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**Published in:** LIPIcs, Volume 204, 29th Annual European Symposium on Algorithms (ESA 2021)

We consider the embeddability problem of a graph G into a two-dimensional simplicial complex C: Given G and C, decide whether G admits a topological embedding into C. The problem is NP-hard, even in the restricted case where C is homeomorphic to a surface.
It is known that the problem admits an algorithm with running time f(c)n^{O(c)}, where n is the size of the graph G and c is the size of the two-dimensional complex C. In other words, that algorithm is polynomial when C is fixed, but the degree of the polynomial depends on C. We prove that the problem is fixed-parameter tractable in the size of the two-dimensional complex, by providing a deterministic f(c)n³-time algorithm. We also provide a randomized algorithm with expected running time 2^{c^{O(1)}}n^{O(1)}.
Our approach is to reduce to the case where G has bounded branchwidth via an irrelevant vertex method, and to apply dynamic programming. We do not rely on any component of the existing linear-time algorithms for embedding graphs on a fixed surface; the only elaborated tool that we use is an algorithm to compute grid minors.

Éric Colin de Verdière and Thomas Magnard. An FPT Algorithm for the Embeddability of Graphs into Two-Dimensional Simplicial Complexes. In 29th Annual European Symposium on Algorithms (ESA 2021). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 204, pp. 32:1-32:17, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2021)

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@InProceedings{colindeverdiere_et_al:LIPIcs.ESA.2021.32, author = {Colin de Verdi\`{e}re, \'{E}ric and Magnard, Thomas}, title = {{An FPT Algorithm for the Embeddability of Graphs into Two-Dimensional Simplicial Complexes}}, booktitle = {29th Annual European Symposium on Algorithms (ESA 2021)}, pages = {32:1--32:17}, series = {Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)}, ISBN = {978-3-95977-204-4}, ISSN = {1868-8969}, year = {2021}, volume = {204}, editor = {Mutzel, Petra and Pagh, Rasmus and Herman, Grzegorz}, publisher = {Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik}, address = {Dagstuhl, Germany}, URL = {https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.ESA.2021.32}, URN = {urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-146139}, doi = {10.4230/LIPIcs.ESA.2021.32}, annote = {Keywords: computational topology, embedding, simplicial complex, graph, surface, fixed-parameter tractability} }

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**Published in:** LIPIcs, Volume 99, 34th International Symposium on Computational Geometry (SoCG 2018)

We consider the problem of deciding whether an input graph G admits a topological embedding into a two-dimensional simplicial complex C. This problem includes, among others, the embeddability problem of a graph on a surface and the topological crossing number of a graph, but is more general.
The problem is NP-complete when C is part of the input, and we give a polynomial-time algorithm if the complex C is fixed.
Our strategy is to reduce the problem to an embedding extension problem on a surface, which has the following form: Given a subgraph H' of a graph G', and an embedding of H' on a surface S, can that embedding be extended to an embedding of G' on S? Such problems can be solved, in turn, using a key component in Mohar's algorithm to decide the embeddability of a graph on a fixed surface (STOC 1996, SIAM J. Discr. Math. 1999).

Éric Colin de Verdière, Thomas Magnard, and Bojan Mohar. Embedding Graphs into Two-Dimensional Simplicial Complexes. In 34th International Symposium on Computational Geometry (SoCG 2018). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 99, pp. 27:1-27:14, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2018)

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@InProceedings{verdiere_et_al:LIPIcs.SoCG.2018.27, author = {Verdi\`{e}re, \'{E}ric Colin de and Magnard, Thomas and Mohar, Bojan}, title = {{Embedding Graphs into Two-Dimensional Simplicial Complexes}}, booktitle = {34th International Symposium on Computational Geometry (SoCG 2018)}, pages = {27:1--27:14}, series = {Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)}, ISBN = {978-3-95977-066-8}, ISSN = {1868-8969}, year = {2018}, volume = {99}, editor = {Speckmann, Bettina and T\'{o}th, Csaba D.}, publisher = {Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik}, address = {Dagstuhl, Germany}, URL = {https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.SoCG.2018.27}, URN = {urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-87401}, doi = {10.4230/LIPIcs.SoCG.2018.27}, annote = {Keywords: computational topology, embedding, simplicial complex, graph, surface} }

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