Pavel Smirnov, Jeremias Berg, and Matti Järvisalo

Published in: LIPIcs, Volume 236, 25th International Conference on Theory and Applications of Satisfiability Testing (SAT 2022)


Abstract
The development of practical approaches to efficiently reasoning over pseudo-Boolean constraints has recently increasing attention as a natural generalization of Boolean satisfiability (SAT) solving. Analogously, solvers for pseudo-Boolean optimization draw inspiration from techniques developed for maximum satisfiability (MaxSAT) solving. Recently, the first practical solver lifting the implicit hitting set (IHS) approach - one of the most efficient approaches in modern MaxSAT solving - to the realm of PBO was developed, employing a PB solver as a core extractor together with an integer programming solver as a hitting set solver. In this work, we make practical improvements to the IHS approach to PBO. We propose the integration of solution-improving search to the PBO-IHS approach, resulting in a hybrid approach to PBO which makes use of both types of search towards an optimal solution. Furthermore, we explore the potential of different variants of core extraction within PBO-IHS - including recent advances in PB core extraction, allowing for extracting more general PB constraints compared to the at-least-one constraints typically relied on in IHS - in speeding up PBO-IHS search. We show that the empirical efficiency of PBO-IHS - recently shown to outperform other specialized PBO solvers - is further improved by the integration of these techniques.

Cite as

Pavel Smirnov, Jeremias Berg, and Matti Järvisalo. Improvements to the Implicit Hitting Set Approach to Pseudo-Boolean Optimization. In 25th International Conference on Theory and Applications of Satisfiability Testing (SAT 2022). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 236, pp. 13:1-13:18, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2022)


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@InProceedings{smirnov_et_al:LIPIcs.SAT.2022.13,
  author =	{Smirnov, Pavel and Berg, Jeremias and J\"{a}rvisalo, Matti},
  title =	{{Improvements to the Implicit Hitting Set Approach to Pseudo-Boolean Optimization}},
  booktitle =	{25th International Conference on Theory and Applications of Satisfiability Testing (SAT 2022)},
  pages =	{13:1--13:18},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-242-6},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2022},
  volume =	{236},
  editor =	{Meel, Kuldeep S. and Strichman, Ofer},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.SAT.2022.13},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-166871},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.SAT.2022.13},
  annote =	{Keywords: constraint optimization, pseudo-Boolean optimization, implicit hitting sets, solution-improving search, unsatisfiable cores}
}
Document
Incremental Maximum Satisfiability

Authors: Andreas Niskanen, Jeremias Berg, and Matti Järvisalo

Published in: LIPIcs, Volume 236, 25th International Conference on Theory and Applications of Satisfiability Testing (SAT 2022)


Abstract
Boolean satisfiability (SAT) solvers allow for incremental computations, which is key to efficient employment of SAT solvers iteratively for developing complex decision and optimization procedures, including maximum satisfiability (MaxSAT) solvers. However, enabling incremental computations on the level of constraint optimization remains a noticeable challenge. While incremental computations have been identified to have great potential in speeding up MaxSAT-based approaches for solving various real-world optimization problems, enabling incremental computations in MaxSAT remains to most extent unexplored. In this work, we contribute towards making incremental MaxSAT solving a reality. Firstly, building on the IPASIR interface for incremental SAT solving, we propose the IPAMIR interface for implementing incremental MaxSAT solvers and for developing applications making use of incremental MaxSAT. Secondly, we expand our recent adaptation of the implicit hitting set based MaxHS MaxSAT solver to a fully-fledged incremental MaxSAT solver in terms of implementing the IPAMIR specification in full, and detail in particular how, in addition to weight changes, assumptions are enabled without losing incrementality. Thirdly, we provide further empirical evidence on the benefits of incremental MaxSAT solving under assumptions.

Cite as

Andreas Niskanen, Jeremias Berg, and Matti Järvisalo. Incremental Maximum Satisfiability. In 25th International Conference on Theory and Applications of Satisfiability Testing (SAT 2022). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 236, pp. 14:1-14:19, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2022)


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@InProceedings{niskanen_et_al:LIPIcs.SAT.2022.14,
  author =	{Niskanen, Andreas and Berg, Jeremias and J\"{a}rvisalo, Matti},
  title =	{{Incremental Maximum Satisfiability}},
  booktitle =	{25th International Conference on Theory and Applications of Satisfiability Testing (SAT 2022)},
  pages =	{14:1--14:19},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-242-6},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2022},
  volume =	{236},
  editor =	{Meel, Kuldeep S. and Strichman, Ofer},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.SAT.2022.14},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-166885},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.SAT.2022.14},
  annote =	{Keywords: maximum satisfiability, MaxSAT, incremental optimization, API, implicit hitting set approach}
}
Document
Refined Core Relaxation for Core-Guided MaxSAT Solving

Authors: Hannes Ihalainen, Jeremias Berg, and Matti Järvisalo

Published in: LIPIcs, Volume 210, 27th International Conference on Principles and Practice of Constraint Programming (CP 2021)


Abstract
Maximum satisfiability (MaxSAT) is a viable approach to solving NP-hard optimization problems. In the realm of core-guided MaxSAT solving - one of the most effective MaxSAT solving paradigms today - algorithmic variants employing so-called soft cardinality constraints have proven very effective. In this work, we propose to combine weight-aware core extraction (WCE) - a recently proposed approach that enables relaxing multiple cores instead of a single one during iterations of core-guided search - with a novel form of structure sharing in the cardinality-based core relaxation steps performed in core-guided MaxSAT solvers. In particular, the proposed form of structure sharing is enabled by WCE, which has so-far not been widely integrated to MaxSAT solvers, and allows for introducing fewer variables and clauses during the MaxSAT solving process. Our results show that the proposed techniques allow for avoiding potential overheads in the context of soft cardinality constraint based core-guided MaxSAT solving both in theory and in practice. In particular, the combination of WCE and structure sharing improves the runtime performance of a state-of-the-art core-guided MaxSAT solver implementing the central OLL algorithm.

Cite as

Hannes Ihalainen, Jeremias Berg, and Matti Järvisalo. Refined Core Relaxation for Core-Guided MaxSAT Solving. In 27th International Conference on Principles and Practice of Constraint Programming (CP 2021). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 210, pp. 28:1-28:19, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2021)


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@InProceedings{ihalainen_et_al:LIPIcs.CP.2021.28,
  author =	{Ihalainen, Hannes and Berg, Jeremias and J\"{a}rvisalo, Matti},
  title =	{{Refined Core Relaxation for Core-Guided MaxSAT Solving}},
  booktitle =	{27th International Conference on Principles and Practice of Constraint Programming (CP 2021)},
  pages =	{28:1--28:19},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-211-2},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2021},
  volume =	{210},
  editor =	{Michel, Laurent D.},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.CP.2021.28},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-153197},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.CP.2021.28},
  annote =	{Keywords: maximum satisfiability, MaxSAT, core-guided MaxSAT solving}
}
Document
Enabling Incrementality in the Implicit Hitting Set Approach to MaxSAT Under Changing Weights

Authors: Andreas Niskanen, Jeremias Berg, and Matti Järvisalo

Published in: LIPIcs, Volume 210, 27th International Conference on Principles and Practice of Constraint Programming (CP 2021)


Abstract
Recent advances in solvers for the Boolean satisfiability (SAT) based optimization paradigm of maximum satisfiability (MaxSAT) have turned MaxSAT into a viable approach to finding provably optimal solutions for various types of hard optimization problems. In various types of real-world problem settings, a sequence of related optimization problems need to solved. This calls for studying ways of enabling incremental computations in MaxSAT, with the hope of speeding up the overall computation times. However, current state-of-the-art MaxSAT solvers offer no or limited forms of incrementality. In this work, we study ways of enabling incremental computations in the context of the implicit hitting set (IHS) approach to MaxSAT solving, as both one of the key MaxSAT solving approaches today and a relatively well-suited candidate for extending to incremental computations. In particular, motivated by several recent applications of MaxSAT in the context of interpretability in machine learning calling for this type of incrementality, we focus on enabling incrementality in IHS under changes to the objective function coefficients (i.e., to the weights of soft clauses). To this end, we explain to what extent different search techniques applied in IHS-based MaxSAT solving can and cannot be adapted to this incremental setting. As practical result, we develop an incremental version of an IHS MaxSAT solver, and show it provides significant runtime improvements in recent application settings which can benefit from incrementality but in which MaxSAT solvers have so-far been applied only non-incrementally, i.e., by calling a MaxSAT solver from scratch after each change to the problem instance at hand.

Cite as

Andreas Niskanen, Jeremias Berg, and Matti Järvisalo. Enabling Incrementality in the Implicit Hitting Set Approach to MaxSAT Under Changing Weights. In 27th International Conference on Principles and Practice of Constraint Programming (CP 2021). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 210, pp. 44:1-44:19, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2021)


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@InProceedings{niskanen_et_al:LIPIcs.CP.2021.44,
  author =	{Niskanen, Andreas and Berg, Jeremias and J\"{a}rvisalo, Matti},
  title =	{{Enabling Incrementality in the Implicit Hitting Set Approach to MaxSAT Under Changing Weights}},
  booktitle =	{27th International Conference on Principles and Practice of Constraint Programming (CP 2021)},
  pages =	{44:1--44:19},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-211-2},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2021},
  volume =	{210},
  editor =	{Michel, Laurent D.},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.CP.2021.44},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-153354},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.CP.2021.44},
  annote =	{Keywords: Constraint optimization, maximum satisfiability, MaxSAT, implicit hitting set approach}
}
Document
Pseudo-Boolean Optimization by Implicit Hitting Sets

Authors: Pavel Smirnov, Jeremias Berg, and Matti Järvisalo

Published in: LIPIcs, Volume 210, 27th International Conference on Principles and Practice of Constraint Programming (CP 2021)


Abstract
Recent developments in applying and extending Boolean satisfiability (SAT) based techniques have resulted in new types of approaches to pseudo-Boolean optimization (PBO), complementary to the more classical integer programming techniques. In this paper, we develop the first approach to pseudo-Boolean optimization based on instantiating the so-called implicit hitting set (IHS) approach, motivated by the success of IHS implementations for maximum satisfiability (MaxSAT). In particular, we harness recent advances in native reasoning techniques for pseudo-Boolean constraints, which enable efficiently identifying inconsistent assignments over subsets of objective function variables (i.e. unsatisfiable cores in the context of PBO), as a basis for developing a native IHS approach to PBO, and study the impact of various search techniques applicable in the context of IHS for PBO. Through an extensive empirical evaluation, we show that the IHS approach to PBO can outperform other currently available PBO solvers, and also provides a complementary approach to PBO when compared to classical integer programming techniques.

Cite as

Pavel Smirnov, Jeremias Berg, and Matti Järvisalo. Pseudo-Boolean Optimization by Implicit Hitting Sets. In 27th International Conference on Principles and Practice of Constraint Programming (CP 2021). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 210, pp. 51:1-51:20, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2021)


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@InProceedings{smirnov_et_al:LIPIcs.CP.2021.51,
  author =	{Smirnov, Pavel and Berg, Jeremias and J\"{a}rvisalo, Matti},
  title =	{{Pseudo-Boolean Optimization by Implicit Hitting Sets}},
  booktitle =	{27th International Conference on Principles and Practice of Constraint Programming (CP 2021)},
  pages =	{51:1--51:20},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-211-2},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2021},
  volume =	{210},
  editor =	{Michel, Laurent D.},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.CP.2021.51},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-153429},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.CP.2021.51},
  annote =	{Keywords: constraint optimization, pseudo-Boolean optimization, implicit hitting sets}
}