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**Published in:** LIPIcs, Volume 8, IARCS Annual Conference on Foundations of Software Technology and Theoretical Computer Science (FSTTCS 2010)

Consider a scenario where we need to schedule a set of jobs on a system offering some resource (such as electrical power or communication bandwidth), which we shall refer to as bandwidth. Each job consists of a set (or bag) of job instances. For each job instance, the input specifies the start time, finish time, bandwidth requirement and profit. The bandwidth offered by the system varies at different points of time and is specified as part of the input. A feasible solution is to choose a subset of instances such that at
any point of time, the sum of bandwidth requirements of the chosen instances does not exceed the bandwidth available at that point of time, and furthermore, at most one instance is picked from each job.
The goal is to find a maximum profit feasible solution. We study this problem under a natural assumption called the no-bottleneck assumption (NBA), wherein the bandwidth requirement of any job instance is at most the minimum bandwidth available. We present a simple, near-linear time constant factor approximation algorithm for this problem, under NBA. When each job consists of only one job instance, the above problem is the same as the well-studied unsplittable flow problem (UFP) on lines. A constant factor approximation algorithm is known for the UFP on line, under NBA.
Our result leads to an alternative constant factor approximation algorithm for this problem. Though the approximation ratio achieved by our algorithm is inferior, it is much simpler, deterministic and faster in comparison to the existing algorithms. Our algorithm runs in near-linear time ($O(n*log^2 n)$), whereas the running time of the known algorithms is a high order polynomial. The core idea behind our algorithm is a reduction from the varying bandwidth case to the easier uniform bandwidth case, using a technique that we call slicing.

Venkatesan T. Chakaravarthy, Anamitra R. Choudhury, and Yogish Sabharwal. A Near-linear Time Constant Factor Algorithm for Unsplittable Flow Problem on Line with Bag Constraints. In IARCS Annual Conference on Foundations of Software Technology and Theoretical Computer Science (FSTTCS 2010). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 8, pp. 181-191, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2010)

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@InProceedings{chakaravarthy_et_al:LIPIcs.FSTTCS.2010.181, author = {Chakaravarthy, Venkatesan T. and Choudhury, Anamitra R. and Sabharwal, Yogish}, title = {{A Near-linear Time Constant Factor Algorithm for Unsplittable Flow Problem on Line with Bag Constraints}}, booktitle = {IARCS Annual Conference on Foundations of Software Technology and Theoretical Computer Science (FSTTCS 2010)}, pages = {181--191}, series = {Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)}, ISBN = {978-3-939897-23-1}, ISSN = {1868-8969}, year = {2010}, volume = {8}, editor = {Lodaya, Kamal and Mahajan, Meena}, publisher = {Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik}, address = {Dagstuhl, Germany}, URL = {https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.FSTTCS.2010.181}, URN = {urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-28623}, doi = {10.4230/LIPIcs.FSTTCS.2010.181}, annote = {Keywords: Approximation Algorithms; Scheduling; Resource Allocation} }

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**Published in:** LIPIcs, Volume 24, IARCS Annual Conference on Foundations of Software Technology and Theoretical Computer Science (FSTTCS 2013)

In this paper, we study a class of set cover problems that satisfy a special property which we call the small neighborhood cover property.
This class encompasses several well-studied problems including vertex cover, interval cover, bag interval cover and tree cover. We design unified distributed and parallel algorithms that can handle any set cover problem falling under the above framework and yield constant factor approximations. These algorithms run in polylogarithmic communication rounds in the distributed setting and are in NC, in the parallel setting.

Archita Agarwal, Venkatesan T. Chakaravarthy, Anamitra Roy Choudhury, Sambuddha Roy, and Yogish Sabharwal. Distributed and Parallel Algorithms for Set Cover Problems with Small Neighborhood Covers. In IARCS Annual Conference on Foundations of Software Technology and Theoretical Computer Science (FSTTCS 2013). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 24, pp. 249-261, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2013)

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@InProceedings{agarwal_et_al:LIPIcs.FSTTCS.2013.249, author = {Agarwal, Archita and Chakaravarthy, Venkatesan T. and Choudhury, Anamitra Roy and Roy, Sambuddha and Sabharwal, Yogish}, title = {{Distributed and Parallel Algorithms for Set Cover Problems with Small Neighborhood Covers}}, booktitle = {IARCS Annual Conference on Foundations of Software Technology and Theoretical Computer Science (FSTTCS 2013)}, pages = {249--261}, series = {Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)}, ISBN = {978-3-939897-64-4}, ISSN = {1868-8969}, year = {2013}, volume = {24}, editor = {Seth, Anil and Vishnoi, Nisheeth K.}, publisher = {Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik}, address = {Dagstuhl, Germany}, URL = {https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.FSTTCS.2013.249}, URN = {urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-43775}, doi = {10.4230/LIPIcs.FSTTCS.2013.249}, annote = {Keywords: approximation algorithms, set cover problem, tree cover} }

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**Published in:** LIPIcs, Volume 24, IARCS Annual Conference on Foundations of Software Technology and Theoretical Computer Science (FSTTCS 2013)

We consider the Knapsack Covering problem subject to a matroid constraint. In this problem, we are given an universe U of n items where item i has attributes: a cost c(i) and a size s(i). We also have a demand D. We are also given a matroid M = (U, I) on the set U. A feasible solution S to the problem is one such that (i) the cumulative size of the items chosen is at least D, and (ii) the set S is independent in the matroid M (i.e. S is in I). The objective is to minimize the total cost of the items selected, sum_{i in S}c(i).
Our main result proves a 2-factor approximation for this problem.
The problem described above falls in the realm of mixed packing covering problems. We also consider packing extensions of certain other covering problems and prove that in such cases it is not possible to derive any constant factor pproximations.

Venkatesan T. Chakaravarthy, Anamitra Roy Choudhury, Sivaramakrishnan R. Natarajan, and Sambuddha Roy. Knapsack Cover Subject to a Matroid Constraint. In IARCS Annual Conference on Foundations of Software Technology and Theoretical Computer Science (FSTTCS 2013). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 24, pp. 275-286, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2013)

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@InProceedings{chakaravarthy_et_al:LIPIcs.FSTTCS.2013.275, author = {Chakaravarthy, Venkatesan T. and Choudhury, Anamitra Roy and Natarajan, Sivaramakrishnan R. and Roy, Sambuddha}, title = {{Knapsack Cover Subject to a Matroid Constraint}}, booktitle = {IARCS Annual Conference on Foundations of Software Technology and Theoretical Computer Science (FSTTCS 2013)}, pages = {275--286}, series = {Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)}, ISBN = {978-3-939897-64-4}, ISSN = {1868-8969}, year = {2013}, volume = {24}, editor = {Seth, Anil and Vishnoi, Nisheeth K.}, publisher = {Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik}, address = {Dagstuhl, Germany}, URL = {https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.FSTTCS.2013.275}, URN = {urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-43795}, doi = {10.4230/LIPIcs.FSTTCS.2013.275}, annote = {Keywords: Approximation Algorithms, LP rounding, Matroid Constraints, Knapsack problems} }