Found 3 Possible Name Variants:

Document

**Published in:** LIPIcs, Volume 283, 34th International Symposium on Algorithms and Computation (ISAAC 2023)

Twin-width is a structural width parameter introduced by Bonnet, Kim, Thomassé and Watrigant [FOCS 2020]. Very briefly, its essence is a gradual reduction (a contraction sequence) of the given graph down to a single vertex while maintaining limited difference of neighbourhoods of the vertices, and it can be seen as widely generalizing several other traditional structural parameters. Having such a sequence at hand allows to solve many otherwise hard problems efficiently. Our paper focuses on a comparison of twin-width to the more traditional tree-width on sparse graphs. Namely, we prove that if a graph G of twin-width at most 2 contains no K_{t,t} subgraph for some integer t, then the tree-width of G is bounded by a polynomial function of t. As a consequence, for any sparse graph class C we obtain a polynomial time algorithm which for any input graph G ∈ C either outputs a contraction sequence of width at most c (where c depends only on C), or correctly outputs that G has twin-width more than 2. On the other hand, we present an easy example of a graph class of twin-width 3 with unbounded tree-width, showing that our result cannot be extended to higher values of twin-width.

Benjamin Bergougnoux, Jakub Gajarský, Grzegorz Guśpiel, Petr Hliněný, Filip Pokrývka, and Marek Sokołowski. Sparse Graphs of Twin-Width 2 Have Bounded Tree-Width. In 34th International Symposium on Algorithms and Computation (ISAAC 2023). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 283, pp. 11:1-11:13, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2023)

Copy BibTex To Clipboard

@InProceedings{bergougnoux_et_al:LIPIcs.ISAAC.2023.11, author = {Bergougnoux, Benjamin and Gajarsk\'{y}, Jakub and Gu\'{s}piel, Grzegorz and Hlin\v{e}n\'{y}, Petr and Pokr\'{y}vka, Filip and Soko{\l}owski, Marek}, title = {{Sparse Graphs of Twin-Width 2 Have Bounded Tree-Width}}, booktitle = {34th International Symposium on Algorithms and Computation (ISAAC 2023)}, pages = {11:1--11:13}, series = {Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)}, ISBN = {978-3-95977-289-1}, ISSN = {1868-8969}, year = {2023}, volume = {283}, editor = {Iwata, Satoru and Kakimura, Naonori}, publisher = {Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik}, address = {Dagstuhl, Germany}, URL = {https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.ISAAC.2023.11}, URN = {urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-193130}, doi = {10.4230/LIPIcs.ISAAC.2023.11}, annote = {Keywords: twin-width, tree-width, excluded grid, sparsity} }

Document

**Published in:** LIPIcs, Volume 272, 48th International Symposium on Mathematical Foundations of Computer Science (MFCS 2023)

In 1992 Biró, Hujter and Tuza introduced, for every fixed connected graph H, the class of H-graphs, defined as the intersection graphs of connected subgraphs of some subdivision of H. Such classes of graphs are related to many known graph classes: for example, K₂-graphs coincide with interval graphs, K₃-graphs with circular-arc graphs, the union of T-graphs, where T ranges over all trees, coincides with chordal graphs. Recently, quite a lot of research has been devoted to understanding the tractability border for various computational problems, such as recognition or isomorphism testing, in classes of H-graphs for different graphs H.
In this work we undertake this research topic, focusing on the recognition problem. Chaplick, Töpfer, Voborník, and Zeman showed an XP-algorithm testing whether a given graph is a T-graph, where the parameter is the size of the tree T. In particular, for every fixed tree T the recognition of T-graphs can be solved in polynomial time. Tucker showed a polynomial time algorithm recognizing K₃-graphs (circular-arc graphs). On the other hand, Chaplick et al. showed also that for every fixed graph H containing two distinct cycles sharing an edge, the recognition of H-graphs is NP-hard.
The main two results of this work narrow the gap between the NP-hard and 𝖯 cases of H-graph recognition. First, we show that the recognition of H-graphs is NP-hard when H contains two distinct cycles. On the other hand, we show a polynomial-time algorithm recognizing L-graphs, where L is a graph containing a cycle and an edge attached to it (which we call lollipop graphs). Our work leaves open the recognition problems of M-graphs for every unicyclic graph M different from a cycle and a lollipop.

Deniz Ağaoğlu Çağırıcı, Onur Çağırıcı, Jan Derbisz, Tim A. Hartmann, Petr Hliněný, Jan Kratochvíl, Tomasz Krawczyk, and Peter Zeman. Recognizing H-Graphs - Beyond Circular-Arc Graphs. In 48th International Symposium on Mathematical Foundations of Computer Science (MFCS 2023). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 272, pp. 8:1-8:14, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2023)

Copy BibTex To Clipboard

@InProceedings{agaoglucagirici_et_al:LIPIcs.MFCS.2023.8, author = {A\u{g}ao\u{g}lu \c{C}a\u{g}{\i}r{\i}c{\i}, Deniz and \c{C}a\u{g}{\i}r{\i}c{\i}, Onur and Derbisz, Jan and Hartmann, Tim A. and Hlin\v{e}n\'{y}, Petr and Kratochv{\'\i}l, Jan and Krawczyk, Tomasz and Zeman, Peter}, title = {{Recognizing H-Graphs - Beyond Circular-Arc Graphs}}, booktitle = {48th International Symposium on Mathematical Foundations of Computer Science (MFCS 2023)}, pages = {8:1--8:14}, series = {Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)}, ISBN = {978-3-95977-292-1}, ISSN = {1868-8969}, year = {2023}, volume = {272}, editor = {Leroux, J\'{e}r\^{o}me and Lombardy, Sylvain and Peleg, David}, publisher = {Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik}, address = {Dagstuhl, Germany}, URL = {https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.MFCS.2023.8}, URN = {urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-185420}, doi = {10.4230/LIPIcs.MFCS.2023.8}, annote = {Keywords: H-graphs, Intersection Graphs, Helly Property} }

Document

Track A: Algorithms, Complexity and Games

**Published in:** LIPIcs, Volume 261, 50th International Colloquium on Automata, Languages, and Programming (ICALP 2023)

Twin-width is a structural width parameter introduced by Bonnet, Kim, Thomassé and Watrigant [FOCS 2020]. Very briefly, its essence is a gradual reduction (a contraction sequence) of the given graph down to a single vertex while maintaining limited difference of neighbourhoods of the vertices, and it can be seen as widely generalizing several other traditional structural parameters. Having such a sequence at hand allows us to solve many otherwise hard problems efficiently. Graph classes of bounded twin-width, in which appropriate contraction sequences are efficiently constructible, are thus of interest in combinatorics and in computer science. However, we currently do not know in general how to obtain a witnessing contraction sequence of low width efficiently, and published upper bounds on the twin-width in non-trivial cases are often "astronomically large".
We focus on planar graphs, which are known to have bounded twin-width (already since the introduction of twin-width), but the first explicit "non-astronomical" upper bounds on the twin-width of planar graphs appeared just a year ago; namely the bound of at most 183 by Jacob and Pilipczuk [arXiv, January 2022], and 583 by Bonnet, Kwon and Wood [arXiv, February 2022]. Subsequent arXiv manuscripts in 2022 improved the bound down to 37 (Bekos et al.), 11 and 9 (both by Hliněný). We further elaborate on the approach used in the latter manuscripts, proving that the twin-width of every planar graph is at most 8, and construct a witnessing contraction sequence in linear time. Note that the currently best lower-bound planar example is of twin-width 7, by Král' and Lamaison [arXiv, September 2022]. We also prove that the twin-width of every bipartite planar graph is at most 6, and again construct a witnessing contraction sequence in linear time.

Petr Hliněný and Jan Jedelský. Twin-Width of Planar Graphs Is at Most 8, and at Most 6 When Bipartite Planar. In 50th International Colloquium on Automata, Languages, and Programming (ICALP 2023). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 261, pp. 75:1-75:18, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2023)

Copy BibTex To Clipboard

@InProceedings{hlineny_et_al:LIPIcs.ICALP.2023.75, author = {Hlin\v{e}n\'{y}, Petr and Jedelsk\'{y}, Jan}, title = {{Twin-Width of Planar Graphs Is at Most 8, and at Most 6 When Bipartite Planar}}, booktitle = {50th International Colloquium on Automata, Languages, and Programming (ICALP 2023)}, pages = {75:1--75:18}, series = {Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)}, ISBN = {978-3-95977-278-5}, ISSN = {1868-8969}, year = {2023}, volume = {261}, editor = {Etessami, Kousha and Feige, Uriel and Puppis, Gabriele}, publisher = {Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik}, address = {Dagstuhl, Germany}, URL = {https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.ICALP.2023.75}, URN = {urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-181271}, doi = {10.4230/LIPIcs.ICALP.2023.75}, annote = {Keywords: twin-width, planar graph} }

Document

**Published in:** LIPIcs, Volume 248, 33rd International Symposium on Algorithms and Computation (ISAAC 2022)

Graph product structure theory expresses certain graphs as subgraphs of the strong product of much simpler graphs. In particular, an elegant formulation for the corresponding structural theorems involves the strong product of a path and of a bounded treewidth graph, and allows to lift combinatorial results for bounded treewidth graphs to graph classes for which the product structure holds, such as to planar graphs [Dujmović et al., J. ACM, 67(4), 22:1-38, 2020].
In this paper, we join the search for extensions of this powerful tool beyond planarity by considering the h-framed graphs, a graph class that includes 1-planar, optimal 2-planar, and k-map graphs (for appropriate values of h). We establish a graph product structure theorem for h-framed graphs stating that the graphs in this class are subgraphs of the strong product of a path, of a planar graph of treewidth at most 3, and of a clique of size 3⌊ h/2 ⌋+⌊ h/3 ⌋-1. This allows us to improve over the previous structural theorems for 1-planar and k-map graphs. Our results constitute significant progress over the previous bounds on the queue number, non-repetitive chromatic number, and p-centered chromatic number of these graph classes, e.g., we lower the currently best upper bound on the queue number of 1-planar graphs and k-map graphs from 115 to 82 and from ⌊ 33/2(k+3 ⌊ k/2⌋ -3)⌋ to ⌊ 33/2 (3⌊ k/2 ⌋+⌊ k/3 ⌋-1) ⌋, respectively. We also employ the product structure machinery to improve the current upper bounds on the twin-width of 1-planar graphs from O(1) to 80. All our structural results are constructive and yield efficient algorithms to obtain the corresponding decompositions.

Michael A. Bekos, Giordano Da Lozzo, Petr Hliněný, and Michael Kaufmann. Graph Product Structure for h-Framed Graphs. In 33rd International Symposium on Algorithms and Computation (ISAAC 2022). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 248, pp. 23:1-23:15, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2022)

Copy BibTex To Clipboard

@InProceedings{bekos_et_al:LIPIcs.ISAAC.2022.23, author = {Bekos, Michael A. and Da Lozzo, Giordano and Hlin\v{e}n\'{y}, Petr and Kaufmann, Michael}, title = {{Graph Product Structure for h-Framed Graphs}}, booktitle = {33rd International Symposium on Algorithms and Computation (ISAAC 2022)}, pages = {23:1--23:15}, series = {Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)}, ISBN = {978-3-95977-258-7}, ISSN = {1868-8969}, year = {2022}, volume = {248}, editor = {Bae, Sang Won and Park, Heejin}, publisher = {Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik}, address = {Dagstuhl, Germany}, URL = {https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.ISAAC.2022.23}, URN = {urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-173086}, doi = {10.4230/LIPIcs.ISAAC.2022.23}, annote = {Keywords: Graph product structure theory, h-framed graphs, k-map graphs, queue number, twin-width} }

Document

**Published in:** LIPIcs, Volume 224, 38th International Symposium on Computational Geometry (SoCG 2022)

Inspired by the increasingly popular research on extending partial graph drawings, we propose a new perspective on the traditional and arguably most important geometric graph parameter, the crossing number. Specifically, we define the partially predrawn crossing number to be the smallest number of crossings in any drawing of a graph, part of which is prescribed on the input (not counting the prescribed crossings). Our main result - an FPT-algorithm to compute the partially predrawn crossing number - combines advanced ideas from research on the classical crossing number and so called partial planarity in a very natural but intricate way. Not only do our techniques generalise the known FPT-algorithm by Grohe for computing the standard crossing number, they also allow us to substantially improve a number of recent parameterised results for various drawing extension problems.

Thekla Hamm and Petr Hliněný. Parameterised Partially-Predrawn Crossing Number. In 38th International Symposium on Computational Geometry (SoCG 2022). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 224, pp. 46:1-46:15, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2022)

Copy BibTex To Clipboard

@InProceedings{hamm_et_al:LIPIcs.SoCG.2022.46, author = {Hamm, Thekla and Hlin\v{e}n\'{y}, Petr}, title = {{Parameterised Partially-Predrawn Crossing Number}}, booktitle = {38th International Symposium on Computational Geometry (SoCG 2022)}, pages = {46:1--46:15}, series = {Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)}, ISBN = {978-3-95977-227-3}, ISSN = {1868-8969}, year = {2022}, volume = {224}, editor = {Goaoc, Xavier and Kerber, Michael}, publisher = {Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik}, address = {Dagstuhl, Germany}, URL = {https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.SoCG.2022.46}, URN = {urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-160547}, doi = {10.4230/LIPIcs.SoCG.2022.46}, annote = {Keywords: Crossing Number, Drawing Extension, Partial Planarity, Parameterised Complexity} }

Document

**Published in:** LIPIcs, Volume 214, 16th International Symposium on Parameterized and Exact Computation (IPEC 2021)

Twin-width is a new parameter informally measuring how diverse are the neighbourhoods of the graph vertices, and it extends also to other binary relational structures, e.g. to digraphs and posets. It was introduced just very recently, in 2020 by Bonnet, Kim, Thomassé and Watrigant. One of the core results of these authors is that FO model checking on graph classes of bounded twin-width is in FPT. With that result, they also claimed that posets of bounded width have bounded twin-width, thus capturing prior result on FO model checking of posets of bounded width in FPT. However, their translation from poset width to twin-width was indirect and giving only a very loose double-exponential bound. We prove that posets of width d have twin-width at most 8d with a direct and elementary argument, and show that this bound is tight up to a constant factor. Specifically, for posets of width 2 we prove that in the worst case their twin-width is also equal 2. These two theoretical results are complemented with straightforward algorithms to construct the respective contraction sequence for a given poset.

Jakub Balabán and Petr Hliněný. Twin-Width Is Linear in the Poset Width. In 16th International Symposium on Parameterized and Exact Computation (IPEC 2021). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 214, pp. 6:1-6:13, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2021)

Copy BibTex To Clipboard

@InProceedings{balaban_et_al:LIPIcs.IPEC.2021.6, author = {Balab\'{a}n, Jakub and Hlin\v{e}n\'{y}, Petr}, title = {{Twin-Width Is Linear in the Poset Width}}, booktitle = {16th International Symposium on Parameterized and Exact Computation (IPEC 2021)}, pages = {6:1--6:13}, series = {Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)}, ISBN = {978-3-95977-216-7}, ISSN = {1868-8969}, year = {2021}, volume = {214}, editor = {Golovach, Petr A. and Zehavi, Meirav}, publisher = {Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik}, address = {Dagstuhl, Germany}, URL = {https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.IPEC.2021.6}, URN = {urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-153895}, doi = {10.4230/LIPIcs.IPEC.2021.6}, annote = {Keywords: twin-width, digraph, poset, FO model checking, contraction sequence} }

Document

**Published in:** LIPIcs, Volume 202, 46th International Symposium on Mathematical Foundations of Computer Science (MFCS 2021)

We initiate the study of computational complexity of graph coverings, aka locally bijective graph homomorphisms, for graphs with semi-edges. The notion of graph covering is a discretization of coverings between surfaces or topological spaces, a notion well known and deeply studied in classical topology. Graph covers have found applications in discrete mathematics for constructing highly symmetric graphs, and in computer science in the theory of local computations. In 1991, Abello et al. asked for a classification of the computational complexity of deciding if an input graph covers a fixed target graph, in the ordinary setting (of graphs with only edges). Although many general results are known, the full classification is still open. In spite of that, we propose to study the more general case of covering graphs composed of normal edges (including multiedges and loops) and so-called semi-edges. Semi-edges are becoming increasingly popular in modern topological graph theory, as well as in mathematical physics. They also naturally occur in the local computation setting, since they are lifted to matchings in the covering graph. We show that the presence of semi-edges makes the covering problem considerably harder; e.g., it is no longer sufficient to specify the vertex mapping induced by the covering, but one necessarily has to deal with the edge mapping as well. We show some solvable cases and, in particular, completely characterize the complexity of the already very nontrivial problem of covering one- and two-vertex (multi)graphs with semi-edges. Our NP-hardness results are proven for simple input graphs, and in the case of regular two-vertex target graphs, even for bipartite ones. We remark that our new characterization results also strengthen previously known results for covering graphs without semi-edges, and they in turn apply to an infinite class of simple target graphs with at most two vertices of degree more than two. Some of the results are moreover proven in a more general setting (e.g., finding k-tuples of pairwise disjoint perfect matchings in regular graphs, or finding equitable partitions of regular bipartite graphs).

Jan Bok, Jiří Fiala, Petr Hliněný, Nikola Jedličková, and Jan Kratochvíl. Computational Complexity of Covering Multigraphs with Semi-Edges: Small Cases. In 46th International Symposium on Mathematical Foundations of Computer Science (MFCS 2021). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 202, pp. 21:1-21:15, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2021)

Copy BibTex To Clipboard

@InProceedings{bok_et_al:LIPIcs.MFCS.2021.21, author = {Bok, Jan and Fiala, Ji\v{r}{\'\i} and Hlin\v{e}n\'{y}, Petr and Jedli\v{c}kov\'{a}, Nikola and Kratochv{\'\i}l, Jan}, title = {{Computational Complexity of Covering Multigraphs with Semi-Edges: Small Cases}}, booktitle = {46th International Symposium on Mathematical Foundations of Computer Science (MFCS 2021)}, pages = {21:1--21:15}, series = {Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)}, ISBN = {978-3-95977-201-3}, ISSN = {1868-8969}, year = {2021}, volume = {202}, editor = {Bonchi, Filippo and Puglisi, Simon J.}, publisher = {Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik}, address = {Dagstuhl, Germany}, URL = {https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.MFCS.2021.21}, URN = {urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-144611}, doi = {10.4230/LIPIcs.MFCS.2021.21}, annote = {Keywords: graph cover, covering projection, semi-edges, multigraphs, complexity} }

Document

**Published in:** LIPIcs, Volume 170, 45th International Symposium on Mathematical Foundations of Computer Science (MFCS 2020)

An H-graph is the intersection graph of connected subgraphs of a suitable subdivision of a fixed graph H, introduced by Biró, Hujter and Tuza (1992). We focus on S_d-graphs as a special case generalizing interval graphs. A graph G is an S_d-graph iff it is the intersection graph of connected subgraphs of a subdivision of a star S_d with d rays.
We give an FPT algorithm to solve the isomorphism problem for S_d-graphs with the parameter d. This solves an open problem of Chaplick, Töpfer, Voborník and Zeman (2016). In the course of our proof, we also show that the isomorphism problem of S_d-graphs is computationally at least as hard as the isomorphism problem of posets of bounded width.

Deniz Ağaoğlu and Petr Hliněný. Isomorphism Problem for S_d-Graphs. In 45th International Symposium on Mathematical Foundations of Computer Science (MFCS 2020). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 170, pp. 4:1-4:14, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2020)

Copy BibTex To Clipboard

@InProceedings{agaoglu_et_al:LIPIcs.MFCS.2020.4, author = {A\u{g}ao\u{g}lu, Deniz and Hlin\v{e}n\'{y}, Petr}, title = {{Isomorphism Problem for S\underlined-Graphs}}, booktitle = {45th International Symposium on Mathematical Foundations of Computer Science (MFCS 2020)}, pages = {4:1--4:14}, series = {Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)}, ISBN = {978-3-95977-159-7}, ISSN = {1868-8969}, year = {2020}, volume = {170}, editor = {Esparza, Javier and Kr\'{a}l', Daniel}, publisher = {Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik}, address = {Dagstuhl, Germany}, URL = {https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.MFCS.2020.4}, URN = {urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-126754}, doi = {10.4230/LIPIcs.MFCS.2020.4}, annote = {Keywords: intersection graph, isomorphism testing, interval graph, H-graph} }

Document

**Published in:** LIPIcs, Volume 129, 35th International Symposium on Computational Geometry (SoCG 2019)

We study c-crossing-critical graphs, which are the minimal graphs that require at least c edge-crossings when drawn in the plane. For every fixed pair of integers with c >= 13 and d >= 1, we give first explicit constructions of c-crossing-critical graphs containing a vertex of degree greater than d. We also show that such unbounded degree constructions do not exist for c <=12, precisely, that there exists a constant D such that every c-crossing-critical graph with c <=12 has maximum degree at most D. Hence, the bounded maximum degree conjecture of c-crossing-critical graphs, which was generally disproved in 2010 by Dvořák and Mohar (without an explicit construction), holds true, surprisingly, exactly for the values c <=12.

Drago Bokal, Zdeněk Dvořák, Petr Hliněný, Jesús Leaños, Bojan Mohar, and Tilo Wiedera. Bounded Degree Conjecture Holds Precisely for c-Crossing-Critical Graphs with c <= 12. In 35th International Symposium on Computational Geometry (SoCG 2019). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 129, pp. 14:1-14:15, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2019)

Copy BibTex To Clipboard

@InProceedings{bokal_et_al:LIPIcs.SoCG.2019.14, author = {Bokal, Drago and Dvo\v{r}\'{a}k, Zden\v{e}k and Hlin\v{e}n\'{y}, Petr and Lea\~{n}os, Jes\'{u}s and Mohar, Bojan and Wiedera, Tilo}, title = {{Bounded Degree Conjecture Holds Precisely for c-Crossing-Critical Graphs with c \langle= 12}}, booktitle = {35th International Symposium on Computational Geometry (SoCG 2019)}, pages = {14:1--14:15}, series = {Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)}, ISBN = {978-3-95977-104-7}, ISSN = {1868-8969}, year = {2019}, volume = {129}, editor = {Barequet, Gill and Wang, Yusu}, publisher = {Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik}, address = {Dagstuhl, Germany}, URL = {https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.SoCG.2019.14}, URN = {urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-104183}, doi = {10.4230/LIPIcs.SoCG.2019.14}, annote = {Keywords: graph drawing, crossing number, crossing-critical, zip product} }

Document

**Published in:** LIPIcs, Volume 99, 34th International Symposium on Computational Geometry (SoCG 2018)

We study c-crossing-critical graphs, which are the minimal graphs that require at least c edge-crossings when drawn in the plane. For c=1 there are only two such graphs without degree-2 vertices, K_5 and K_{3,3}, but for any fixed c>1 there exist infinitely many c-crossing-critical graphs. It has been previously shown that c-crossing-critical graphs have bounded path-width and contain only a bounded number of internally disjoint paths between any two vertices. We expand on these results, providing a more detailed description of the structure of crossing-critical graphs. On the way towards this description, we prove a new structural characterisation of plane graphs of bounded path-width. Then we show that every c-crossing-critical graph can be obtained from a c-crossing-critical graph of bounded size by replicating bounded-size parts that already appear in narrow "bands" or "fans" in the graph. This also gives an algorithm to generate all the c-crossing-critical graphs of at most given order n in polynomial time per each generated graph.

Zdenek Dvorák, Petr Hlinený, and Bojan Mohar. Structure and Generation of Crossing-Critical Graphs. In 34th International Symposium on Computational Geometry (SoCG 2018). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 99, pp. 33:1-33:14, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2018)

Copy BibTex To Clipboard

@InProceedings{dvorak_et_al:LIPIcs.SoCG.2018.33, author = {Dvor\'{a}k, Zdenek and Hlinen\'{y}, Petr and Mohar, Bojan}, title = {{Structure and Generation of Crossing-Critical Graphs}}, booktitle = {34th International Symposium on Computational Geometry (SoCG 2018)}, pages = {33:1--33:14}, series = {Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)}, ISBN = {978-3-95977-066-8}, ISSN = {1868-8969}, year = {2018}, volume = {99}, editor = {Speckmann, Bettina and T\'{o}th, Csaba D.}, publisher = {Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik}, address = {Dagstuhl, Germany}, URL = {https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.SoCG.2018.33}, URN = {urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-87460}, doi = {10.4230/LIPIcs.SoCG.2018.33}, annote = {Keywords: crossing number, crossing-critical, path-width, exhaustive generation} }

Document

**Published in:** LIPIcs, Volume 89, 12th International Symposium on Parameterized and Exact Computation (IPEC 2017)

Over the past two decades the main focus of research into first-order (FO) model checking algorithms has been on sparse relational structures – culminating in the FPT algorithm by Grohe, Kreutzer and Siebertz for FO model checking of nowhere dense classes of graphs. On contrary to that, except the case of locally bounded clique-width only little is currently known about FO model checking of dense classes of graphs or other structures. We study the FO model checking problem for dense graph classes definable by geometric means (intersection and visibility graphs). We obtain new nontrivial FPT results, e.g., for restricted subclasses of circular-arc, circle, box, disk, and polygon-visibility graphs. These results use the FPT algorithm by Gajarský et al. for FO model checking of posets of bounded width. We also complement the tractability results by related hardness reductions.

Petr Hlineny, Filip Pokrývka, and Bodhayan Roy. FO Model Checking of Geometric Graphs. In 12th International Symposium on Parameterized and Exact Computation (IPEC 2017). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 89, pp. 19:1-19:12, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2018)

Copy BibTex To Clipboard

@InProceedings{hlineny_et_al:LIPIcs.IPEC.2017.19, author = {Hlineny, Petr and Pokr\'{y}vka, Filip and Roy, Bodhayan}, title = {{FO Model Checking of Geometric Graphs}}, booktitle = {12th International Symposium on Parameterized and Exact Computation (IPEC 2017)}, pages = {19:1--19:12}, series = {Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)}, ISBN = {978-3-95977-051-4}, ISSN = {1868-8969}, year = {2018}, volume = {89}, editor = {Lokshtanov, Daniel and Nishimura, Naomi}, publisher = {Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik}, address = {Dagstuhl, Germany}, URL = {https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.IPEC.2017.19}, URN = {urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-85597}, doi = {10.4230/LIPIcs.IPEC.2017.19}, annote = {Keywords: first-order logic, model checking, fixed-parameter tractability, intersection graphs, visibility graphs} }

Document

**Published in:** LIPIcs, Volume 93, 37th IARCS Annual Conference on Foundations of Software Technology and Theoretical Computer Science (FSTTCS 2017)

We study the problem of colouring the visibility graphs of polygons. In particular, we provide
a polynomial algorithm for 4-colouring of the polygon visibility graphs, and prove that the 6-
colourability question is already NP-complete for them.

Onur Cagirici, Petr Hlinený, and Bodhayan Roy. On Colourability of Polygon Visibility Graphs. In 37th IARCS Annual Conference on Foundations of Software Technology and Theoretical Computer Science (FSTTCS 2017). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 93, pp. 21:1-21:14, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2018)

Copy BibTex To Clipboard

@InProceedings{cagirici_et_al:LIPIcs.FSTTCS.2017.21, author = {Cagirici, Onur and Hlinen\'{y}, Petr and Roy, Bodhayan}, title = {{On Colourability of Polygon Visibility Graphs}}, booktitle = {37th IARCS Annual Conference on Foundations of Software Technology and Theoretical Computer Science (FSTTCS 2017)}, pages = {21:1--21:14}, series = {Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)}, ISBN = {978-3-95977-055-2}, ISSN = {1868-8969}, year = {2018}, volume = {93}, editor = {Lokam, Satya and Ramanujam, R.}, publisher = {Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik}, address = {Dagstuhl, Germany}, URL = {https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.FSTTCS.2017.21}, URN = {urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-83814}, doi = {10.4230/LIPIcs.FSTTCS.2017.21}, annote = {Keywords: polygon visibility graph, graph coloring, NP-completeness} }

Document

**Published in:** LIPIcs, Volume 51, 32nd International Symposium on Computational Geometry (SoCG 2016)

Let G be a connected planar (but not yet embedded) graph and F a set of additional edges not in G. The multiple edge insertion problem (MEI) asks for a drawing of G+F with the minimum number of pairwise edge crossings, such that the subdrawing of G is plane. An optimal solution to this problem is known to approximate the crossing number of the graph G+F.
Finding an exact solution to MEI is NP-hard for general F, but linear time solvable for the special case of |F|=1 [Gutwenger et al, SODA 2001/Algorithmica] and polynomial time solvable when all of F are incident to a new vertex [Chimani et al, SODA 2009]. The complexity for general F but with constant k=|F| was open, but algorithms both with relative and absolute approximation guarantees have been presented [Chuzhoy et al, SODA 2011], [Chimani-Hlineny, ICALP 2011]. We show that the problem is fixed parameter tractable (FPT) in k for biconnected G, or if the cut vertices of G have bounded degrees. We give the first exact algorithm for this problem; it requires only O(|V(G)|) time for any constant k.

Markus Chimani and Petr Hlinený. Inserting Multiple Edges into a Planar Graph. In 32nd International Symposium on Computational Geometry (SoCG 2016). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 51, pp. 30:1-30:15, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2016)

Copy BibTex To Clipboard

@InProceedings{chimani_et_al:LIPIcs.SoCG.2016.30, author = {Chimani, Markus and Hlinen\'{y}, Petr}, title = {{Inserting Multiple Edges into a Planar Graph}}, booktitle = {32nd International Symposium on Computational Geometry (SoCG 2016)}, pages = {30:1--30:15}, series = {Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)}, ISBN = {978-3-95977-009-5}, ISSN = {1868-8969}, year = {2016}, volume = {51}, editor = {Fekete, S\'{a}ndor and Lubiw, Anna}, publisher = {Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik}, address = {Dagstuhl, Germany}, URL = {https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.SoCG.2016.30}, URN = {urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-59223}, doi = {10.4230/LIPIcs.SoCG.2016.30}, annote = {Keywords: crossing number, edge insertion, parameterized complexity, path homotopy, funnel algorithm} }

Document

**Published in:** LIPIcs, Volume 51, 32nd International Symposium on Computational Geometry (SoCG 2016)

The graph crossing number problem, cr(G)<=k, asks for a drawing of a graph G in the plane with at most k edge crossings. Although this problem is in general notoriously difficult, it is fixed-parameter tractable for the parameter k [Grohe, STOC 2001]. This suggests a closely related question of whether this problem has a polynomial kernel, meaning whether every instance of cr(G)<=k can be in polynomial time reduced to an equivalent instance of size polynomial in k (and independent of |G|). We answer this question in the negative. Along the proof we show that the tile crossing number problem of twisted planar tiles is NP-hard, which has been an open problem for some time, too, and then employ the complexity technique of cross-composition. Our result holds already for the special case of graphs obtained from planar graphs by adding one edge.

Petr Hlinený and Marek Dernár. Crossing Number is Hard for Kernelization. In 32nd International Symposium on Computational Geometry (SoCG 2016). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 51, pp. 42:1-42:10, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2016)

Copy BibTex To Clipboard

@InProceedings{hlineny_et_al:LIPIcs.SoCG.2016.42, author = {Hlinen\'{y}, Petr and Dern\'{a}r, Marek}, title = {{Crossing Number is Hard for Kernelization}}, booktitle = {32nd International Symposium on Computational Geometry (SoCG 2016)}, pages = {42:1--42:10}, series = {Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)}, ISBN = {978-3-95977-009-5}, ISSN = {1868-8969}, year = {2016}, volume = {51}, editor = {Fekete, S\'{a}ndor and Lubiw, Anna}, publisher = {Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik}, address = {Dagstuhl, Germany}, URL = {https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.SoCG.2016.42}, URN = {urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-59347}, doi = {10.4230/LIPIcs.SoCG.2016.42}, annote = {Keywords: crossing number; tile crossing number; parameterized complexity; polynomial kernel; cross-composition} }

Document

**Published in:** LIPIcs, Volume 18, IARCS Annual Conference on Foundations of Software Technology and Theoretical Computer Science (FSTTCS 2012)

We prove, in the universe of trees of bounded height, that for any MSO formula with $m$ variables there exists a set of kernels such that the size of each of these kernels can be bounded by an elementary function of m. This yields a faster MSO model checking algorithm for trees of bounded height than the one for general trees.
From that we obtain, by means of interpretation, corresponding results for the classes of graphs of bounded tree-depth (MSO_2) and shrub-depth (MSO_1), and thus we give wide generalizations of Lampis' (ESA 2010) and Ganian's (IPEC 2011) results. In the second part of the paper we use this kernel structure to show that FO has the same expressive power as MSO_1 on the graph classes of bounded shrub-depth. This makes bounded shrub-depth a good candidate for characterization of the hereditary classes of graphs on which FO and MSO_1 coincide, a problem recently posed by Elberfeld, Grohe, and Tantau (LICS 2012).

Jakub Gajarsky and Petr Hlineny. Faster Deciding MSO Properties of Trees of Fixed Height, and Some Consequences. In IARCS Annual Conference on Foundations of Software Technology and Theoretical Computer Science (FSTTCS 2012). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 18, pp. 112-123, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2012)

Copy BibTex To Clipboard

@InProceedings{gajarsky_et_al:LIPIcs.FSTTCS.2012.112, author = {Gajarsky, Jakub and Hlineny, Petr}, title = {{Faster Deciding MSO Properties of Trees of Fixed Height, and Some Consequences}}, booktitle = {IARCS Annual Conference on Foundations of Software Technology and Theoretical Computer Science (FSTTCS 2012)}, pages = {112--123}, series = {Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)}, ISBN = {978-3-939897-47-7}, ISSN = {1868-8969}, year = {2012}, volume = {18}, editor = {D'Souza, Deepak and Radhakrishnan, Jaikumar and Telikepalli, Kavitha}, publisher = {Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik}, address = {Dagstuhl, Germany}, URL = {https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.FSTTCS.2012.112}, URN = {urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-38553}, doi = {10.4230/LIPIcs.FSTTCS.2012.112}, annote = {Keywords: MSO graph property, tree-width, tree-depth, shrub-depth} }

Document

Complete Volume

**Published in:** OASIcs, Volume 13, Annual Doctoral Workshop on Mathematical and Engineering Methods in Computer Science (MEMICS'09) (2009)

OASIcs, Volume 13, MEMICS'09, Complete Volume

Annual Doctoral Workshop on Mathematical and Engineering Methods in Computer Science (MEMICS'09). Open Access Series in Informatics (OASIcs), Volume 13, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2012)

Copy BibTex To Clipboard

@Proceedings{hlineny_et_al:OASIcs.MEMICS.2009, title = {{OASIcs, Volume 13, MEMICS'09, Complete Volume}}, booktitle = {Annual Doctoral Workshop on Mathematical and Engineering Methods in Computer Science (MEMICS'09)}, series = {Open Access Series in Informatics (OASIcs)}, ISBN = {978-3-939897-15-6}, ISSN = {2190-6807}, year = {2012}, volume = {13}, editor = {Hlinen\'{y}, Petr and Maty\'{a}\v{s}, V\'{a}clav and Vojnar, Tom\'{a}\v{s}}, publisher = {Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik}, address = {Dagstuhl, Germany}, URL = {https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/OASIcs.MEMICS.2009}, URN = {urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-35756}, doi = {10.4230/OASIcs.MEMICS.2009}, annote = {Keywords: Mathematics of Computing, Physical Sciences and Engineering} }

Document

**Published in:** LIPIcs, Volume 14, 29th International Symposium on Theoretical Aspects of Computer Science (STACS 2012)

One of the most important algorithmic meta-theorems is a famous result
by Courcelle, which states that any graph problem definable in monadic second-order logic with edge-set quantifications (MSO2) is decidable in linear time on any class of graphs of bounded tree-width. In the parlance of parameterized complexity, this means that MSO2 model-checking is fixed-parameter tractable with respect to the tree-width as parameter. Recently, Kreutzer and Tazari proved a corresponding complexity lower-bound---that MSO2 model-checking is not even in XP wrt the formula size as parameter for graph classes that are subgraph-closed and whose tree-width is poly-logarithmically unbounded. Of course, this is not an unconditional result but holds modulo a certain complexity-theoretic assumption, namely, the Exponential Time Hypothesis (ETH).
In this paper we present a closely related result. We show that
even MSO1 model-checking with a fixed set of vertex labels,
but without edge-set quantifications, is not in XP wrt the formula
size as parameter for graph classes which are subgraph-closed and
whose tree-width is poly-logarithmically unbounded unless the non-uniform ETH fails. In comparison to Kreutzer and Tazari, (1) we use a stronger prerequisite, namely non-uniform instead of uniform ETH, to avoid the effectiveness assumption and the construction of certain obstructions used in their proofs; and (2) we assume a different set of problems to be efficiently decidable, namely MSO1-definable properties on vertex labeled graphs instead of MSO2-definable properties on unlabeled graphs.
Our result has an interesting consequence in the realm of digraph width measures: Strengthening a recent result, we show that no
subdigraph-monotone measure can be algorithmically useful, unless it is within a poly-logarithmic factor of (undirected) tree-width.

Robert Ganian, Petr Hlineny, Alexander Langer, Jan Obdržálek, Peter Rossmanith, and Somnath Sikdar. Lower Bounds on the Complexity of MSO_1 Model-Checking. In 29th International Symposium on Theoretical Aspects of Computer Science (STACS 2012). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 14, pp. 326-337, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2012)

Copy BibTex To Clipboard

@InProceedings{ganian_et_al:LIPIcs.STACS.2012.326, author = {Ganian, Robert and Hlineny, Petr and Langer, Alexander and Obdr\v{z}\'{a}lek, Jan and Rossmanith, Peter and Sikdar, Somnath}, title = {{Lower Bounds on the Complexity of MSO\underline1 Model-Checking}}, booktitle = {29th International Symposium on Theoretical Aspects of Computer Science (STACS 2012)}, pages = {326--337}, series = {Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)}, ISBN = {978-3-939897-35-4}, ISSN = {1868-8969}, year = {2012}, volume = {14}, editor = {D\"{u}rr, Christoph and Wilke, Thomas}, publisher = {Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik}, address = {Dagstuhl, Germany}, URL = {https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.STACS.2012.326}, URN = {urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-34185}, doi = {10.4230/LIPIcs.STACS.2012.326}, annote = {Keywords: Monadic Second-Order Logic, Treewidth, Lower Bounds, Exponential Time Hypothesis, Parameterized Complexity} }

Document

**Published in:** LIPIcs, Volume 9, 28th International Symposium on Theoretical Aspects of Computer Science (STACS 2011)

In recent years, the parameterized complexity approach has lead to the introduction of many new algorithms and frameworks on graphs and digraphs of bounded clique-width and, equivalently, rank-width. However, despite intensive work on the subject, there still exist well-established hard problems where neither a parameterized algorithm nor a theoretical obstacle to its existence are known. Our article is interested mainly in the digraph case, targeting the well-known Minimum Leaf Out-Branching (cf. also Minimum Leaf Spanning Tree) and Edge Disjoint Paths problems on digraphs of bounded clique-width with non-standard new approaches.
The first part of the article deals with the Minimum Leaf Out-Branching problem and introduces a novel XP-time algorithm wrt. clique-width. We remark that this problem is known to be W[2]-hard, and that our algorithm does not resemble any of the previously published attempts solving special cases of it such as the Hamiltonian Path. The second part then looks at the Edge Disjoint Paths problem (both on graphs and digraphs) from a different perspective -- rather surprisingly showing that this problem has a definition in the MSO_1 logic of graphs. The linear-time FPT algorithm wrt. clique-width then follows as a direct consequence.

Robert Ganian, Petr Hlineny, and Jan Obdrzalek. Clique-width: When Hard Does Not Mean Impossible. In 28th International Symposium on Theoretical Aspects of Computer Science (STACS 2011). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 9, pp. 404-415, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2011)

Copy BibTex To Clipboard

@InProceedings{ganian_et_al:LIPIcs.STACS.2011.404, author = {Ganian, Robert and Hlineny, Petr and Obdrzalek, Jan}, title = {{Clique-width: When Hard Does Not Mean Impossible}}, booktitle = {28th International Symposium on Theoretical Aspects of Computer Science (STACS 2011)}, pages = {404--415}, series = {Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)}, ISBN = {978-3-939897-25-5}, ISSN = {1868-8969}, year = {2011}, volume = {9}, editor = {Schwentick, Thomas and D\"{u}rr, Christoph}, publisher = {Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik}, address = {Dagstuhl, Germany}, URL = {https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.STACS.2011.404}, URN = {urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-30309}, doi = {10.4230/LIPIcs.STACS.2011.404}, annote = {Keywords: clique-width, bi-rank-width, minimum leaf out-branching, minimum leaf spanning tree, edge-disjoint paths} }

Document

**Published in:** LIPIcs, Volume 8, IARCS Annual Conference on Foundations of Software Technology and Theoretical Computer Science (FSTTCS 2010)

We provide a parameterized polynomial algorithm for the propositional model counting problem #SAT, the runtime of which is single-exponential in the rank-width of a formula. Previously, analogous algorithms have been known --e.g. [Fischer, Makowsky, and Ravve]-- with a single-exponential dependency on the clique-width of a formula. Our algorithm thus presents an exponential runtime improvement (since clique-width reaches up to exponentially higher values than rank-width), and can be of practical interest for small values of rank-width. We also provide an algorithm for the MAX-SAT problem along the same lines.

Robert Ganian, Petr Hlinený, and Jan Obdrzálek. Better Algorithms for Satisfiability Problems for Formulas of Bounded Rank-width. In IARCS Annual Conference on Foundations of Software Technology and Theoretical Computer Science (FSTTCS 2010). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 8, pp. 73-83, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2010)

Copy BibTex To Clipboard

@InProceedings{ganian_et_al:LIPIcs.FSTTCS.2010.73, author = {Ganian, Robert and Hlinen\'{y}, Petr and Obdrz\'{a}lek, Jan}, title = {{Better Algorithms for Satisfiability Problems for Formulas of Bounded Rank-width}}, booktitle = {IARCS Annual Conference on Foundations of Software Technology and Theoretical Computer Science (FSTTCS 2010)}, pages = {73--83}, series = {Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)}, ISBN = {978-3-939897-23-1}, ISSN = {1868-8969}, year = {2010}, volume = {8}, editor = {Lodaya, Kamal and Mahajan, Meena}, publisher = {Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik}, address = {Dagstuhl, Germany}, URL = {https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.FSTTCS.2010.73}, URN = {urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-28541}, doi = {10.4230/LIPIcs.FSTTCS.2010.73}, annote = {Keywords: propositional model counting; satisfiability; rank-width; clique-width ; parameterized complexity} }

Document

Front Matter

**Published in:** OASIcs, Volume 13, Annual Doctoral Workshop on Mathematical and Engineering Methods in Computer Science (MEMICS'09) (2009)

The 2009 edition of the International Doctoral Workshop on Mathematical and Engineering Methods in Computer Science (MEMICS'09) is the fifth in a~row of three-day workshops organized in South Moravia by Faculty of Information Technology of Brno University of Technology and Faculty of Informatics of Masaryk University.
MEMICS'09 was held in Znojmo, Czech Republic, on November 13--15, 2009.

Annual Doctoral Workshop on Mathematical and Engineering Methods in Computer Science (MEMICS'09). Open Access Series in Informatics (OASIcs), Volume 13, pp. i-vi, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2009)

Copy BibTex To Clipboard

@InProceedings{hlineny_et_al:OASIcs:2009:DROPS.MEMICS.2009.2342, author = {Hlinen\'{y}, Petr and Maty\'{a}\v{s}, V\'{a}clav and Vojnar, Tom\'{a}\v{s}}, title = {{Preface -- Annual Doctoral Workshop on Mathematical and Engineering Methods in Computer Science (MEMICS'09)}}, booktitle = {Annual Doctoral Workshop on Mathematical and Engineering Methods in Computer Science (MEMICS'09)}, pages = {i--vi}, series = {Open Access Series in Informatics (OASIcs)}, ISBN = {978-3-939897-15-6}, ISSN = {2190-6807}, year = {2009}, volume = {13}, editor = {Hlinen\'{y}, Petr and Maty\'{a}\v{s}, V\'{a}clav and Vojnar, Tom\'{a}\v{s}}, publisher = {Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik}, address = {Dagstuhl, Germany}, URL = {https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/DROPS.MEMICS.2009.2342}, URN = {urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-23425}, doi = {10.4230/DROPS.MEMICS.2009.2342}, annote = {Keywords: MEMICS 2009} }

Document

**Published in:** LIPIcs, Volume 283, 34th International Symposium on Algorithms and Computation (ISAAC 2023)

Twin-width is a structural width parameter introduced by Bonnet, Kim, Thomassé and Watrigant [FOCS 2020]. Very briefly, its essence is a gradual reduction (a contraction sequence) of the given graph down to a single vertex while maintaining limited difference of neighbourhoods of the vertices, and it can be seen as widely generalizing several other traditional structural parameters. Having such a sequence at hand allows to solve many otherwise hard problems efficiently. Our paper focuses on a comparison of twin-width to the more traditional tree-width on sparse graphs. Namely, we prove that if a graph G of twin-width at most 2 contains no K_{t,t} subgraph for some integer t, then the tree-width of G is bounded by a polynomial function of t. As a consequence, for any sparse graph class C we obtain a polynomial time algorithm which for any input graph G ∈ C either outputs a contraction sequence of width at most c (where c depends only on C), or correctly outputs that G has twin-width more than 2. On the other hand, we present an easy example of a graph class of twin-width 3 with unbounded tree-width, showing that our result cannot be extended to higher values of twin-width.

Benjamin Bergougnoux, Jakub Gajarský, Grzegorz Guśpiel, Petr Hliněný, Filip Pokrývka, and Marek Sokołowski. Sparse Graphs of Twin-Width 2 Have Bounded Tree-Width. In 34th International Symposium on Algorithms and Computation (ISAAC 2023). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 283, pp. 11:1-11:13, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2023)

Copy BibTex To Clipboard

@InProceedings{bergougnoux_et_al:LIPIcs.ISAAC.2023.11, author = {Bergougnoux, Benjamin and Gajarsk\'{y}, Jakub and Gu\'{s}piel, Grzegorz and Hlin\v{e}n\'{y}, Petr and Pokr\'{y}vka, Filip and Soko{\l}owski, Marek}, title = {{Sparse Graphs of Twin-Width 2 Have Bounded Tree-Width}}, booktitle = {34th International Symposium on Algorithms and Computation (ISAAC 2023)}, pages = {11:1--11:13}, series = {Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)}, ISBN = {978-3-95977-289-1}, ISSN = {1868-8969}, year = {2023}, volume = {283}, editor = {Iwata, Satoru and Kakimura, Naonori}, publisher = {Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik}, address = {Dagstuhl, Germany}, URL = {https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.ISAAC.2023.11}, URN = {urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-193130}, doi = {10.4230/LIPIcs.ISAAC.2023.11}, annote = {Keywords: twin-width, tree-width, excluded grid, sparsity} }

Document

**Published in:** LIPIcs, Volume 272, 48th International Symposium on Mathematical Foundations of Computer Science (MFCS 2023)

In 1992 Biró, Hujter and Tuza introduced, for every fixed connected graph H, the class of H-graphs, defined as the intersection graphs of connected subgraphs of some subdivision of H. Such classes of graphs are related to many known graph classes: for example, K₂-graphs coincide with interval graphs, K₃-graphs with circular-arc graphs, the union of T-graphs, where T ranges over all trees, coincides with chordal graphs. Recently, quite a lot of research has been devoted to understanding the tractability border for various computational problems, such as recognition or isomorphism testing, in classes of H-graphs for different graphs H.
In this work we undertake this research topic, focusing on the recognition problem. Chaplick, Töpfer, Voborník, and Zeman showed an XP-algorithm testing whether a given graph is a T-graph, where the parameter is the size of the tree T. In particular, for every fixed tree T the recognition of T-graphs can be solved in polynomial time. Tucker showed a polynomial time algorithm recognizing K₃-graphs (circular-arc graphs). On the other hand, Chaplick et al. showed also that for every fixed graph H containing two distinct cycles sharing an edge, the recognition of H-graphs is NP-hard.
The main two results of this work narrow the gap between the NP-hard and 𝖯 cases of H-graph recognition. First, we show that the recognition of H-graphs is NP-hard when H contains two distinct cycles. On the other hand, we show a polynomial-time algorithm recognizing L-graphs, where L is a graph containing a cycle and an edge attached to it (which we call lollipop graphs). Our work leaves open the recognition problems of M-graphs for every unicyclic graph M different from a cycle and a lollipop.

Deniz Ağaoğlu Çağırıcı, Onur Çağırıcı, Jan Derbisz, Tim A. Hartmann, Petr Hliněný, Jan Kratochvíl, Tomasz Krawczyk, and Peter Zeman. Recognizing H-Graphs - Beyond Circular-Arc Graphs. In 48th International Symposium on Mathematical Foundations of Computer Science (MFCS 2023). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 272, pp. 8:1-8:14, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2023)

Copy BibTex To Clipboard

@InProceedings{agaoglucagirici_et_al:LIPIcs.MFCS.2023.8, author = {A\u{g}ao\u{g}lu \c{C}a\u{g}{\i}r{\i}c{\i}, Deniz and \c{C}a\u{g}{\i}r{\i}c{\i}, Onur and Derbisz, Jan and Hartmann, Tim A. and Hlin\v{e}n\'{y}, Petr and Kratochv{\'\i}l, Jan and Krawczyk, Tomasz and Zeman, Peter}, title = {{Recognizing H-Graphs - Beyond Circular-Arc Graphs}}, booktitle = {48th International Symposium on Mathematical Foundations of Computer Science (MFCS 2023)}, pages = {8:1--8:14}, series = {Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)}, ISBN = {978-3-95977-292-1}, ISSN = {1868-8969}, year = {2023}, volume = {272}, editor = {Leroux, J\'{e}r\^{o}me and Lombardy, Sylvain and Peleg, David}, publisher = {Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik}, address = {Dagstuhl, Germany}, URL = {https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.MFCS.2023.8}, URN = {urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-185420}, doi = {10.4230/LIPIcs.MFCS.2023.8}, annote = {Keywords: H-graphs, Intersection Graphs, Helly Property} }

Document

Track A: Algorithms, Complexity and Games

**Published in:** LIPIcs, Volume 261, 50th International Colloquium on Automata, Languages, and Programming (ICALP 2023)

Twin-width is a structural width parameter introduced by Bonnet, Kim, Thomassé and Watrigant [FOCS 2020]. Very briefly, its essence is a gradual reduction (a contraction sequence) of the given graph down to a single vertex while maintaining limited difference of neighbourhoods of the vertices, and it can be seen as widely generalizing several other traditional structural parameters. Having such a sequence at hand allows us to solve many otherwise hard problems efficiently. Graph classes of bounded twin-width, in which appropriate contraction sequences are efficiently constructible, are thus of interest in combinatorics and in computer science. However, we currently do not know in general how to obtain a witnessing contraction sequence of low width efficiently, and published upper bounds on the twin-width in non-trivial cases are often "astronomically large".
We focus on planar graphs, which are known to have bounded twin-width (already since the introduction of twin-width), but the first explicit "non-astronomical" upper bounds on the twin-width of planar graphs appeared just a year ago; namely the bound of at most 183 by Jacob and Pilipczuk [arXiv, January 2022], and 583 by Bonnet, Kwon and Wood [arXiv, February 2022]. Subsequent arXiv manuscripts in 2022 improved the bound down to 37 (Bekos et al.), 11 and 9 (both by Hliněný). We further elaborate on the approach used in the latter manuscripts, proving that the twin-width of every planar graph is at most 8, and construct a witnessing contraction sequence in linear time. Note that the currently best lower-bound planar example is of twin-width 7, by Král' and Lamaison [arXiv, September 2022]. We also prove that the twin-width of every bipartite planar graph is at most 6, and again construct a witnessing contraction sequence in linear time.

Petr Hliněný and Jan Jedelský. Twin-Width of Planar Graphs Is at Most 8, and at Most 6 When Bipartite Planar. In 50th International Colloquium on Automata, Languages, and Programming (ICALP 2023). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 261, pp. 75:1-75:18, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2023)

Copy BibTex To Clipboard

@InProceedings{hlineny_et_al:LIPIcs.ICALP.2023.75, author = {Hlin\v{e}n\'{y}, Petr and Jedelsk\'{y}, Jan}, title = {{Twin-Width of Planar Graphs Is at Most 8, and at Most 6 When Bipartite Planar}}, booktitle = {50th International Colloquium on Automata, Languages, and Programming (ICALP 2023)}, pages = {75:1--75:18}, series = {Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)}, ISBN = {978-3-95977-278-5}, ISSN = {1868-8969}, year = {2023}, volume = {261}, editor = {Etessami, Kousha and Feige, Uriel and Puppis, Gabriele}, publisher = {Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik}, address = {Dagstuhl, Germany}, URL = {https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.ICALP.2023.75}, URN = {urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-181271}, doi = {10.4230/LIPIcs.ICALP.2023.75}, annote = {Keywords: twin-width, planar graph} }

Document

**Published in:** LIPIcs, Volume 248, 33rd International Symposium on Algorithms and Computation (ISAAC 2022)

Graph product structure theory expresses certain graphs as subgraphs of the strong product of much simpler graphs. In particular, an elegant formulation for the corresponding structural theorems involves the strong product of a path and of a bounded treewidth graph, and allows to lift combinatorial results for bounded treewidth graphs to graph classes for which the product structure holds, such as to planar graphs [Dujmović et al., J. ACM, 67(4), 22:1-38, 2020].
In this paper, we join the search for extensions of this powerful tool beyond planarity by considering the h-framed graphs, a graph class that includes 1-planar, optimal 2-planar, and k-map graphs (for appropriate values of h). We establish a graph product structure theorem for h-framed graphs stating that the graphs in this class are subgraphs of the strong product of a path, of a planar graph of treewidth at most 3, and of a clique of size 3⌊ h/2 ⌋+⌊ h/3 ⌋-1. This allows us to improve over the previous structural theorems for 1-planar and k-map graphs. Our results constitute significant progress over the previous bounds on the queue number, non-repetitive chromatic number, and p-centered chromatic number of these graph classes, e.g., we lower the currently best upper bound on the queue number of 1-planar graphs and k-map graphs from 115 to 82 and from ⌊ 33/2(k+3 ⌊ k/2⌋ -3)⌋ to ⌊ 33/2 (3⌊ k/2 ⌋+⌊ k/3 ⌋-1) ⌋, respectively. We also employ the product structure machinery to improve the current upper bounds on the twin-width of 1-planar graphs from O(1) to 80. All our structural results are constructive and yield efficient algorithms to obtain the corresponding decompositions.

Michael A. Bekos, Giordano Da Lozzo, Petr Hliněný, and Michael Kaufmann. Graph Product Structure for h-Framed Graphs. In 33rd International Symposium on Algorithms and Computation (ISAAC 2022). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 248, pp. 23:1-23:15, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2022)

Copy BibTex To Clipboard

@InProceedings{bekos_et_al:LIPIcs.ISAAC.2022.23, author = {Bekos, Michael A. and Da Lozzo, Giordano and Hlin\v{e}n\'{y}, Petr and Kaufmann, Michael}, title = {{Graph Product Structure for h-Framed Graphs}}, booktitle = {33rd International Symposium on Algorithms and Computation (ISAAC 2022)}, pages = {23:1--23:15}, series = {Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)}, ISBN = {978-3-95977-258-7}, ISSN = {1868-8969}, year = {2022}, volume = {248}, editor = {Bae, Sang Won and Park, Heejin}, publisher = {Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik}, address = {Dagstuhl, Germany}, URL = {https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.ISAAC.2022.23}, URN = {urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-173086}, doi = {10.4230/LIPIcs.ISAAC.2022.23}, annote = {Keywords: Graph product structure theory, h-framed graphs, k-map graphs, queue number, twin-width} }

Document

**Published in:** LIPIcs, Volume 224, 38th International Symposium on Computational Geometry (SoCG 2022)

Inspired by the increasingly popular research on extending partial graph drawings, we propose a new perspective on the traditional and arguably most important geometric graph parameter, the crossing number. Specifically, we define the partially predrawn crossing number to be the smallest number of crossings in any drawing of a graph, part of which is prescribed on the input (not counting the prescribed crossings). Our main result - an FPT-algorithm to compute the partially predrawn crossing number - combines advanced ideas from research on the classical crossing number and so called partial planarity in a very natural but intricate way. Not only do our techniques generalise the known FPT-algorithm by Grohe for computing the standard crossing number, they also allow us to substantially improve a number of recent parameterised results for various drawing extension problems.

Thekla Hamm and Petr Hliněný. Parameterised Partially-Predrawn Crossing Number. In 38th International Symposium on Computational Geometry (SoCG 2022). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 224, pp. 46:1-46:15, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2022)

Copy BibTex To Clipboard

@InProceedings{hamm_et_al:LIPIcs.SoCG.2022.46, author = {Hamm, Thekla and Hlin\v{e}n\'{y}, Petr}, title = {{Parameterised Partially-Predrawn Crossing Number}}, booktitle = {38th International Symposium on Computational Geometry (SoCG 2022)}, pages = {46:1--46:15}, series = {Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)}, ISBN = {978-3-95977-227-3}, ISSN = {1868-8969}, year = {2022}, volume = {224}, editor = {Goaoc, Xavier and Kerber, Michael}, publisher = {Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik}, address = {Dagstuhl, Germany}, URL = {https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.SoCG.2022.46}, URN = {urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-160547}, doi = {10.4230/LIPIcs.SoCG.2022.46}, annote = {Keywords: Crossing Number, Drawing Extension, Partial Planarity, Parameterised Complexity} }

Document

**Published in:** LIPIcs, Volume 214, 16th International Symposium on Parameterized and Exact Computation (IPEC 2021)

Twin-width is a new parameter informally measuring how diverse are the neighbourhoods of the graph vertices, and it extends also to other binary relational structures, e.g. to digraphs and posets. It was introduced just very recently, in 2020 by Bonnet, Kim, Thomassé and Watrigant. One of the core results of these authors is that FO model checking on graph classes of bounded twin-width is in FPT. With that result, they also claimed that posets of bounded width have bounded twin-width, thus capturing prior result on FO model checking of posets of bounded width in FPT. However, their translation from poset width to twin-width was indirect and giving only a very loose double-exponential bound. We prove that posets of width d have twin-width at most 8d with a direct and elementary argument, and show that this bound is tight up to a constant factor. Specifically, for posets of width 2 we prove that in the worst case their twin-width is also equal 2. These two theoretical results are complemented with straightforward algorithms to construct the respective contraction sequence for a given poset.

Jakub Balabán and Petr Hliněný. Twin-Width Is Linear in the Poset Width. In 16th International Symposium on Parameterized and Exact Computation (IPEC 2021). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 214, pp. 6:1-6:13, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2021)

Copy BibTex To Clipboard

@InProceedings{balaban_et_al:LIPIcs.IPEC.2021.6, author = {Balab\'{a}n, Jakub and Hlin\v{e}n\'{y}, Petr}, title = {{Twin-Width Is Linear in the Poset Width}}, booktitle = {16th International Symposium on Parameterized and Exact Computation (IPEC 2021)}, pages = {6:1--6:13}, series = {Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)}, ISBN = {978-3-95977-216-7}, ISSN = {1868-8969}, year = {2021}, volume = {214}, editor = {Golovach, Petr A. and Zehavi, Meirav}, publisher = {Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik}, address = {Dagstuhl, Germany}, URL = {https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.IPEC.2021.6}, URN = {urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-153895}, doi = {10.4230/LIPIcs.IPEC.2021.6}, annote = {Keywords: twin-width, digraph, poset, FO model checking, contraction sequence} }

Document

**Published in:** LIPIcs, Volume 202, 46th International Symposium on Mathematical Foundations of Computer Science (MFCS 2021)

We initiate the study of computational complexity of graph coverings, aka locally bijective graph homomorphisms, for graphs with semi-edges. The notion of graph covering is a discretization of coverings between surfaces or topological spaces, a notion well known and deeply studied in classical topology. Graph covers have found applications in discrete mathematics for constructing highly symmetric graphs, and in computer science in the theory of local computations. In 1991, Abello et al. asked for a classification of the computational complexity of deciding if an input graph covers a fixed target graph, in the ordinary setting (of graphs with only edges). Although many general results are known, the full classification is still open. In spite of that, we propose to study the more general case of covering graphs composed of normal edges (including multiedges and loops) and so-called semi-edges. Semi-edges are becoming increasingly popular in modern topological graph theory, as well as in mathematical physics. They also naturally occur in the local computation setting, since they are lifted to matchings in the covering graph. We show that the presence of semi-edges makes the covering problem considerably harder; e.g., it is no longer sufficient to specify the vertex mapping induced by the covering, but one necessarily has to deal with the edge mapping as well. We show some solvable cases and, in particular, completely characterize the complexity of the already very nontrivial problem of covering one- and two-vertex (multi)graphs with semi-edges. Our NP-hardness results are proven for simple input graphs, and in the case of regular two-vertex target graphs, even for bipartite ones. We remark that our new characterization results also strengthen previously known results for covering graphs without semi-edges, and they in turn apply to an infinite class of simple target graphs with at most two vertices of degree more than two. Some of the results are moreover proven in a more general setting (e.g., finding k-tuples of pairwise disjoint perfect matchings in regular graphs, or finding equitable partitions of regular bipartite graphs).

Jan Bok, Jiří Fiala, Petr Hliněný, Nikola Jedličková, and Jan Kratochvíl. Computational Complexity of Covering Multigraphs with Semi-Edges: Small Cases. In 46th International Symposium on Mathematical Foundations of Computer Science (MFCS 2021). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 202, pp. 21:1-21:15, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2021)

Copy BibTex To Clipboard

@InProceedings{bok_et_al:LIPIcs.MFCS.2021.21, author = {Bok, Jan and Fiala, Ji\v{r}{\'\i} and Hlin\v{e}n\'{y}, Petr and Jedli\v{c}kov\'{a}, Nikola and Kratochv{\'\i}l, Jan}, title = {{Computational Complexity of Covering Multigraphs with Semi-Edges: Small Cases}}, booktitle = {46th International Symposium on Mathematical Foundations of Computer Science (MFCS 2021)}, pages = {21:1--21:15}, series = {Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)}, ISBN = {978-3-95977-201-3}, ISSN = {1868-8969}, year = {2021}, volume = {202}, editor = {Bonchi, Filippo and Puglisi, Simon J.}, publisher = {Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik}, address = {Dagstuhl, Germany}, URL = {https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.MFCS.2021.21}, URN = {urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-144611}, doi = {10.4230/LIPIcs.MFCS.2021.21}, annote = {Keywords: graph cover, covering projection, semi-edges, multigraphs, complexity} }

Document

**Published in:** LIPIcs, Volume 170, 45th International Symposium on Mathematical Foundations of Computer Science (MFCS 2020)

An H-graph is the intersection graph of connected subgraphs of a suitable subdivision of a fixed graph H, introduced by Biró, Hujter and Tuza (1992). We focus on S_d-graphs as a special case generalizing interval graphs. A graph G is an S_d-graph iff it is the intersection graph of connected subgraphs of a subdivision of a star S_d with d rays.
We give an FPT algorithm to solve the isomorphism problem for S_d-graphs with the parameter d. This solves an open problem of Chaplick, Töpfer, Voborník and Zeman (2016). In the course of our proof, we also show that the isomorphism problem of S_d-graphs is computationally at least as hard as the isomorphism problem of posets of bounded width.

Deniz Ağaoğlu and Petr Hliněný. Isomorphism Problem for S_d-Graphs. In 45th International Symposium on Mathematical Foundations of Computer Science (MFCS 2020). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 170, pp. 4:1-4:14, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2020)

Copy BibTex To Clipboard

@InProceedings{agaoglu_et_al:LIPIcs.MFCS.2020.4, author = {A\u{g}ao\u{g}lu, Deniz and Hlin\v{e}n\'{y}, Petr}, title = {{Isomorphism Problem for S\underlined-Graphs}}, booktitle = {45th International Symposium on Mathematical Foundations of Computer Science (MFCS 2020)}, pages = {4:1--4:14}, series = {Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)}, ISBN = {978-3-95977-159-7}, ISSN = {1868-8969}, year = {2020}, volume = {170}, editor = {Esparza, Javier and Kr\'{a}l', Daniel}, publisher = {Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik}, address = {Dagstuhl, Germany}, URL = {https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.MFCS.2020.4}, URN = {urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-126754}, doi = {10.4230/LIPIcs.MFCS.2020.4}, annote = {Keywords: intersection graph, isomorphism testing, interval graph, H-graph} }

Document

**Published in:** LIPIcs, Volume 129, 35th International Symposium on Computational Geometry (SoCG 2019)

We study c-crossing-critical graphs, which are the minimal graphs that require at least c edge-crossings when drawn in the plane. For every fixed pair of integers with c >= 13 and d >= 1, we give first explicit constructions of c-crossing-critical graphs containing a vertex of degree greater than d. We also show that such unbounded degree constructions do not exist for c <=12, precisely, that there exists a constant D such that every c-crossing-critical graph with c <=12 has maximum degree at most D. Hence, the bounded maximum degree conjecture of c-crossing-critical graphs, which was generally disproved in 2010 by Dvořák and Mohar (without an explicit construction), holds true, surprisingly, exactly for the values c <=12.

Drago Bokal, Zdeněk Dvořák, Petr Hliněný, Jesús Leaños, Bojan Mohar, and Tilo Wiedera. Bounded Degree Conjecture Holds Precisely for c-Crossing-Critical Graphs with c <= 12. In 35th International Symposium on Computational Geometry (SoCG 2019). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 129, pp. 14:1-14:15, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2019)

Copy BibTex To Clipboard

@InProceedings{bokal_et_al:LIPIcs.SoCG.2019.14, author = {Bokal, Drago and Dvo\v{r}\'{a}k, Zden\v{e}k and Hlin\v{e}n\'{y}, Petr and Lea\~{n}os, Jes\'{u}s and Mohar, Bojan and Wiedera, Tilo}, title = {{Bounded Degree Conjecture Holds Precisely for c-Crossing-Critical Graphs with c \langle= 12}}, booktitle = {35th International Symposium on Computational Geometry (SoCG 2019)}, pages = {14:1--14:15}, series = {Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)}, ISBN = {978-3-95977-104-7}, ISSN = {1868-8969}, year = {2019}, volume = {129}, editor = {Barequet, Gill and Wang, Yusu}, publisher = {Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik}, address = {Dagstuhl, Germany}, URL = {https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.SoCG.2019.14}, URN = {urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-104183}, doi = {10.4230/LIPIcs.SoCG.2019.14}, annote = {Keywords: graph drawing, crossing number, crossing-critical, zip product} }

Document

**Published in:** LIPIcs, Volume 99, 34th International Symposium on Computational Geometry (SoCG 2018)

We study c-crossing-critical graphs, which are the minimal graphs that require at least c edge-crossings when drawn in the plane. For c=1 there are only two such graphs without degree-2 vertices, K_5 and K_{3,3}, but for any fixed c>1 there exist infinitely many c-crossing-critical graphs. It has been previously shown that c-crossing-critical graphs have bounded path-width and contain only a bounded number of internally disjoint paths between any two vertices. We expand on these results, providing a more detailed description of the structure of crossing-critical graphs. On the way towards this description, we prove a new structural characterisation of plane graphs of bounded path-width. Then we show that every c-crossing-critical graph can be obtained from a c-crossing-critical graph of bounded size by replicating bounded-size parts that already appear in narrow "bands" or "fans" in the graph. This also gives an algorithm to generate all the c-crossing-critical graphs of at most given order n in polynomial time per each generated graph.

Zdenek Dvorák, Petr Hlinený, and Bojan Mohar. Structure and Generation of Crossing-Critical Graphs. In 34th International Symposium on Computational Geometry (SoCG 2018). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 99, pp. 33:1-33:14, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2018)

Copy BibTex To Clipboard

@InProceedings{dvorak_et_al:LIPIcs.SoCG.2018.33, author = {Dvor\'{a}k, Zdenek and Hlinen\'{y}, Petr and Mohar, Bojan}, title = {{Structure and Generation of Crossing-Critical Graphs}}, booktitle = {34th International Symposium on Computational Geometry (SoCG 2018)}, pages = {33:1--33:14}, series = {Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)}, ISBN = {978-3-95977-066-8}, ISSN = {1868-8969}, year = {2018}, volume = {99}, editor = {Speckmann, Bettina and T\'{o}th, Csaba D.}, publisher = {Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik}, address = {Dagstuhl, Germany}, URL = {https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.SoCG.2018.33}, URN = {urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-87460}, doi = {10.4230/LIPIcs.SoCG.2018.33}, annote = {Keywords: crossing number, crossing-critical, path-width, exhaustive generation} }

Document

**Published in:** LIPIcs, Volume 89, 12th International Symposium on Parameterized and Exact Computation (IPEC 2017)

Over the past two decades the main focus of research into first-order (FO) model checking algorithms has been on sparse relational structures – culminating in the FPT algorithm by Grohe, Kreutzer and Siebertz for FO model checking of nowhere dense classes of graphs. On contrary to that, except the case of locally bounded clique-width only little is currently known about FO model checking of dense classes of graphs or other structures. We study the FO model checking problem for dense graph classes definable by geometric means (intersection and visibility graphs). We obtain new nontrivial FPT results, e.g., for restricted subclasses of circular-arc, circle, box, disk, and polygon-visibility graphs. These results use the FPT algorithm by Gajarský et al. for FO model checking of posets of bounded width. We also complement the tractability results by related hardness reductions.

Petr Hlineny, Filip Pokrývka, and Bodhayan Roy. FO Model Checking of Geometric Graphs. In 12th International Symposium on Parameterized and Exact Computation (IPEC 2017). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 89, pp. 19:1-19:12, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2018)

Copy BibTex To Clipboard

@InProceedings{hlineny_et_al:LIPIcs.IPEC.2017.19, author = {Hlineny, Petr and Pokr\'{y}vka, Filip and Roy, Bodhayan}, title = {{FO Model Checking of Geometric Graphs}}, booktitle = {12th International Symposium on Parameterized and Exact Computation (IPEC 2017)}, pages = {19:1--19:12}, series = {Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)}, ISBN = {978-3-95977-051-4}, ISSN = {1868-8969}, year = {2018}, volume = {89}, editor = {Lokshtanov, Daniel and Nishimura, Naomi}, publisher = {Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik}, address = {Dagstuhl, Germany}, URL = {https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.IPEC.2017.19}, URN = {urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-85597}, doi = {10.4230/LIPIcs.IPEC.2017.19}, annote = {Keywords: first-order logic, model checking, fixed-parameter tractability, intersection graphs, visibility graphs} }

Document

**Published in:** LIPIcs, Volume 93, 37th IARCS Annual Conference on Foundations of Software Technology and Theoretical Computer Science (FSTTCS 2017)

We study the problem of colouring the visibility graphs of polygons. In particular, we provide
a polynomial algorithm for 4-colouring of the polygon visibility graphs, and prove that the 6-
colourability question is already NP-complete for them.

Onur Cagirici, Petr Hlinený, and Bodhayan Roy. On Colourability of Polygon Visibility Graphs. In 37th IARCS Annual Conference on Foundations of Software Technology and Theoretical Computer Science (FSTTCS 2017). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 93, pp. 21:1-21:14, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2018)

Copy BibTex To Clipboard

@InProceedings{cagirici_et_al:LIPIcs.FSTTCS.2017.21, author = {Cagirici, Onur and Hlinen\'{y}, Petr and Roy, Bodhayan}, title = {{On Colourability of Polygon Visibility Graphs}}, booktitle = {37th IARCS Annual Conference on Foundations of Software Technology and Theoretical Computer Science (FSTTCS 2017)}, pages = {21:1--21:14}, series = {Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)}, ISBN = {978-3-95977-055-2}, ISSN = {1868-8969}, year = {2018}, volume = {93}, editor = {Lokam, Satya and Ramanujam, R.}, publisher = {Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik}, address = {Dagstuhl, Germany}, URL = {https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.FSTTCS.2017.21}, URN = {urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-83814}, doi = {10.4230/LIPIcs.FSTTCS.2017.21}, annote = {Keywords: polygon visibility graph, graph coloring, NP-completeness} }

Document

**Published in:** LIPIcs, Volume 51, 32nd International Symposium on Computational Geometry (SoCG 2016)

Let G be a connected planar (but not yet embedded) graph and F a set of additional edges not in G. The multiple edge insertion problem (MEI) asks for a drawing of G+F with the minimum number of pairwise edge crossings, such that the subdrawing of G is plane. An optimal solution to this problem is known to approximate the crossing number of the graph G+F.
Finding an exact solution to MEI is NP-hard for general F, but linear time solvable for the special case of |F|=1 [Gutwenger et al, SODA 2001/Algorithmica] and polynomial time solvable when all of F are incident to a new vertex [Chimani et al, SODA 2009]. The complexity for general F but with constant k=|F| was open, but algorithms both with relative and absolute approximation guarantees have been presented [Chuzhoy et al, SODA 2011], [Chimani-Hlineny, ICALP 2011]. We show that the problem is fixed parameter tractable (FPT) in k for biconnected G, or if the cut vertices of G have bounded degrees. We give the first exact algorithm for this problem; it requires only O(|V(G)|) time for any constant k.

Markus Chimani and Petr Hlinený. Inserting Multiple Edges into a Planar Graph. In 32nd International Symposium on Computational Geometry (SoCG 2016). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 51, pp. 30:1-30:15, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2016)

Copy BibTex To Clipboard

@InProceedings{chimani_et_al:LIPIcs.SoCG.2016.30, author = {Chimani, Markus and Hlinen\'{y}, Petr}, title = {{Inserting Multiple Edges into a Planar Graph}}, booktitle = {32nd International Symposium on Computational Geometry (SoCG 2016)}, pages = {30:1--30:15}, series = {Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)}, ISBN = {978-3-95977-009-5}, ISSN = {1868-8969}, year = {2016}, volume = {51}, editor = {Fekete, S\'{a}ndor and Lubiw, Anna}, publisher = {Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik}, address = {Dagstuhl, Germany}, URL = {https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.SoCG.2016.30}, URN = {urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-59223}, doi = {10.4230/LIPIcs.SoCG.2016.30}, annote = {Keywords: crossing number, edge insertion, parameterized complexity, path homotopy, funnel algorithm} }

Document

**Published in:** LIPIcs, Volume 51, 32nd International Symposium on Computational Geometry (SoCG 2016)

The graph crossing number problem, cr(G)<=k, asks for a drawing of a graph G in the plane with at most k edge crossings. Although this problem is in general notoriously difficult, it is fixed-parameter tractable for the parameter k [Grohe, STOC 2001]. This suggests a closely related question of whether this problem has a polynomial kernel, meaning whether every instance of cr(G)<=k can be in polynomial time reduced to an equivalent instance of size polynomial in k (and independent of |G|). We answer this question in the negative. Along the proof we show that the tile crossing number problem of twisted planar tiles is NP-hard, which has been an open problem for some time, too, and then employ the complexity technique of cross-composition. Our result holds already for the special case of graphs obtained from planar graphs by adding one edge.

Petr Hlinený and Marek Dernár. Crossing Number is Hard for Kernelization. In 32nd International Symposium on Computational Geometry (SoCG 2016). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 51, pp. 42:1-42:10, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2016)

Copy BibTex To Clipboard

@InProceedings{hlineny_et_al:LIPIcs.SoCG.2016.42, author = {Hlinen\'{y}, Petr and Dern\'{a}r, Marek}, title = {{Crossing Number is Hard for Kernelization}}, booktitle = {32nd International Symposium on Computational Geometry (SoCG 2016)}, pages = {42:1--42:10}, series = {Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)}, ISBN = {978-3-95977-009-5}, ISSN = {1868-8969}, year = {2016}, volume = {51}, editor = {Fekete, S\'{a}ndor and Lubiw, Anna}, publisher = {Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik}, address = {Dagstuhl, Germany}, URL = {https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.SoCG.2016.42}, URN = {urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-59347}, doi = {10.4230/LIPIcs.SoCG.2016.42}, annote = {Keywords: crossing number; tile crossing number; parameterized complexity; polynomial kernel; cross-composition} }

Document

**Published in:** LIPIcs, Volume 18, IARCS Annual Conference on Foundations of Software Technology and Theoretical Computer Science (FSTTCS 2012)

We prove, in the universe of trees of bounded height, that for any MSO formula with $m$ variables there exists a set of kernels such that the size of each of these kernels can be bounded by an elementary function of m. This yields a faster MSO model checking algorithm for trees of bounded height than the one for general trees.
From that we obtain, by means of interpretation, corresponding results for the classes of graphs of bounded tree-depth (MSO_2) and shrub-depth (MSO_1), and thus we give wide generalizations of Lampis' (ESA 2010) and Ganian's (IPEC 2011) results. In the second part of the paper we use this kernel structure to show that FO has the same expressive power as MSO_1 on the graph classes of bounded shrub-depth. This makes bounded shrub-depth a good candidate for characterization of the hereditary classes of graphs on which FO and MSO_1 coincide, a problem recently posed by Elberfeld, Grohe, and Tantau (LICS 2012).

Jakub Gajarsky and Petr Hlineny. Faster Deciding MSO Properties of Trees of Fixed Height, and Some Consequences. In IARCS Annual Conference on Foundations of Software Technology and Theoretical Computer Science (FSTTCS 2012). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 18, pp. 112-123, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2012)

Copy BibTex To Clipboard

@InProceedings{gajarsky_et_al:LIPIcs.FSTTCS.2012.112, author = {Gajarsky, Jakub and Hlineny, Petr}, title = {{Faster Deciding MSO Properties of Trees of Fixed Height, and Some Consequences}}, booktitle = {IARCS Annual Conference on Foundations of Software Technology and Theoretical Computer Science (FSTTCS 2012)}, pages = {112--123}, series = {Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)}, ISBN = {978-3-939897-47-7}, ISSN = {1868-8969}, year = {2012}, volume = {18}, editor = {D'Souza, Deepak and Radhakrishnan, Jaikumar and Telikepalli, Kavitha}, publisher = {Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik}, address = {Dagstuhl, Germany}, URL = {https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.FSTTCS.2012.112}, URN = {urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-38553}, doi = {10.4230/LIPIcs.FSTTCS.2012.112}, annote = {Keywords: MSO graph property, tree-width, tree-depth, shrub-depth} }

Document

Complete Volume

**Published in:** OASIcs, Volume 13, Annual Doctoral Workshop on Mathematical and Engineering Methods in Computer Science (MEMICS'09) (2009)

OASIcs, Volume 13, MEMICS'09, Complete Volume

Annual Doctoral Workshop on Mathematical and Engineering Methods in Computer Science (MEMICS'09). Open Access Series in Informatics (OASIcs), Volume 13, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2012)

Copy BibTex To Clipboard

@Proceedings{hlineny_et_al:OASIcs.MEMICS.2009, title = {{OASIcs, Volume 13, MEMICS'09, Complete Volume}}, booktitle = {Annual Doctoral Workshop on Mathematical and Engineering Methods in Computer Science (MEMICS'09)}, series = {Open Access Series in Informatics (OASIcs)}, ISBN = {978-3-939897-15-6}, ISSN = {2190-6807}, year = {2012}, volume = {13}, editor = {Hlinen\'{y}, Petr and Maty\'{a}\v{s}, V\'{a}clav and Vojnar, Tom\'{a}\v{s}}, publisher = {Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik}, address = {Dagstuhl, Germany}, URL = {https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/OASIcs.MEMICS.2009}, URN = {urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-35756}, doi = {10.4230/OASIcs.MEMICS.2009}, annote = {Keywords: Mathematics of Computing, Physical Sciences and Engineering} }

Document

**Published in:** LIPIcs, Volume 14, 29th International Symposium on Theoretical Aspects of Computer Science (STACS 2012)

One of the most important algorithmic meta-theorems is a famous result
by Courcelle, which states that any graph problem definable in monadic second-order logic with edge-set quantifications (MSO2) is decidable in linear time on any class of graphs of bounded tree-width. In the parlance of parameterized complexity, this means that MSO2 model-checking is fixed-parameter tractable with respect to the tree-width as parameter. Recently, Kreutzer and Tazari proved a corresponding complexity lower-bound---that MSO2 model-checking is not even in XP wrt the formula size as parameter for graph classes that are subgraph-closed and whose tree-width is poly-logarithmically unbounded. Of course, this is not an unconditional result but holds modulo a certain complexity-theoretic assumption, namely, the Exponential Time Hypothesis (ETH).
In this paper we present a closely related result. We show that
even MSO1 model-checking with a fixed set of vertex labels,
but without edge-set quantifications, is not in XP wrt the formula
size as parameter for graph classes which are subgraph-closed and
whose tree-width is poly-logarithmically unbounded unless the non-uniform ETH fails. In comparison to Kreutzer and Tazari, (1) we use a stronger prerequisite, namely non-uniform instead of uniform ETH, to avoid the effectiveness assumption and the construction of certain obstructions used in their proofs; and (2) we assume a different set of problems to be efficiently decidable, namely MSO1-definable properties on vertex labeled graphs instead of MSO2-definable properties on unlabeled graphs.
Our result has an interesting consequence in the realm of digraph width measures: Strengthening a recent result, we show that no
subdigraph-monotone measure can be algorithmically useful, unless it is within a poly-logarithmic factor of (undirected) tree-width.

Robert Ganian, Petr Hlineny, Alexander Langer, Jan Obdržálek, Peter Rossmanith, and Somnath Sikdar. Lower Bounds on the Complexity of MSO_1 Model-Checking. In 29th International Symposium on Theoretical Aspects of Computer Science (STACS 2012). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 14, pp. 326-337, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2012)

Copy BibTex To Clipboard

@InProceedings{ganian_et_al:LIPIcs.STACS.2012.326, author = {Ganian, Robert and Hlineny, Petr and Langer, Alexander and Obdr\v{z}\'{a}lek, Jan and Rossmanith, Peter and Sikdar, Somnath}, title = {{Lower Bounds on the Complexity of MSO\underline1 Model-Checking}}, booktitle = {29th International Symposium on Theoretical Aspects of Computer Science (STACS 2012)}, pages = {326--337}, series = {Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)}, ISBN = {978-3-939897-35-4}, ISSN = {1868-8969}, year = {2012}, volume = {14}, editor = {D\"{u}rr, Christoph and Wilke, Thomas}, publisher = {Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik}, address = {Dagstuhl, Germany}, URL = {https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.STACS.2012.326}, URN = {urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-34185}, doi = {10.4230/LIPIcs.STACS.2012.326}, annote = {Keywords: Monadic Second-Order Logic, Treewidth, Lower Bounds, Exponential Time Hypothesis, Parameterized Complexity} }

Document

**Published in:** LIPIcs, Volume 9, 28th International Symposium on Theoretical Aspects of Computer Science (STACS 2011)

In recent years, the parameterized complexity approach has lead to the introduction of many new algorithms and frameworks on graphs and digraphs of bounded clique-width and, equivalently, rank-width. However, despite intensive work on the subject, there still exist well-established hard problems where neither a parameterized algorithm nor a theoretical obstacle to its existence are known. Our article is interested mainly in the digraph case, targeting the well-known Minimum Leaf Out-Branching (cf. also Minimum Leaf Spanning Tree) and Edge Disjoint Paths problems on digraphs of bounded clique-width with non-standard new approaches.
The first part of the article deals with the Minimum Leaf Out-Branching problem and introduces a novel XP-time algorithm wrt. clique-width. We remark that this problem is known to be W[2]-hard, and that our algorithm does not resemble any of the previously published attempts solving special cases of it such as the Hamiltonian Path. The second part then looks at the Edge Disjoint Paths problem (both on graphs and digraphs) from a different perspective -- rather surprisingly showing that this problem has a definition in the MSO_1 logic of graphs. The linear-time FPT algorithm wrt. clique-width then follows as a direct consequence.

Robert Ganian, Petr Hlineny, and Jan Obdrzalek. Clique-width: When Hard Does Not Mean Impossible. In 28th International Symposium on Theoretical Aspects of Computer Science (STACS 2011). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 9, pp. 404-415, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2011)

Copy BibTex To Clipboard

@InProceedings{ganian_et_al:LIPIcs.STACS.2011.404, author = {Ganian, Robert and Hlineny, Petr and Obdrzalek, Jan}, title = {{Clique-width: When Hard Does Not Mean Impossible}}, booktitle = {28th International Symposium on Theoretical Aspects of Computer Science (STACS 2011)}, pages = {404--415}, series = {Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)}, ISBN = {978-3-939897-25-5}, ISSN = {1868-8969}, year = {2011}, volume = {9}, editor = {Schwentick, Thomas and D\"{u}rr, Christoph}, publisher = {Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik}, address = {Dagstuhl, Germany}, URL = {https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.STACS.2011.404}, URN = {urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-30309}, doi = {10.4230/LIPIcs.STACS.2011.404}, annote = {Keywords: clique-width, bi-rank-width, minimum leaf out-branching, minimum leaf spanning tree, edge-disjoint paths} }

Document

**Published in:** LIPIcs, Volume 8, IARCS Annual Conference on Foundations of Software Technology and Theoretical Computer Science (FSTTCS 2010)

We provide a parameterized polynomial algorithm for the propositional model counting problem #SAT, the runtime of which is single-exponential in the rank-width of a formula. Previously, analogous algorithms have been known --e.g. [Fischer, Makowsky, and Ravve]-- with a single-exponential dependency on the clique-width of a formula. Our algorithm thus presents an exponential runtime improvement (since clique-width reaches up to exponentially higher values than rank-width), and can be of practical interest for small values of rank-width. We also provide an algorithm for the MAX-SAT problem along the same lines.

Robert Ganian, Petr Hlinený, and Jan Obdrzálek. Better Algorithms for Satisfiability Problems for Formulas of Bounded Rank-width. In IARCS Annual Conference on Foundations of Software Technology and Theoretical Computer Science (FSTTCS 2010). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 8, pp. 73-83, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2010)

Copy BibTex To Clipboard

@InProceedings{ganian_et_al:LIPIcs.FSTTCS.2010.73, author = {Ganian, Robert and Hlinen\'{y}, Petr and Obdrz\'{a}lek, Jan}, title = {{Better Algorithms for Satisfiability Problems for Formulas of Bounded Rank-width}}, booktitle = {IARCS Annual Conference on Foundations of Software Technology and Theoretical Computer Science (FSTTCS 2010)}, pages = {73--83}, series = {Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)}, ISBN = {978-3-939897-23-1}, ISSN = {1868-8969}, year = {2010}, volume = {8}, editor = {Lodaya, Kamal and Mahajan, Meena}, publisher = {Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik}, address = {Dagstuhl, Germany}, URL = {https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.FSTTCS.2010.73}, URN = {urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-28541}, doi = {10.4230/LIPIcs.FSTTCS.2010.73}, annote = {Keywords: propositional model counting; satisfiability; rank-width; clique-width ; parameterized complexity} }

Document

Front Matter

**Published in:** OASIcs, Volume 13, Annual Doctoral Workshop on Mathematical and Engineering Methods in Computer Science (MEMICS'09) (2009)

The 2009 edition of the International Doctoral Workshop on Mathematical and Engineering Methods in Computer Science (MEMICS'09) is the fifth in a~row of three-day workshops organized in South Moravia by Faculty of Information Technology of Brno University of Technology and Faculty of Informatics of Masaryk University.
MEMICS'09 was held in Znojmo, Czech Republic, on November 13--15, 2009.

Annual Doctoral Workshop on Mathematical and Engineering Methods in Computer Science (MEMICS'09). Open Access Series in Informatics (OASIcs), Volume 13, pp. i-vi, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2009)

Copy BibTex To Clipboard

@InProceedings{hlineny_et_al:OASIcs:2009:DROPS.MEMICS.2009.2342, author = {Hlinen\'{y}, Petr and Maty\'{a}\v{s}, V\'{a}clav and Vojnar, Tom\'{a}\v{s}}, title = {{Preface -- Annual Doctoral Workshop on Mathematical and Engineering Methods in Computer Science (MEMICS'09)}}, booktitle = {Annual Doctoral Workshop on Mathematical and Engineering Methods in Computer Science (MEMICS'09)}, pages = {i--vi}, series = {Open Access Series in Informatics (OASIcs)}, ISBN = {978-3-939897-15-6}, ISSN = {2190-6807}, year = {2009}, volume = {13}, editor = {Hlinen\'{y}, Petr and Maty\'{a}\v{s}, V\'{a}clav and Vojnar, Tom\'{a}\v{s}}, publisher = {Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik}, address = {Dagstuhl, Germany}, URL = {https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/DROPS.MEMICS.2009.2342}, URN = {urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-23425}, doi = {10.4230/DROPS.MEMICS.2009.2342}, annote = {Keywords: MEMICS 2009} }

Document

**Published in:** LIPIcs, Volume 283, 34th International Symposium on Algorithms and Computation (ISAAC 2023)

Twin-width is a structural width parameter introduced by Bonnet, Kim, Thomassé and Watrigant [FOCS 2020]. Very briefly, its essence is a gradual reduction (a contraction sequence) of the given graph down to a single vertex while maintaining limited difference of neighbourhoods of the vertices, and it can be seen as widely generalizing several other traditional structural parameters. Having such a sequence at hand allows to solve many otherwise hard problems efficiently. Our paper focuses on a comparison of twin-width to the more traditional tree-width on sparse graphs. Namely, we prove that if a graph G of twin-width at most 2 contains no K_{t,t} subgraph for some integer t, then the tree-width of G is bounded by a polynomial function of t. As a consequence, for any sparse graph class C we obtain a polynomial time algorithm which for any input graph G ∈ C either outputs a contraction sequence of width at most c (where c depends only on C), or correctly outputs that G has twin-width more than 2. On the other hand, we present an easy example of a graph class of twin-width 3 with unbounded tree-width, showing that our result cannot be extended to higher values of twin-width.

Benjamin Bergougnoux, Jakub Gajarský, Grzegorz Guśpiel, Petr Hliněný, Filip Pokrývka, and Marek Sokołowski. Sparse Graphs of Twin-Width 2 Have Bounded Tree-Width. In 34th International Symposium on Algorithms and Computation (ISAAC 2023). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 283, pp. 11:1-11:13, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2023)

Copy BibTex To Clipboard

@InProceedings{bergougnoux_et_al:LIPIcs.ISAAC.2023.11, author = {Bergougnoux, Benjamin and Gajarsk\'{y}, Jakub and Gu\'{s}piel, Grzegorz and Hlin\v{e}n\'{y}, Petr and Pokr\'{y}vka, Filip and Soko{\l}owski, Marek}, title = {{Sparse Graphs of Twin-Width 2 Have Bounded Tree-Width}}, booktitle = {34th International Symposium on Algorithms and Computation (ISAAC 2023)}, pages = {11:1--11:13}, series = {Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)}, ISBN = {978-3-95977-289-1}, ISSN = {1868-8969}, year = {2023}, volume = {283}, editor = {Iwata, Satoru and Kakimura, Naonori}, publisher = {Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik}, address = {Dagstuhl, Germany}, URL = {https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.ISAAC.2023.11}, URN = {urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-193130}, doi = {10.4230/LIPIcs.ISAAC.2023.11}, annote = {Keywords: twin-width, tree-width, excluded grid, sparsity} }

Document

**Published in:** LIPIcs, Volume 272, 48th International Symposium on Mathematical Foundations of Computer Science (MFCS 2023)

In 1992 Biró, Hujter and Tuza introduced, for every fixed connected graph H, the class of H-graphs, defined as the intersection graphs of connected subgraphs of some subdivision of H. Such classes of graphs are related to many known graph classes: for example, K₂-graphs coincide with interval graphs, K₃-graphs with circular-arc graphs, the union of T-graphs, where T ranges over all trees, coincides with chordal graphs. Recently, quite a lot of research has been devoted to understanding the tractability border for various computational problems, such as recognition or isomorphism testing, in classes of H-graphs for different graphs H.
In this work we undertake this research topic, focusing on the recognition problem. Chaplick, Töpfer, Voborník, and Zeman showed an XP-algorithm testing whether a given graph is a T-graph, where the parameter is the size of the tree T. In particular, for every fixed tree T the recognition of T-graphs can be solved in polynomial time. Tucker showed a polynomial time algorithm recognizing K₃-graphs (circular-arc graphs). On the other hand, Chaplick et al. showed also that for every fixed graph H containing two distinct cycles sharing an edge, the recognition of H-graphs is NP-hard.
The main two results of this work narrow the gap between the NP-hard and 𝖯 cases of H-graph recognition. First, we show that the recognition of H-graphs is NP-hard when H contains two distinct cycles. On the other hand, we show a polynomial-time algorithm recognizing L-graphs, where L is a graph containing a cycle and an edge attached to it (which we call lollipop graphs). Our work leaves open the recognition problems of M-graphs for every unicyclic graph M different from a cycle and a lollipop.

Deniz Ağaoğlu Çağırıcı, Onur Çağırıcı, Jan Derbisz, Tim A. Hartmann, Petr Hliněný, Jan Kratochvíl, Tomasz Krawczyk, and Peter Zeman. Recognizing H-Graphs - Beyond Circular-Arc Graphs. In 48th International Symposium on Mathematical Foundations of Computer Science (MFCS 2023). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 272, pp. 8:1-8:14, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2023)

Copy BibTex To Clipboard

@InProceedings{agaoglucagirici_et_al:LIPIcs.MFCS.2023.8, author = {A\u{g}ao\u{g}lu \c{C}a\u{g}{\i}r{\i}c{\i}, Deniz and \c{C}a\u{g}{\i}r{\i}c{\i}, Onur and Derbisz, Jan and Hartmann, Tim A. and Hlin\v{e}n\'{y}, Petr and Kratochv{\'\i}l, Jan and Krawczyk, Tomasz and Zeman, Peter}, title = {{Recognizing H-Graphs - Beyond Circular-Arc Graphs}}, booktitle = {48th International Symposium on Mathematical Foundations of Computer Science (MFCS 2023)}, pages = {8:1--8:14}, series = {Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)}, ISBN = {978-3-95977-292-1}, ISSN = {1868-8969}, year = {2023}, volume = {272}, editor = {Leroux, J\'{e}r\^{o}me and Lombardy, Sylvain and Peleg, David}, publisher = {Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik}, address = {Dagstuhl, Germany}, URL = {https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.MFCS.2023.8}, URN = {urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-185420}, doi = {10.4230/LIPIcs.MFCS.2023.8}, annote = {Keywords: H-graphs, Intersection Graphs, Helly Property} }

Document

Track A: Algorithms, Complexity and Games

**Published in:** LIPIcs, Volume 261, 50th International Colloquium on Automata, Languages, and Programming (ICALP 2023)

Twin-width is a structural width parameter introduced by Bonnet, Kim, Thomassé and Watrigant [FOCS 2020]. Very briefly, its essence is a gradual reduction (a contraction sequence) of the given graph down to a single vertex while maintaining limited difference of neighbourhoods of the vertices, and it can be seen as widely generalizing several other traditional structural parameters. Having such a sequence at hand allows us to solve many otherwise hard problems efficiently. Graph classes of bounded twin-width, in which appropriate contraction sequences are efficiently constructible, are thus of interest in combinatorics and in computer science. However, we currently do not know in general how to obtain a witnessing contraction sequence of low width efficiently, and published upper bounds on the twin-width in non-trivial cases are often "astronomically large".
We focus on planar graphs, which are known to have bounded twin-width (already since the introduction of twin-width), but the first explicit "non-astronomical" upper bounds on the twin-width of planar graphs appeared just a year ago; namely the bound of at most 183 by Jacob and Pilipczuk [arXiv, January 2022], and 583 by Bonnet, Kwon and Wood [arXiv, February 2022]. Subsequent arXiv manuscripts in 2022 improved the bound down to 37 (Bekos et al.), 11 and 9 (both by Hliněný). We further elaborate on the approach used in the latter manuscripts, proving that the twin-width of every planar graph is at most 8, and construct a witnessing contraction sequence in linear time. Note that the currently best lower-bound planar example is of twin-width 7, by Král' and Lamaison [arXiv, September 2022]. We also prove that the twin-width of every bipartite planar graph is at most 6, and again construct a witnessing contraction sequence in linear time.

Petr Hliněný and Jan Jedelský. Twin-Width of Planar Graphs Is at Most 8, and at Most 6 When Bipartite Planar. In 50th International Colloquium on Automata, Languages, and Programming (ICALP 2023). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 261, pp. 75:1-75:18, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2023)

Copy BibTex To Clipboard

@InProceedings{hlineny_et_al:LIPIcs.ICALP.2023.75, author = {Hlin\v{e}n\'{y}, Petr and Jedelsk\'{y}, Jan}, title = {{Twin-Width of Planar Graphs Is at Most 8, and at Most 6 When Bipartite Planar}}, booktitle = {50th International Colloquium on Automata, Languages, and Programming (ICALP 2023)}, pages = {75:1--75:18}, series = {Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)}, ISBN = {978-3-95977-278-5}, ISSN = {1868-8969}, year = {2023}, volume = {261}, editor = {Etessami, Kousha and Feige, Uriel and Puppis, Gabriele}, publisher = {Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik}, address = {Dagstuhl, Germany}, URL = {https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.ICALP.2023.75}, URN = {urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-181271}, doi = {10.4230/LIPIcs.ICALP.2023.75}, annote = {Keywords: twin-width, planar graph} }

Document

**Published in:** LIPIcs, Volume 248, 33rd International Symposium on Algorithms and Computation (ISAAC 2022)

Graph product structure theory expresses certain graphs as subgraphs of the strong product of much simpler graphs. In particular, an elegant formulation for the corresponding structural theorems involves the strong product of a path and of a bounded treewidth graph, and allows to lift combinatorial results for bounded treewidth graphs to graph classes for which the product structure holds, such as to planar graphs [Dujmović et al., J. ACM, 67(4), 22:1-38, 2020].
In this paper, we join the search for extensions of this powerful tool beyond planarity by considering the h-framed graphs, a graph class that includes 1-planar, optimal 2-planar, and k-map graphs (for appropriate values of h). We establish a graph product structure theorem for h-framed graphs stating that the graphs in this class are subgraphs of the strong product of a path, of a planar graph of treewidth at most 3, and of a clique of size 3⌊ h/2 ⌋+⌊ h/3 ⌋-1. This allows us to improve over the previous structural theorems for 1-planar and k-map graphs. Our results constitute significant progress over the previous bounds on the queue number, non-repetitive chromatic number, and p-centered chromatic number of these graph classes, e.g., we lower the currently best upper bound on the queue number of 1-planar graphs and k-map graphs from 115 to 82 and from ⌊ 33/2(k+3 ⌊ k/2⌋ -3)⌋ to ⌊ 33/2 (3⌊ k/2 ⌋+⌊ k/3 ⌋-1) ⌋, respectively. We also employ the product structure machinery to improve the current upper bounds on the twin-width of 1-planar graphs from O(1) to 80. All our structural results are constructive and yield efficient algorithms to obtain the corresponding decompositions.

Michael A. Bekos, Giordano Da Lozzo, Petr Hliněný, and Michael Kaufmann. Graph Product Structure for h-Framed Graphs. In 33rd International Symposium on Algorithms and Computation (ISAAC 2022). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 248, pp. 23:1-23:15, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2022)

Copy BibTex To Clipboard

@InProceedings{bekos_et_al:LIPIcs.ISAAC.2022.23, author = {Bekos, Michael A. and Da Lozzo, Giordano and Hlin\v{e}n\'{y}, Petr and Kaufmann, Michael}, title = {{Graph Product Structure for h-Framed Graphs}}, booktitle = {33rd International Symposium on Algorithms and Computation (ISAAC 2022)}, pages = {23:1--23:15}, series = {Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)}, ISBN = {978-3-95977-258-7}, ISSN = {1868-8969}, year = {2022}, volume = {248}, editor = {Bae, Sang Won and Park, Heejin}, publisher = {Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik}, address = {Dagstuhl, Germany}, URL = {https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.ISAAC.2022.23}, URN = {urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-173086}, doi = {10.4230/LIPIcs.ISAAC.2022.23}, annote = {Keywords: Graph product structure theory, h-framed graphs, k-map graphs, queue number, twin-width} }

Document

**Published in:** LIPIcs, Volume 224, 38th International Symposium on Computational Geometry (SoCG 2022)

Inspired by the increasingly popular research on extending partial graph drawings, we propose a new perspective on the traditional and arguably most important geometric graph parameter, the crossing number. Specifically, we define the partially predrawn crossing number to be the smallest number of crossings in any drawing of a graph, part of which is prescribed on the input (not counting the prescribed crossings). Our main result - an FPT-algorithm to compute the partially predrawn crossing number - combines advanced ideas from research on the classical crossing number and so called partial planarity in a very natural but intricate way. Not only do our techniques generalise the known FPT-algorithm by Grohe for computing the standard crossing number, they also allow us to substantially improve a number of recent parameterised results for various drawing extension problems.

Thekla Hamm and Petr Hliněný. Parameterised Partially-Predrawn Crossing Number. In 38th International Symposium on Computational Geometry (SoCG 2022). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 224, pp. 46:1-46:15, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2022)

Copy BibTex To Clipboard

@InProceedings{hamm_et_al:LIPIcs.SoCG.2022.46, author = {Hamm, Thekla and Hlin\v{e}n\'{y}, Petr}, title = {{Parameterised Partially-Predrawn Crossing Number}}, booktitle = {38th International Symposium on Computational Geometry (SoCG 2022)}, pages = {46:1--46:15}, series = {Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)}, ISBN = {978-3-95977-227-3}, ISSN = {1868-8969}, year = {2022}, volume = {224}, editor = {Goaoc, Xavier and Kerber, Michael}, publisher = {Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik}, address = {Dagstuhl, Germany}, URL = {https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.SoCG.2022.46}, URN = {urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-160547}, doi = {10.4230/LIPIcs.SoCG.2022.46}, annote = {Keywords: Crossing Number, Drawing Extension, Partial Planarity, Parameterised Complexity} }

Document

**Published in:** LIPIcs, Volume 214, 16th International Symposium on Parameterized and Exact Computation (IPEC 2021)

Twin-width is a new parameter informally measuring how diverse are the neighbourhoods of the graph vertices, and it extends also to other binary relational structures, e.g. to digraphs and posets. It was introduced just very recently, in 2020 by Bonnet, Kim, Thomassé and Watrigant. One of the core results of these authors is that FO model checking on graph classes of bounded twin-width is in FPT. With that result, they also claimed that posets of bounded width have bounded twin-width, thus capturing prior result on FO model checking of posets of bounded width in FPT. However, their translation from poset width to twin-width was indirect and giving only a very loose double-exponential bound. We prove that posets of width d have twin-width at most 8d with a direct and elementary argument, and show that this bound is tight up to a constant factor. Specifically, for posets of width 2 we prove that in the worst case their twin-width is also equal 2. These two theoretical results are complemented with straightforward algorithms to construct the respective contraction sequence for a given poset.

Jakub Balabán and Petr Hliněný. Twin-Width Is Linear in the Poset Width. In 16th International Symposium on Parameterized and Exact Computation (IPEC 2021). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 214, pp. 6:1-6:13, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2021)

Copy BibTex To Clipboard

@InProceedings{balaban_et_al:LIPIcs.IPEC.2021.6, author = {Balab\'{a}n, Jakub and Hlin\v{e}n\'{y}, Petr}, title = {{Twin-Width Is Linear in the Poset Width}}, booktitle = {16th International Symposium on Parameterized and Exact Computation (IPEC 2021)}, pages = {6:1--6:13}, series = {Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)}, ISBN = {978-3-95977-216-7}, ISSN = {1868-8969}, year = {2021}, volume = {214}, editor = {Golovach, Petr A. and Zehavi, Meirav}, publisher = {Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik}, address = {Dagstuhl, Germany}, URL = {https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.IPEC.2021.6}, URN = {urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-153895}, doi = {10.4230/LIPIcs.IPEC.2021.6}, annote = {Keywords: twin-width, digraph, poset, FO model checking, contraction sequence} }

Document

**Published in:** LIPIcs, Volume 202, 46th International Symposium on Mathematical Foundations of Computer Science (MFCS 2021)

We initiate the study of computational complexity of graph coverings, aka locally bijective graph homomorphisms, for graphs with semi-edges. The notion of graph covering is a discretization of coverings between surfaces or topological spaces, a notion well known and deeply studied in classical topology. Graph covers have found applications in discrete mathematics for constructing highly symmetric graphs, and in computer science in the theory of local computations. In 1991, Abello et al. asked for a classification of the computational complexity of deciding if an input graph covers a fixed target graph, in the ordinary setting (of graphs with only edges). Although many general results are known, the full classification is still open. In spite of that, we propose to study the more general case of covering graphs composed of normal edges (including multiedges and loops) and so-called semi-edges. Semi-edges are becoming increasingly popular in modern topological graph theory, as well as in mathematical physics. They also naturally occur in the local computation setting, since they are lifted to matchings in the covering graph. We show that the presence of semi-edges makes the covering problem considerably harder; e.g., it is no longer sufficient to specify the vertex mapping induced by the covering, but one necessarily has to deal with the edge mapping as well. We show some solvable cases and, in particular, completely characterize the complexity of the already very nontrivial problem of covering one- and two-vertex (multi)graphs with semi-edges. Our NP-hardness results are proven for simple input graphs, and in the case of regular two-vertex target graphs, even for bipartite ones. We remark that our new characterization results also strengthen previously known results for covering graphs without semi-edges, and they in turn apply to an infinite class of simple target graphs with at most two vertices of degree more than two. Some of the results are moreover proven in a more general setting (e.g., finding k-tuples of pairwise disjoint perfect matchings in regular graphs, or finding equitable partitions of regular bipartite graphs).

Jan Bok, Jiří Fiala, Petr Hliněný, Nikola Jedličková, and Jan Kratochvíl. Computational Complexity of Covering Multigraphs with Semi-Edges: Small Cases. In 46th International Symposium on Mathematical Foundations of Computer Science (MFCS 2021). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 202, pp. 21:1-21:15, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2021)

Copy BibTex To Clipboard

@InProceedings{bok_et_al:LIPIcs.MFCS.2021.21, author = {Bok, Jan and Fiala, Ji\v{r}{\'\i} and Hlin\v{e}n\'{y}, Petr and Jedli\v{c}kov\'{a}, Nikola and Kratochv{\'\i}l, Jan}, title = {{Computational Complexity of Covering Multigraphs with Semi-Edges: Small Cases}}, booktitle = {46th International Symposium on Mathematical Foundations of Computer Science (MFCS 2021)}, pages = {21:1--21:15}, series = {Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)}, ISBN = {978-3-95977-201-3}, ISSN = {1868-8969}, year = {2021}, volume = {202}, editor = {Bonchi, Filippo and Puglisi, Simon J.}, publisher = {Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik}, address = {Dagstuhl, Germany}, URL = {https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.MFCS.2021.21}, URN = {urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-144611}, doi = {10.4230/LIPIcs.MFCS.2021.21}, annote = {Keywords: graph cover, covering projection, semi-edges, multigraphs, complexity} }

Document

**Published in:** LIPIcs, Volume 170, 45th International Symposium on Mathematical Foundations of Computer Science (MFCS 2020)

An H-graph is the intersection graph of connected subgraphs of a suitable subdivision of a fixed graph H, introduced by Biró, Hujter and Tuza (1992). We focus on S_d-graphs as a special case generalizing interval graphs. A graph G is an S_d-graph iff it is the intersection graph of connected subgraphs of a subdivision of a star S_d with d rays.
We give an FPT algorithm to solve the isomorphism problem for S_d-graphs with the parameter d. This solves an open problem of Chaplick, Töpfer, Voborník and Zeman (2016). In the course of our proof, we also show that the isomorphism problem of S_d-graphs is computationally at least as hard as the isomorphism problem of posets of bounded width.

Deniz Ağaoğlu and Petr Hliněný. Isomorphism Problem for S_d-Graphs. In 45th International Symposium on Mathematical Foundations of Computer Science (MFCS 2020). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 170, pp. 4:1-4:14, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2020)

Copy BibTex To Clipboard

@InProceedings{agaoglu_et_al:LIPIcs.MFCS.2020.4, author = {A\u{g}ao\u{g}lu, Deniz and Hlin\v{e}n\'{y}, Petr}, title = {{Isomorphism Problem for S\underlined-Graphs}}, booktitle = {45th International Symposium on Mathematical Foundations of Computer Science (MFCS 2020)}, pages = {4:1--4:14}, series = {Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)}, ISBN = {978-3-95977-159-7}, ISSN = {1868-8969}, year = {2020}, volume = {170}, editor = {Esparza, Javier and Kr\'{a}l', Daniel}, publisher = {Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik}, address = {Dagstuhl, Germany}, URL = {https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.MFCS.2020.4}, URN = {urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-126754}, doi = {10.4230/LIPIcs.MFCS.2020.4}, annote = {Keywords: intersection graph, isomorphism testing, interval graph, H-graph} }

Document

**Published in:** LIPIcs, Volume 129, 35th International Symposium on Computational Geometry (SoCG 2019)

We study c-crossing-critical graphs, which are the minimal graphs that require at least c edge-crossings when drawn in the plane. For every fixed pair of integers with c >= 13 and d >= 1, we give first explicit constructions of c-crossing-critical graphs containing a vertex of degree greater than d. We also show that such unbounded degree constructions do not exist for c <=12, precisely, that there exists a constant D such that every c-crossing-critical graph with c <=12 has maximum degree at most D. Hence, the bounded maximum degree conjecture of c-crossing-critical graphs, which was generally disproved in 2010 by Dvořák and Mohar (without an explicit construction), holds true, surprisingly, exactly for the values c <=12.

Drago Bokal, Zdeněk Dvořák, Petr Hliněný, Jesús Leaños, Bojan Mohar, and Tilo Wiedera. Bounded Degree Conjecture Holds Precisely for c-Crossing-Critical Graphs with c <= 12. In 35th International Symposium on Computational Geometry (SoCG 2019). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 129, pp. 14:1-14:15, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2019)

Copy BibTex To Clipboard

@InProceedings{bokal_et_al:LIPIcs.SoCG.2019.14, author = {Bokal, Drago and Dvo\v{r}\'{a}k, Zden\v{e}k and Hlin\v{e}n\'{y}, Petr and Lea\~{n}os, Jes\'{u}s and Mohar, Bojan and Wiedera, Tilo}, title = {{Bounded Degree Conjecture Holds Precisely for c-Crossing-Critical Graphs with c \langle= 12}}, booktitle = {35th International Symposium on Computational Geometry (SoCG 2019)}, pages = {14:1--14:15}, series = {Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)}, ISBN = {978-3-95977-104-7}, ISSN = {1868-8969}, year = {2019}, volume = {129}, editor = {Barequet, Gill and Wang, Yusu}, publisher = {Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik}, address = {Dagstuhl, Germany}, URL = {https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.SoCG.2019.14}, URN = {urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-104183}, doi = {10.4230/LIPIcs.SoCG.2019.14}, annote = {Keywords: graph drawing, crossing number, crossing-critical, zip product} }

Document

**Published in:** LIPIcs, Volume 99, 34th International Symposium on Computational Geometry (SoCG 2018)

We study c-crossing-critical graphs, which are the minimal graphs that require at least c edge-crossings when drawn in the plane. For c=1 there are only two such graphs without degree-2 vertices, K_5 and K_{3,3}, but for any fixed c>1 there exist infinitely many c-crossing-critical graphs. It has been previously shown that c-crossing-critical graphs have bounded path-width and contain only a bounded number of internally disjoint paths between any two vertices. We expand on these results, providing a more detailed description of the structure of crossing-critical graphs. On the way towards this description, we prove a new structural characterisation of plane graphs of bounded path-width. Then we show that every c-crossing-critical graph can be obtained from a c-crossing-critical graph of bounded size by replicating bounded-size parts that already appear in narrow "bands" or "fans" in the graph. This also gives an algorithm to generate all the c-crossing-critical graphs of at most given order n in polynomial time per each generated graph.

Zdenek Dvorák, Petr Hlinený, and Bojan Mohar. Structure and Generation of Crossing-Critical Graphs. In 34th International Symposium on Computational Geometry (SoCG 2018). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 99, pp. 33:1-33:14, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2018)

Copy BibTex To Clipboard

@InProceedings{dvorak_et_al:LIPIcs.SoCG.2018.33, author = {Dvor\'{a}k, Zdenek and Hlinen\'{y}, Petr and Mohar, Bojan}, title = {{Structure and Generation of Crossing-Critical Graphs}}, booktitle = {34th International Symposium on Computational Geometry (SoCG 2018)}, pages = {33:1--33:14}, series = {Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)}, ISBN = {978-3-95977-066-8}, ISSN = {1868-8969}, year = {2018}, volume = {99}, editor = {Speckmann, Bettina and T\'{o}th, Csaba D.}, publisher = {Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik}, address = {Dagstuhl, Germany}, URL = {https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.SoCG.2018.33}, URN = {urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-87460}, doi = {10.4230/LIPIcs.SoCG.2018.33}, annote = {Keywords: crossing number, crossing-critical, path-width, exhaustive generation} }

Document

**Published in:** LIPIcs, Volume 89, 12th International Symposium on Parameterized and Exact Computation (IPEC 2017)

Over the past two decades the main focus of research into first-order (FO) model checking algorithms has been on sparse relational structures – culminating in the FPT algorithm by Grohe, Kreutzer and Siebertz for FO model checking of nowhere dense classes of graphs. On contrary to that, except the case of locally bounded clique-width only little is currently known about FO model checking of dense classes of graphs or other structures. We study the FO model checking problem for dense graph classes definable by geometric means (intersection and visibility graphs). We obtain new nontrivial FPT results, e.g., for restricted subclasses of circular-arc, circle, box, disk, and polygon-visibility graphs. These results use the FPT algorithm by Gajarský et al. for FO model checking of posets of bounded width. We also complement the tractability results by related hardness reductions.

Petr Hlineny, Filip Pokrývka, and Bodhayan Roy. FO Model Checking of Geometric Graphs. In 12th International Symposium on Parameterized and Exact Computation (IPEC 2017). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 89, pp. 19:1-19:12, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2018)

Copy BibTex To Clipboard

@InProceedings{hlineny_et_al:LIPIcs.IPEC.2017.19, author = {Hlineny, Petr and Pokr\'{y}vka, Filip and Roy, Bodhayan}, title = {{FO Model Checking of Geometric Graphs}}, booktitle = {12th International Symposium on Parameterized and Exact Computation (IPEC 2017)}, pages = {19:1--19:12}, series = {Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)}, ISBN = {978-3-95977-051-4}, ISSN = {1868-8969}, year = {2018}, volume = {89}, editor = {Lokshtanov, Daniel and Nishimura, Naomi}, publisher = {Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik}, address = {Dagstuhl, Germany}, URL = {https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.IPEC.2017.19}, URN = {urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-85597}, doi = {10.4230/LIPIcs.IPEC.2017.19}, annote = {Keywords: first-order logic, model checking, fixed-parameter tractability, intersection graphs, visibility graphs} }

Document

**Published in:** LIPIcs, Volume 93, 37th IARCS Annual Conference on Foundations of Software Technology and Theoretical Computer Science (FSTTCS 2017)

We study the problem of colouring the visibility graphs of polygons. In particular, we provide
a polynomial algorithm for 4-colouring of the polygon visibility graphs, and prove that the 6-
colourability question is already NP-complete for them.

Onur Cagirici, Petr Hlinený, and Bodhayan Roy. On Colourability of Polygon Visibility Graphs. In 37th IARCS Annual Conference on Foundations of Software Technology and Theoretical Computer Science (FSTTCS 2017). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 93, pp. 21:1-21:14, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2018)

Copy BibTex To Clipboard

@InProceedings{cagirici_et_al:LIPIcs.FSTTCS.2017.21, author = {Cagirici, Onur and Hlinen\'{y}, Petr and Roy, Bodhayan}, title = {{On Colourability of Polygon Visibility Graphs}}, booktitle = {37th IARCS Annual Conference on Foundations of Software Technology and Theoretical Computer Science (FSTTCS 2017)}, pages = {21:1--21:14}, series = {Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)}, ISBN = {978-3-95977-055-2}, ISSN = {1868-8969}, year = {2018}, volume = {93}, editor = {Lokam, Satya and Ramanujam, R.}, publisher = {Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik}, address = {Dagstuhl, Germany}, URL = {https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.FSTTCS.2017.21}, URN = {urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-83814}, doi = {10.4230/LIPIcs.FSTTCS.2017.21}, annote = {Keywords: polygon visibility graph, graph coloring, NP-completeness} }

Document

**Published in:** LIPIcs, Volume 51, 32nd International Symposium on Computational Geometry (SoCG 2016)

Let G be a connected planar (but not yet embedded) graph and F a set of additional edges not in G. The multiple edge insertion problem (MEI) asks for a drawing of G+F with the minimum number of pairwise edge crossings, such that the subdrawing of G is plane. An optimal solution to this problem is known to approximate the crossing number of the graph G+F.
Finding an exact solution to MEI is NP-hard for general F, but linear time solvable for the special case of |F|=1 [Gutwenger et al, SODA 2001/Algorithmica] and polynomial time solvable when all of F are incident to a new vertex [Chimani et al, SODA 2009]. The complexity for general F but with constant k=|F| was open, but algorithms both with relative and absolute approximation guarantees have been presented [Chuzhoy et al, SODA 2011], [Chimani-Hlineny, ICALP 2011]. We show that the problem is fixed parameter tractable (FPT) in k for biconnected G, or if the cut vertices of G have bounded degrees. We give the first exact algorithm for this problem; it requires only O(|V(G)|) time for any constant k.

Markus Chimani and Petr Hlinený. Inserting Multiple Edges into a Planar Graph. In 32nd International Symposium on Computational Geometry (SoCG 2016). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 51, pp. 30:1-30:15, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2016)

Copy BibTex To Clipboard

@InProceedings{chimani_et_al:LIPIcs.SoCG.2016.30, author = {Chimani, Markus and Hlinen\'{y}, Petr}, title = {{Inserting Multiple Edges into a Planar Graph}}, booktitle = {32nd International Symposium on Computational Geometry (SoCG 2016)}, pages = {30:1--30:15}, series = {Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)}, ISBN = {978-3-95977-009-5}, ISSN = {1868-8969}, year = {2016}, volume = {51}, editor = {Fekete, S\'{a}ndor and Lubiw, Anna}, publisher = {Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik}, address = {Dagstuhl, Germany}, URL = {https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.SoCG.2016.30}, URN = {urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-59223}, doi = {10.4230/LIPIcs.SoCG.2016.30}, annote = {Keywords: crossing number, edge insertion, parameterized complexity, path homotopy, funnel algorithm} }

Document

**Published in:** LIPIcs, Volume 51, 32nd International Symposium on Computational Geometry (SoCG 2016)

The graph crossing number problem, cr(G)<=k, asks for a drawing of a graph G in the plane with at most k edge crossings. Although this problem is in general notoriously difficult, it is fixed-parameter tractable for the parameter k [Grohe, STOC 2001]. This suggests a closely related question of whether this problem has a polynomial kernel, meaning whether every instance of cr(G)<=k can be in polynomial time reduced to an equivalent instance of size polynomial in k (and independent of |G|). We answer this question in the negative. Along the proof we show that the tile crossing number problem of twisted planar tiles is NP-hard, which has been an open problem for some time, too, and then employ the complexity technique of cross-composition. Our result holds already for the special case of graphs obtained from planar graphs by adding one edge.

Petr Hlinený and Marek Dernár. Crossing Number is Hard for Kernelization. In 32nd International Symposium on Computational Geometry (SoCG 2016). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 51, pp. 42:1-42:10, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2016)

Copy BibTex To Clipboard

@InProceedings{hlineny_et_al:LIPIcs.SoCG.2016.42, author = {Hlinen\'{y}, Petr and Dern\'{a}r, Marek}, title = {{Crossing Number is Hard for Kernelization}}, booktitle = {32nd International Symposium on Computational Geometry (SoCG 2016)}, pages = {42:1--42:10}, series = {Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)}, ISBN = {978-3-95977-009-5}, ISSN = {1868-8969}, year = {2016}, volume = {51}, editor = {Fekete, S\'{a}ndor and Lubiw, Anna}, publisher = {Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik}, address = {Dagstuhl, Germany}, URL = {https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.SoCG.2016.42}, URN = {urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-59347}, doi = {10.4230/LIPIcs.SoCG.2016.42}, annote = {Keywords: crossing number; tile crossing number; parameterized complexity; polynomial kernel; cross-composition} }

Document

**Published in:** LIPIcs, Volume 18, IARCS Annual Conference on Foundations of Software Technology and Theoretical Computer Science (FSTTCS 2012)

We prove, in the universe of trees of bounded height, that for any MSO formula with $m$ variables there exists a set of kernels such that the size of each of these kernels can be bounded by an elementary function of m. This yields a faster MSO model checking algorithm for trees of bounded height than the one for general trees.
From that we obtain, by means of interpretation, corresponding results for the classes of graphs of bounded tree-depth (MSO_2) and shrub-depth (MSO_1), and thus we give wide generalizations of Lampis' (ESA 2010) and Ganian's (IPEC 2011) results. In the second part of the paper we use this kernel structure to show that FO has the same expressive power as MSO_1 on the graph classes of bounded shrub-depth. This makes bounded shrub-depth a good candidate for characterization of the hereditary classes of graphs on which FO and MSO_1 coincide, a problem recently posed by Elberfeld, Grohe, and Tantau (LICS 2012).

Jakub Gajarsky and Petr Hlineny. Faster Deciding MSO Properties of Trees of Fixed Height, and Some Consequences. In IARCS Annual Conference on Foundations of Software Technology and Theoretical Computer Science (FSTTCS 2012). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 18, pp. 112-123, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2012)

Copy BibTex To Clipboard

@InProceedings{gajarsky_et_al:LIPIcs.FSTTCS.2012.112, author = {Gajarsky, Jakub and Hlineny, Petr}, title = {{Faster Deciding MSO Properties of Trees of Fixed Height, and Some Consequences}}, booktitle = {IARCS Annual Conference on Foundations of Software Technology and Theoretical Computer Science (FSTTCS 2012)}, pages = {112--123}, series = {Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)}, ISBN = {978-3-939897-47-7}, ISSN = {1868-8969}, year = {2012}, volume = {18}, editor = {D'Souza, Deepak and Radhakrishnan, Jaikumar and Telikepalli, Kavitha}, publisher = {Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik}, address = {Dagstuhl, Germany}, URL = {https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.FSTTCS.2012.112}, URN = {urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-38553}, doi = {10.4230/LIPIcs.FSTTCS.2012.112}, annote = {Keywords: MSO graph property, tree-width, tree-depth, shrub-depth} }

Document

Complete Volume

**Published in:** OASIcs, Volume 13, Annual Doctoral Workshop on Mathematical and Engineering Methods in Computer Science (MEMICS'09) (2009)

OASIcs, Volume 13, MEMICS'09, Complete Volume

Annual Doctoral Workshop on Mathematical and Engineering Methods in Computer Science (MEMICS'09). Open Access Series in Informatics (OASIcs), Volume 13, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2012)

Copy BibTex To Clipboard

@Proceedings{hlineny_et_al:OASIcs.MEMICS.2009, title = {{OASIcs, Volume 13, MEMICS'09, Complete Volume}}, booktitle = {Annual Doctoral Workshop on Mathematical and Engineering Methods in Computer Science (MEMICS'09)}, series = {Open Access Series in Informatics (OASIcs)}, ISBN = {978-3-939897-15-6}, ISSN = {2190-6807}, year = {2012}, volume = {13}, editor = {Hlinen\'{y}, Petr and Maty\'{a}\v{s}, V\'{a}clav and Vojnar, Tom\'{a}\v{s}}, publisher = {Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik}, address = {Dagstuhl, Germany}, URL = {https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/OASIcs.MEMICS.2009}, URN = {urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-35756}, doi = {10.4230/OASIcs.MEMICS.2009}, annote = {Keywords: Mathematics of Computing, Physical Sciences and Engineering} }

Document

**Published in:** LIPIcs, Volume 14, 29th International Symposium on Theoretical Aspects of Computer Science (STACS 2012)

One of the most important algorithmic meta-theorems is a famous result
by Courcelle, which states that any graph problem definable in monadic second-order logic with edge-set quantifications (MSO2) is decidable in linear time on any class of graphs of bounded tree-width. In the parlance of parameterized complexity, this means that MSO2 model-checking is fixed-parameter tractable with respect to the tree-width as parameter. Recently, Kreutzer and Tazari proved a corresponding complexity lower-bound---that MSO2 model-checking is not even in XP wrt the formula size as parameter for graph classes that are subgraph-closed and whose tree-width is poly-logarithmically unbounded. Of course, this is not an unconditional result but holds modulo a certain complexity-theoretic assumption, namely, the Exponential Time Hypothesis (ETH).
In this paper we present a closely related result. We show that
even MSO1 model-checking with a fixed set of vertex labels,
but without edge-set quantifications, is not in XP wrt the formula
size as parameter for graph classes which are subgraph-closed and
whose tree-width is poly-logarithmically unbounded unless the non-uniform ETH fails. In comparison to Kreutzer and Tazari, (1) we use a stronger prerequisite, namely non-uniform instead of uniform ETH, to avoid the effectiveness assumption and the construction of certain obstructions used in their proofs; and (2) we assume a different set of problems to be efficiently decidable, namely MSO1-definable properties on vertex labeled graphs instead of MSO2-definable properties on unlabeled graphs.
Our result has an interesting consequence in the realm of digraph width measures: Strengthening a recent result, we show that no
subdigraph-monotone measure can be algorithmically useful, unless it is within a poly-logarithmic factor of (undirected) tree-width.

Robert Ganian, Petr Hlineny, Alexander Langer, Jan Obdržálek, Peter Rossmanith, and Somnath Sikdar. Lower Bounds on the Complexity of MSO_1 Model-Checking. In 29th International Symposium on Theoretical Aspects of Computer Science (STACS 2012). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 14, pp. 326-337, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2012)

Copy BibTex To Clipboard

@InProceedings{ganian_et_al:LIPIcs.STACS.2012.326, author = {Ganian, Robert and Hlineny, Petr and Langer, Alexander and Obdr\v{z}\'{a}lek, Jan and Rossmanith, Peter and Sikdar, Somnath}, title = {{Lower Bounds on the Complexity of MSO\underline1 Model-Checking}}, booktitle = {29th International Symposium on Theoretical Aspects of Computer Science (STACS 2012)}, pages = {326--337}, series = {Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)}, ISBN = {978-3-939897-35-4}, ISSN = {1868-8969}, year = {2012}, volume = {14}, editor = {D\"{u}rr, Christoph and Wilke, Thomas}, publisher = {Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik}, address = {Dagstuhl, Germany}, URL = {https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.STACS.2012.326}, URN = {urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-34185}, doi = {10.4230/LIPIcs.STACS.2012.326}, annote = {Keywords: Monadic Second-Order Logic, Treewidth, Lower Bounds, Exponential Time Hypothesis, Parameterized Complexity} }

Document

**Published in:** LIPIcs, Volume 9, 28th International Symposium on Theoretical Aspects of Computer Science (STACS 2011)

In recent years, the parameterized complexity approach has lead to the introduction of many new algorithms and frameworks on graphs and digraphs of bounded clique-width and, equivalently, rank-width. However, despite intensive work on the subject, there still exist well-established hard problems where neither a parameterized algorithm nor a theoretical obstacle to its existence are known. Our article is interested mainly in the digraph case, targeting the well-known Minimum Leaf Out-Branching (cf. also Minimum Leaf Spanning Tree) and Edge Disjoint Paths problems on digraphs of bounded clique-width with non-standard new approaches.
The first part of the article deals with the Minimum Leaf Out-Branching problem and introduces a novel XP-time algorithm wrt. clique-width. We remark that this problem is known to be W[2]-hard, and that our algorithm does not resemble any of the previously published attempts solving special cases of it such as the Hamiltonian Path. The second part then looks at the Edge Disjoint Paths problem (both on graphs and digraphs) from a different perspective -- rather surprisingly showing that this problem has a definition in the MSO_1 logic of graphs. The linear-time FPT algorithm wrt. clique-width then follows as a direct consequence.

Robert Ganian, Petr Hlineny, and Jan Obdrzalek. Clique-width: When Hard Does Not Mean Impossible. In 28th International Symposium on Theoretical Aspects of Computer Science (STACS 2011). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 9, pp. 404-415, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2011)

Copy BibTex To Clipboard

@InProceedings{ganian_et_al:LIPIcs.STACS.2011.404, author = {Ganian, Robert and Hlineny, Petr and Obdrzalek, Jan}, title = {{Clique-width: When Hard Does Not Mean Impossible}}, booktitle = {28th International Symposium on Theoretical Aspects of Computer Science (STACS 2011)}, pages = {404--415}, series = {Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)}, ISBN = {978-3-939897-25-5}, ISSN = {1868-8969}, year = {2011}, volume = {9}, editor = {Schwentick, Thomas and D\"{u}rr, Christoph}, publisher = {Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik}, address = {Dagstuhl, Germany}, URL = {https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.STACS.2011.404}, URN = {urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-30309}, doi = {10.4230/LIPIcs.STACS.2011.404}, annote = {Keywords: clique-width, bi-rank-width, minimum leaf out-branching, minimum leaf spanning tree, edge-disjoint paths} }

Document

**Published in:** LIPIcs, Volume 8, IARCS Annual Conference on Foundations of Software Technology and Theoretical Computer Science (FSTTCS 2010)

We provide a parameterized polynomial algorithm for the propositional model counting problem #SAT, the runtime of which is single-exponential in the rank-width of a formula. Previously, analogous algorithms have been known --e.g. [Fischer, Makowsky, and Ravve]-- with a single-exponential dependency on the clique-width of a formula. Our algorithm thus presents an exponential runtime improvement (since clique-width reaches up to exponentially higher values than rank-width), and can be of practical interest for small values of rank-width. We also provide an algorithm for the MAX-SAT problem along the same lines.

Robert Ganian, Petr Hlinený, and Jan Obdrzálek. Better Algorithms for Satisfiability Problems for Formulas of Bounded Rank-width. In IARCS Annual Conference on Foundations of Software Technology and Theoretical Computer Science (FSTTCS 2010). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 8, pp. 73-83, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2010)

Copy BibTex To Clipboard

@InProceedings{ganian_et_al:LIPIcs.FSTTCS.2010.73, author = {Ganian, Robert and Hlinen\'{y}, Petr and Obdrz\'{a}lek, Jan}, title = {{Better Algorithms for Satisfiability Problems for Formulas of Bounded Rank-width}}, booktitle = {IARCS Annual Conference on Foundations of Software Technology and Theoretical Computer Science (FSTTCS 2010)}, pages = {73--83}, series = {Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)}, ISBN = {978-3-939897-23-1}, ISSN = {1868-8969}, year = {2010}, volume = {8}, editor = {Lodaya, Kamal and Mahajan, Meena}, publisher = {Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik}, address = {Dagstuhl, Germany}, URL = {https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.FSTTCS.2010.73}, URN = {urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-28541}, doi = {10.4230/LIPIcs.FSTTCS.2010.73}, annote = {Keywords: propositional model counting; satisfiability; rank-width; clique-width ; parameterized complexity} }

Document

Front Matter

**Published in:** OASIcs, Volume 13, Annual Doctoral Workshop on Mathematical and Engineering Methods in Computer Science (MEMICS'09) (2009)

The 2009 edition of the International Doctoral Workshop on Mathematical and Engineering Methods in Computer Science (MEMICS'09) is the fifth in a~row of three-day workshops organized in South Moravia by Faculty of Information Technology of Brno University of Technology and Faculty of Informatics of Masaryk University.
MEMICS'09 was held in Znojmo, Czech Republic, on November 13--15, 2009.

Annual Doctoral Workshop on Mathematical and Engineering Methods in Computer Science (MEMICS'09). Open Access Series in Informatics (OASIcs), Volume 13, pp. i-vi, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2009)

Copy BibTex To Clipboard

@InProceedings{hlineny_et_al:OASIcs:2009:DROPS.MEMICS.2009.2342, author = {Hlinen\'{y}, Petr and Maty\'{a}\v{s}, V\'{a}clav and Vojnar, Tom\'{a}\v{s}}, title = {{Preface -- Annual Doctoral Workshop on Mathematical and Engineering Methods in Computer Science (MEMICS'09)}}, booktitle = {Annual Doctoral Workshop on Mathematical and Engineering Methods in Computer Science (MEMICS'09)}, pages = {i--vi}, series = {Open Access Series in Informatics (OASIcs)}, ISBN = {978-3-939897-15-6}, ISSN = {2190-6807}, year = {2009}, volume = {13}, editor = {Hlinen\'{y}, Petr and Maty\'{a}\v{s}, V\'{a}clav and Vojnar, Tom\'{a}\v{s}}, publisher = {Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik}, address = {Dagstuhl, Germany}, URL = {https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/DROPS.MEMICS.2009.2342}, URN = {urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-23425}, doi = {10.4230/DROPS.MEMICS.2009.2342}, annote = {Keywords: MEMICS 2009} }