Document

**Published in:** LIPIcs, Volume 204, 29th Annual European Symposium on Algorithms (ESA 2021)

Given a hypergraph with uncertain node weights following known probability distributions, we study the problem of querying as few nodes as possible until the identity of a node with minimum weight can be determined for each hyperedge. Querying a node has a cost and reveals the precise weight of the node, drawn from the given probability distribution. Using competitive analysis, we compare the expected query cost of an algorithm with the expected cost of an optimal query set for the given instance. For the general case, we give a polynomial-time f(α)-competitive algorithm, where f(α) ∈ [1.618+ε,2] depends on the approximation ratio α for an underlying vertex cover problem. We also show that no algorithm using a similar approach can be better than 1.5-competitive. Furthermore, we give polynomial-time 4/3-competitive algorithms for bipartite graphs with arbitrary query costs and for hypergraphs with a single hyperedge and uniform query costs, with matching lower bounds.

Evripidis Bampis, Christoph Dürr, Thomas Erlebach, Murilo Santos de Lima, Nicole Megow, and Jens Schlöter. Orienting (Hyper)graphs Under Explorable Stochastic Uncertainty. In 29th Annual European Symposium on Algorithms (ESA 2021). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 204, pp. 10:1-10:18, Schloss Dagstuhl - Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2021)

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@InProceedings{bampis_et_al:LIPIcs.ESA.2021.10, author = {Bampis, Evripidis and D\"{u}rr, Christoph and Erlebach, Thomas and de Lima, Murilo Santos and Megow, Nicole and Schl\"{o}ter, Jens}, title = {{Orienting (Hyper)graphs Under Explorable Stochastic Uncertainty}}, booktitle = {29th Annual European Symposium on Algorithms (ESA 2021)}, pages = {10:1--10:18}, series = {Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)}, ISBN = {978-3-95977-204-4}, ISSN = {1868-8969}, year = {2021}, volume = {204}, editor = {Mutzel, Petra and Pagh, Rasmus and Herman, Grzegorz}, publisher = {Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik}, address = {Dagstuhl, Germany}, URL = {https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.ESA.2021.10}, URN = {urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-145910}, doi = {10.4230/LIPIcs.ESA.2021.10}, annote = {Keywords: Explorable uncertainty, queries, stochastic optimization, graph orientation, selection problems} }

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**Published in:** LIPIcs, Volume 151, 11th Innovations in Theoretical Computer Science Conference (ITCS 2020)

The advice model of online computation captures the setting in which the online algorithm is given some partial information concerning the request sequence. This paradigm allows to establish tradeoffs between the amount of this additional information and the performance of the online algorithm. However, unlike real life in which advice is a recommendation that we can choose to follow or to ignore based on trustworthiness, in the current advice model, the online algorithm treats it as infallible. This means that if the advice is corrupt or, worse, if it comes from a malicious source, the algorithm may perform poorly. In this work, we study online computation in a setting in which the advice is provided by an untrusted source. Our objective is to quantify the impact of untrusted advice so as to design and analyze online algorithms that are robust and perform well even when the advice is generated in a malicious, adversarial manner. To this end, we focus on well- studied online problems such as ski rental, online bidding, bin packing, and list update. For ski-rental and online bidding, we show how to obtain algorithms that are Pareto-optimal with respect to the competitive ratios achieved; this improves upon the framework of Purohit et al. [NeurIPS 2018] in which Pareto-optimality is not necessarily guaranteed. For bin packing and list update, we give online algorithms with worst-case tradeoffs in their competitiveness, depending on whether the advice is trusted or not; this is motivated by work of Lykouris and Vassilvitskii [ICML 2018] on the paging problem, but in which the competitiveness depends on the reliability of the advice. Furthermore, we demonstrate how to prove lower bounds, within this model, on the tradeoff between the number of advice bits and the competitiveness of any online algorithm. Last, we study the effect of randomization: here we show that for ski-rental there is a randomized algorithm that Pareto-dominates any deterministic algorithm with advice of any size. We also show that a single random bit is not always inferior to a single advice bit, as it happens in the standard model.

Spyros Angelopoulos, Christoph Dürr, Shendan Jin, Shahin Kamali, and Marc Renault. Online Computation with Untrusted Advice. In 11th Innovations in Theoretical Computer Science Conference (ITCS 2020). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 151, pp. 52:1-52:15, Schloss Dagstuhl - Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2020)

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@InProceedings{angelopoulos_et_al:LIPIcs.ITCS.2020.52, author = {Angelopoulos, Spyros and D\"{u}rr, Christoph and Jin, Shendan and Kamali, Shahin and Renault, Marc}, title = {{Online Computation with Untrusted Advice}}, booktitle = {11th Innovations in Theoretical Computer Science Conference (ITCS 2020)}, pages = {52:1--52:15}, series = {Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)}, ISBN = {978-3-95977-134-4}, ISSN = {1868-8969}, year = {2020}, volume = {151}, editor = {Vidick, Thomas}, publisher = {Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik}, address = {Dagstuhl, Germany}, URL = {https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.ITCS.2020.52}, URN = {urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-117372}, doi = {10.4230/LIPIcs.ITCS.2020.52}, annote = {Keywords: Online computation, competitive analysis, advice complexity, robust algorithms, untrusted advice} }

Document

**Published in:** LIPIcs, Volume 126, 36th International Symposium on Theoretical Aspects of Computer Science (STACS 2019)

In search problems, a mobile searcher seeks to locate a target that hides in some unknown position of the environment. Such problems are typically considered to be of an on-line nature, in that the input is unknown to the searcher, and the performance of a search strategy is usually analyzed by means of the standard framework of the competitive ratio, which compares the cost incurred by the searcher to an optimal strategy that knows the location of the target. However, one can argue that even for simple search problems, competitive analysis fails to distinguish between strategies which, intuitively, should have different performance in practice.
Motivated by the above, in this work we introduce and study measures supplementary to competitive analysis in the context of search problems. In particular, we focus on the well-known problem of linear search, informally known as the cow-path problem, for which there is an infinite number of strategies that achieve an optimal competitive ratio equal to 9. We propose a measure that reflects the rate at which the line is being explored by the searcher, and which can be seen as an extension of the bijective ratio over an uncountable set of requests. Using this measure we show that a natural strategy that explores the line aggressively is optimal among all 9-competitive strategies. This provides, in particular, a strict separation from the competitively optimal doubling strategy, which is much more conservative in terms of exploration. We also provide evidence that this aggressiveness is requisite for optimality, by showing that any optimal strategy must mimic the aggressive strategy in its first few explorations.

Spyros Angelopoulos, Christoph Dürr, and Shendan Jin. Best-Of-Two-Worlds Analysis of Online Search. In 36th International Symposium on Theoretical Aspects of Computer Science (STACS 2019). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 126, pp. 7:1-7:17, Schloss Dagstuhl - Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2019)

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@InProceedings{angelopoulos_et_al:LIPIcs.STACS.2019.7, author = {Angelopoulos, Spyros and D\"{u}rr, Christoph and Jin, Shendan}, title = {{Best-Of-Two-Worlds Analysis of Online Search}}, booktitle = {36th International Symposium on Theoretical Aspects of Computer Science (STACS 2019)}, pages = {7:1--7:17}, series = {Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)}, ISBN = {978-3-95977-100-9}, ISSN = {1868-8969}, year = {2019}, volume = {126}, editor = {Niedermeier, Rolf and Paul, Christophe}, publisher = {Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik}, address = {Dagstuhl, Germany}, URL = {https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.STACS.2019.7}, URN = {urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-102467}, doi = {10.4230/LIPIcs.STACS.2019.7}, annote = {Keywords: Online computation, search problems, linear search, performance measures} }

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**Published in:** LIPIcs, Volume 117, 43rd International Symposium on Mathematical Foundations of Computer Science (MFCS 2018)

We study the online maximum matching problem in a model in which the edges are associated with a known recourse parameter k. An online algorithm for this problem has to maintain a valid matching while edges of the underlying graph are presented one after the other. At any moment the algorithm can decide to include an edge into the matching or to exclude it, under the restriction that at most k such actions per edge take place, where k is typically a small constant. This problem was introduced and studied in the context of general online packing problems with recourse by Avitabile et al. [Avitabile et al., 2013], whereas the special case k=2 was studied by Boyar et al. [Boyar et al., 2017].
In the first part of this paper, we consider the edge arrival model, in which an arriving edge never disappears from the graph. Here, we first show an improved analysis on the performance of the algorithm AMP given in [Avitabile et al., 2013], by exploiting the structure of the matching problem. In addition, we extend the result of [Boyar et al., 2017] and show that the greedy algorithm has competitive ratio 3/2 for every even k and ratio 2 for every odd k. Moreover, we present and analyze an improvement of the greedy algorithm which we call L-Greedy, and we show that for small values of k it outperforms the algorithm of [Avitabile et al., 2013]. In terms of lower bounds, we show that no deterministic algorithm better than 1+1/(k-1) exists, improving upon the lower bound of 1+1/k shown in [Avitabile et al., 2013].
The second part of the paper is devoted to the edge arrival/departure model, which is the fully dynamic variant of online matching with recourse. The analysis of L-Greedy and AMP carry through in this model; moreover we show a lower bound of (k^2-3k+6)/(k^2-4k+7) for all even k >= 4. For k in {2,3}, the competitive ratio is 3/2.

Spyros Angelopoulos, Christoph Dürr, and Shendan Jin. Online Maximum Matching with Recourse. In 43rd International Symposium on Mathematical Foundations of Computer Science (MFCS 2018). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 117, pp. 8:1-8:15, Schloss Dagstuhl - Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2018)

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@InProceedings{angelopoulos_et_al:LIPIcs.MFCS.2018.8, author = {Angelopoulos, Spyros and D\"{u}rr, Christoph and Jin, Shendan}, title = {{Online Maximum Matching with Recourse}}, booktitle = {43rd International Symposium on Mathematical Foundations of Computer Science (MFCS 2018)}, pages = {8:1--8:15}, series = {Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)}, ISBN = {978-3-95977-086-6}, ISSN = {1868-8969}, year = {2018}, volume = {117}, editor = {Potapov, Igor and Spirakis, Paul and Worrell, James}, publisher = {Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik}, address = {Dagstuhl, Germany}, URL = {https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.MFCS.2018.8}, URN = {urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-95908}, doi = {10.4230/LIPIcs.MFCS.2018.8}, annote = {Keywords: Competitive ratio, maximum cardinality matching, recourse} }

Document

**Published in:** LIPIcs, Volume 94, 9th Innovations in Theoretical Computer Science Conference (ITCS 2018)

We introduce a novel model for scheduling with explorable uncertainty. In this model, the processing time of a job can potentially be reduced (by an a priori unknown amount) by testing the job. Testing a job j takes one unit of time and may reduce its processing time from the given upper limit p'_j (which is the time taken to execute the job if it is not tested) to any value between 0 and p'_j. This setting is motivated e.g. by applications where a code optimizer can be run on a job before executing it. We consider the objective of minimizing the sum of completion times on a single machine. All jobs are available from the start, but the reduction in their processing times as a result of testing is unknown, making this an online problem that is amenable to competitive analysis. The need to balance the time spent on tests and the time spent on job executions adds a novel flavor to the problem. We give the first and nearly tight lower and upper bounds on the competitive ratio for deterministic and randomized algorithms. We also show that minimizing the makespan is a considerably easier problem for which we give optimal deterministic and randomized online algorithms.

Christoph Dürr, Thomas Erlebach, Nicole Megow, and Julie Meißner. Scheduling with Explorable Uncertainty. In 9th Innovations in Theoretical Computer Science Conference (ITCS 2018). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 94, pp. 30:1-30:14, Schloss Dagstuhl - Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2018)

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@InProceedings{durr_et_al:LIPIcs.ITCS.2018.30, author = {D\"{u}rr, Christoph and Erlebach, Thomas and Megow, Nicole and Mei{\ss}ner, Julie}, title = {{Scheduling with Explorable Uncertainty}}, booktitle = {9th Innovations in Theoretical Computer Science Conference (ITCS 2018)}, pages = {30:1--30:14}, series = {Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)}, ISBN = {978-3-95977-060-6}, ISSN = {1868-8969}, year = {2018}, volume = {94}, editor = {Karlin, Anna R.}, publisher = {Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik}, address = {Dagstuhl, Germany}, URL = {https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.ITCS.2018.30}, URN = {urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-83360}, doi = {10.4230/LIPIcs.ITCS.2018.30}, annote = {Keywords: online scheduling, explorable uncertainty, competitive ratio, makespan, sum of completion times} }

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**Published in:** LIPIcs, Volume 57, 24th Annual European Symposium on Algorithms (ESA 2016)

In the Multi-Level Aggregation Problem (MLAP), requests arrive at the nodes of an edge-weighted tree T, and have to be served eventually. A service is defined as a subtree X of T that contains its root. This subtree X serves all requests that are pending in the nodes of X, and the cost of this service is equal to the total weight of X. Each request also incurs waiting cost between its arrival and service times. The objective is to minimize the total waiting cost of all requests plus the total cost of all service subtrees. MLAP is a generalization of some well-studied optimization problems; for example, for trees of depth 1, MLAP is equivalent to the TCP Acknowledgment Problem, while for trees of depth 2, it is equivalent to the Joint Replenishment Problem. Aggregation problem for trees of arbitrary depth arise in multicasting, sensor networks, communication in organization hierarchies, and in supply-chain management. The instances of MLAP associated with these applications are naturally online, in the sense that aggregation decisions need to be made without information about future requests.
Constant-competitive online algorithms are known for MLAP with one or two levels. However, it has been open whether there exist constant competitive online algorithms for trees of depth more than 2. Addressing this open problem, we give the first constant competitive online algorithm for networks of arbitrary (fixed) number of levels. The competitive ratio is O(D^4*2^D), where D is the depth of T. The algorithm works for arbitrary waiting cost functions, including the variant with deadlines. We include several additional results in the paper. We show that a standard lower-bound technique for MLAP, based on so-called Single-Phase instances, cannot give super-constant lower bounds (as a function of the tree depth). This result is established by giving an online algorithm with optimal competitive ratio 4 for such instances on arbitrary trees. We also study the MLAP variant when the tree is a path, for which we give a lower bound of 4 on the competitive ratio, improving the lower bound known for general MLAP. We complement this with a matching upper bound for the deadline setting.

Marcin Bienkowski, Martin Böhm, Jaroslaw Byrka, Marek Chrobak, Christoph Dürr, Lukas Folwarczny, Lukasz Jez, Jiri Sgall, Nguyen Kim Thang, and Pavel Vesely. Online Algorithms for Multi-Level Aggregation. In 24th Annual European Symposium on Algorithms (ESA 2016). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 57, pp. 12:1-12:17, Schloss Dagstuhl - Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2016)

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@InProceedings{bienkowski_et_al:LIPIcs.ESA.2016.12, author = {Bienkowski, Marcin and B\"{o}hm, Martin and Byrka, Jaroslaw and Chrobak, Marek and D\"{u}rr, Christoph and Folwarczny, Lukas and Jez, Lukasz and Sgall, Jiri and Kim Thang, Nguyen and Vesely, Pavel}, title = {{Online Algorithms for Multi-Level Aggregation}}, booktitle = {24th Annual European Symposium on Algorithms (ESA 2016)}, pages = {12:1--12:17}, series = {Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)}, ISBN = {978-3-95977-015-6}, ISSN = {1868-8969}, year = {2016}, volume = {57}, editor = {Sankowski, Piotr and Zaroliagis, Christos}, publisher = {Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik}, address = {Dagstuhl, Germany}, URL = {https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.ESA.2016.12}, URN = {urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-63637}, doi = {10.4230/LIPIcs.ESA.2016.12}, annote = {Keywords: algorithmic aspects of networks, online algorithms, scheduling and resource allocation} }

Document

**Published in:** LIPIcs, Volume 57, 24th Annual European Symposium on Algorithms (ESA 2016)

While randomized online algorithms have access to a sequence of uniform random bits, deterministic online algorithms with advice have access to a sequence of advice bits, i.e., bits that are set by an all-powerful oracle prior to the processing of the request sequence. Advice bits are at least as helpful as random bits, but how helpful are they? In this work, we investigate the power of advice bits and random bits for online maximum bipartite matching (MBM).
The well-known Karp-Vazirani-Vazirani algorithm [Karp, Vazirani and Vazirani 90] is an optimal randomized (1-1/e)-competitive algorithm for MBM that requires access to Theta(n log n) uniform random bits. We show that Omega(log(1/epsilon) n) advice bits are necessary and O(1/epsilon^5 n) sufficient in order to obtain a (1-epsilon)-competitive deterministic advice algorithm. Furthermore, for a large natural class of deterministic advice algorithms, we prove that Omega(log log log n) advice bits are required in order to improve on the 1/2-competitiveness of the best deterministic online algorithm, while it is known that O(log n) bits are sufficient [Böckenhauer, Komm, Královic and Královic 2011].
Last, we give a randomized online algorithm that uses cn random bits, for integers c >= 1, and a competitive ratio that approaches 1-1/e very quickly as c is increasing. For example if c = 10, then the difference between 1-1/e and the achieved competitive ratio is less than 0.0002.

Christoph Dürr, Christian Konrad, and Marc Renault. On the Power of Advice and Randomization for Online Bipartite Matching. In 24th Annual European Symposium on Algorithms (ESA 2016). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 57, pp. 37:1-37:16, Schloss Dagstuhl - Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2016)

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@InProceedings{durr_et_al:LIPIcs.ESA.2016.37, author = {D\"{u}rr, Christoph and Konrad, Christian and Renault, Marc}, title = {{On the Power of Advice and Randomization for Online Bipartite Matching}}, booktitle = {24th Annual European Symposium on Algorithms (ESA 2016)}, pages = {37:1--37:16}, series = {Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)}, ISBN = {978-3-95977-015-6}, ISSN = {1868-8969}, year = {2016}, volume = {57}, editor = {Sankowski, Piotr and Zaroliagis, Christos}, publisher = {Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik}, address = {Dagstuhl, Germany}, URL = {https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.ESA.2016.37}, URN = {urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-63888}, doi = {10.4230/LIPIcs.ESA.2016.37}, annote = {Keywords: On-line algorithms, Bipartite matching, Randomization} }

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**Published in:** LIPIcs, Volume 47, 33rd Symposium on Theoretical Aspects of Computer Science (STACS 2016)

We study the problem of searching for a hidden target in an environment that is modeled by an edge-weighted graph. Most of the previous work on this problem considers the pathwise cost formulation, in which the cost incurred by the searcher is the overall time to locate the target, assuming that the searcher moves at unit speed. More recent work introduced the setting of expanding search in which the searcher incurs cost only upon visiting previously unexplored areas of the graph. Such a paradigm is useful in modeling problems in which the cost of re-exploration is negligible (such as coal mining).
In our work we study algorithmic and computational issues of expanding search, for a variety of search environments including general graphs, trees and star-like graphs. In particular, we rely on the deterministic and randomized search ratio as the performance measures of search strategies, which were originally introduced by Koutsoupias and Papadimitriou [ICALP 1996] in the context of pathwise search. The search ratio is essentially the best competitive ratio among all possible strategies. Our main objective is to explore how the transition from pathwise to expanding search affects the competitive analysis, which has applications to optimization problems beyond the strict boundaries of search problems.

Spyros Angelopoulos, Christoph Dürr, and Thomas Lidbetter. The Expanding Search Ratio of a Graph. In 33rd Symposium on Theoretical Aspects of Computer Science (STACS 2016). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 47, pp. 9:1-9:14, Schloss Dagstuhl - Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2016)

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@InProceedings{angelopoulos_et_al:LIPIcs.STACS.2016.9, author = {Angelopoulos, Spyros and D\"{u}rr, Christoph and Lidbetter, Thomas}, title = {{The Expanding Search Ratio of a Graph}}, booktitle = {33rd Symposium on Theoretical Aspects of Computer Science (STACS 2016)}, pages = {9:1--9:14}, series = {Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)}, ISBN = {978-3-95977-001-9}, ISSN = {1868-8969}, year = {2016}, volume = {47}, editor = {Ollinger, Nicolas and Vollmer, Heribert}, publisher = {Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik}, address = {Dagstuhl, Germany}, URL = {https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.STACS.2016.9}, URN = {urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-57109}, doi = {10.4230/LIPIcs.STACS.2016.9}, annote = {Keywords: Search games, randomized algorithms, competitive analysis, game theory} }

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Complete Volume

**Published in:** LIPIcs, Volume 9, 28th International Symposium on Theoretical Aspects of Computer Science (STACS 2011)

LIPIcs, Volume 9, STACS'11, Complete Volume

Thomas Schwentick and Christoph Dürr. LIPIcs, Volume 9, STACS'11, Complete Volume. In 28th International Symposium on Theoretical Aspects of Computer Science (STACS 2011). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 9, Schloss Dagstuhl - Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2013)

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@Proceedings{schwentick_et_al:LIPIcs.STACS.2011, title = {{LIPIcs, Volume 9, STACS'11, Complete Volume}}, booktitle = {28th International Symposium on Theoretical Aspects of Computer Science (STACS 2011)}, series = {Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)}, ISBN = {978-3-939897-25-5}, ISSN = {1868-8969}, year = {2013}, volume = {9}, editor = {Schwentick, Thomas and D\"{u}rr, Christoph}, publisher = {Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik}, address = {Dagstuhl, Germany}, URL = {https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.STACS.2011}, URN = {urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-41031}, doi = {10.4230/LIPIcs.STACS.2011}, annote = {Keywords: Models of Computation, Nonnumerical Algorithms and Problems, Mathematical Logic, Formal Languages, Combinatorics, Graph Theory} }

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Complete Volume

**Published in:** LIPIcs, Volume 14, 29th International Symposium on Theoretical Aspects of Computer Science (STACS 2012)

LIPIcs, Volume 14, STACS'12, Complete Volume

Christoph Dürr and Thomas Wilke. LIPIcs, Volume 14, STACS'12, Complete Volume. In 29th International Symposium on Theoretical Aspects of Computer Science (STACS 2012). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 14, Schloss Dagstuhl - Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2013)

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@Proceedings{durr_et_al:LIPIcs.STACS.2012, title = {{LIPIcs, Volume 14, STACS'12, Complete Volume}}, booktitle = {29th International Symposium on Theoretical Aspects of Computer Science (STACS 2012)}, series = {Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)}, ISBN = {978-3-939897-35-4}, ISSN = {1868-8969}, year = {2013}, volume = {14}, editor = {D\"{u}rr, Christoph and Wilke, Thomas}, publisher = {Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik}, address = {Dagstuhl, Germany}, URL = {https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.STACS.2012}, URN = {urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-41081}, doi = {10.4230/LIPIcs.STACS.2012}, annote = {Keywords: Models of Computation, Nonnumerical Algorithms and Problems, Mathematical Logic, Formal Languages, Combinatorics, Graph Theory} }

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Front Matter

**Published in:** LIPIcs, Volume 14, 29th International Symposium on Theoretical Aspects of Computer Science (STACS 2012)

Frontmatter, Foreword, Conference Organization, External Reviewers, Table of Contents

Christoph Dürr and Thomas Wilke. Frontmatter, Foreword, Conference Organization, External Reviewers, Table of Contents. In 29th International Symposium on Theoretical Aspects of Computer Science (STACS 2012). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 14, pp. i-xvi, Schloss Dagstuhl - Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2012)

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@InProceedings{durr_et_al:LIPIcs.STACS.2012.i, author = {D\"{u}rr, Christoph and Wilke, Thomas}, title = {{Frontmatter, Foreword, Conference Organization, External Reviewers, Table of Contents}}, booktitle = {29th International Symposium on Theoretical Aspects of Computer Science (STACS 2012)}, pages = {i--xvi}, series = {Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)}, ISBN = {978-3-939897-35-4}, ISSN = {1868-8969}, year = {2012}, volume = {14}, editor = {D\"{u}rr, Christoph and Wilke, Thomas}, publisher = {Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik}, address = {Dagstuhl, Germany}, URL = {https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.STACS.2012.i}, URN = {urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-33850}, doi = {10.4230/LIPIcs.STACS.2012.i}, annote = {Keywords: Frontmatter, Foreword, Conference Organization, External Reviewers, Table of Contents} }

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**Published in:** LIPIcs, Volume 9, 28th International Symposium on Theoretical Aspects of Computer Science (STACS 2011)

Author Index.

Thomas Schwentick and Christoph Dürr. Index of Authors. In 28th International Symposium on Theoretical Aspects of Computer Science (STACS 2011). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 9, pp. 685-686, Schloss Dagstuhl - Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2011)

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@InProceedings{schwentick_et_al:LIPIcs.STACS.2011.685, author = {Schwentick, Thomas and D\"{u}rr, Christoph}, title = {{Index of Authors}}, booktitle = {28th International Symposium on Theoretical Aspects of Computer Science (STACS 2011)}, pages = {685--686}, series = {Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)}, ISBN = {978-3-939897-25-5}, ISSN = {1868-8969}, year = {2011}, volume = {9}, editor = {Schwentick, Thomas and D\"{u}rr, Christoph}, publisher = {Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik}, address = {Dagstuhl, Germany}, URL = {https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.STACS.2011.685}, URN = {urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-30542}, doi = {10.4230/LIPIcs.STACS.2011.685}, annote = {Keywords: Author Index} }

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Front Matter

**Published in:** LIPIcs, Volume 9, 28th International Symposium on Theoretical Aspects of Computer Science (STACS 2011)

Frontmatter, Table of Contents, Preface, Conference Organization

Thomas Schwentick and Christoph Dürr. Frontmatter, Table of Contents, Preface, Conference Organization. In 28th International Symposium on Theoretical Aspects of Computer Science (STACS 2011). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 9, pp. i-xvii, Schloss Dagstuhl - Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2011)

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@InProceedings{schwentick_et_al:LIPIcs.STACS.2011.i, author = {Schwentick, Thomas and D\"{u}rr, Christoph}, title = {{Frontmatter, Table of Contents, Preface, Conference Organization}}, booktitle = {28th International Symposium on Theoretical Aspects of Computer Science (STACS 2011)}, pages = {i--xvii}, series = {Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)}, ISBN = {978-3-939897-25-5}, ISSN = {1868-8969}, year = {2011}, volume = {9}, editor = {Schwentick, Thomas and D\"{u}rr, Christoph}, publisher = {Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik}, address = {Dagstuhl, Germany}, URL = {https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.STACS.2011.i}, URN = {urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-29939}, doi = {10.4230/LIPIcs.STACS.2011.i}, annote = {Keywords: Frontmatter, Table of Contents, Preface, Conference Organization} }

Document

**Published in:** Dagstuhl Seminar Proceedings, Volume 10071, Scheduling (2010)

The aim of power management policies is to reduce the amount of energy consumed by computer systems while maintaining satisfactory level of performance. One common method for saving energy is to simply suspend the system during the idle times. No energy is consumed in the suspend mode. However, the process of waking up the system itself requires a certain fixed amount of energy, and thus suspending the system is beneficial only if the idle time is long enough to compensate for this additional energy expenditure. In the specific problem studied in the paper, we have a set of jobs with release times and deadlines that need to be executed on a single processor. Preemptions are allowed. The processor requires energy L to be woken up and, when it is on, it uses the energy at a rate of R units per unit of time. It has been an open problem whether a schedule minimizing the overall energy consumption can be computed in polynomial time. We solve this problem in positive, by providing an O(n5)-time
algorithm. In addition we provide an O(n4)-time algorithm for computing the minimum energy schedule when all jobs have unit length.

Marek Chrobak, Philippe Baptiste, and Christoph Dürr. Polynomial Time Algorithms for Minimum Energy Scheduling. In Scheduling. Dagstuhl Seminar Proceedings, Volume 10071, pp. 1-12, Schloss Dagstuhl - Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2010)

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@InProceedings{chrobak_et_al:DagSemProc.10071.8, author = {Chrobak, Marek and Baptiste, Philippe and D\"{u}rr, Christoph}, title = {{Polynomial Time Algorithms for Minimum Energy Scheduling}}, booktitle = {Scheduling}, pages = {1--12}, series = {Dagstuhl Seminar Proceedings (DagSemProc)}, ISSN = {1862-4405}, year = {2010}, volume = {10071}, editor = {Susanne Albers and Sanjoy K. Baruah and Rolf H. M\"{o}hring and Kirk Pruhs}, publisher = {Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik}, address = {Dagstuhl, Germany}, URL = {https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/DagSemProc.10071.8}, URN = {urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-25351}, doi = {10.4230/DagSemProc.10071.8}, annote = {Keywords: Scheduling, algorithm, dynamic programming, energy} }

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