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**Published in:** LIPIcs, Volume 308, 32nd Annual European Symposium on Algorithms (ESA 2024)

The matching and linear matroid intersection problems are solvable in quasi-NC, meaning that there exist deterministic algorithms that run in polylogarithmic time and use quasi-polynomially many parallel processors. However, such a parallel algorithm is unknown for linear matroid matching, which generalizes both of these problems. In this work, we propose a quasi-NC algorithm for fractional linear matroid matching, which is a relaxation of linear matroid matching and commonly generalizes fractional matching and linear matroid intersection. Our algorithm builds upon the connection of fractional matroid matching to non-commutative Edmonds' problem recently revealed by Oki and Soma (2023). As a corollary, we also solve black-box non-commutative Edmonds' problem with rank-two skew-symmetric coefficients.

Rohit Gurjar, Taihei Oki, and Roshan Raj. Fractional Linear Matroid Matching Is in Quasi-NC. In 32nd Annual European Symposium on Algorithms (ESA 2024). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 308, pp. 63:1-63:14, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2024)

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@InProceedings{gurjar_et_al:LIPIcs.ESA.2024.63, author = {Gurjar, Rohit and Oki, Taihei and Raj, Roshan}, title = {{Fractional Linear Matroid Matching Is in Quasi-NC}}, booktitle = {32nd Annual European Symposium on Algorithms (ESA 2024)}, pages = {63:1--63:14}, series = {Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)}, ISBN = {978-3-95977-338-6}, ISSN = {1868-8969}, year = {2024}, volume = {308}, editor = {Chan, Timothy and Fischer, Johannes and Iacono, John and Herman, Grzegorz}, publisher = {Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik}, address = {Dagstuhl, Germany}, URL = {https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.ESA.2024.63}, URN = {urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-211344}, doi = {10.4230/LIPIcs.ESA.2024.63}, annote = {Keywords: parallel algorithms, hitting set, non-commutative rank, Brascamp-Lieb polytope, algebraic algorithms} }

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Track A: Algorithms, Complexity and Games

**Published in:** LIPIcs, Volume 297, 51st International Colloquium on Automata, Languages, and Programming (ICALP 2024)

Consider a matroid equipped with a labeling of its ground set to an abelian group. We define the label of a subset of the ground set as the sum of the labels of its elements. We study a collection of problems on finding bases and common bases of matroids with restrictions on their labels. For zero bases and zero common bases, the results are mostly negative. While finding a non-zero basis of a matroid is not difficult, it turns out that the complexity of finding a non-zero common basis depends on the group. Namely, we show that the problem is hard for a fixed group if it contains an element of order two, otherwise it is polynomially solvable.
As a generalization of both zero and non-zero constraints, we further study F-avoiding constraints where we seek a basis or common basis whose label is not in a given set F of forbidden labels. Using algebraic techniques, we give a randomized algorithm for finding an F-avoiding common basis of two matroids represented over the same field for finite groups given as operation tables. The study of F-avoiding bases with groups given as oracles leads to a conjecture stating that whenever an F-avoiding basis exists, an F-avoiding basis can be obtained from an arbitrary basis by exchanging at most |F| elements. We prove the conjecture for the special cases when |F| ≤ 2 or the group is ordered. By relying on structural observations on matroids representable over fixed, finite fields, we verify a relaxed version of the conjecture for these matroids. As a consequence, we obtain a polynomial-time algorithm in these special cases for finding an F-avoiding basis when |F| is fixed.

Florian Hörsch, András Imolay, Ryuhei Mizutani, Taihei Oki, and Tamás Schwarcz. Problems on Group-Labeled Matroid Bases. In 51st International Colloquium on Automata, Languages, and Programming (ICALP 2024). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 297, pp. 86:1-86:20, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2024)

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@InProceedings{horsch_et_al:LIPIcs.ICALP.2024.86, author = {H\"{o}rsch, Florian and Imolay, Andr\'{a}s and Mizutani, Ryuhei and Oki, Taihei and Schwarcz, Tam\'{a}s}, title = {{Problems on Group-Labeled Matroid Bases}}, booktitle = {51st International Colloquium on Automata, Languages, and Programming (ICALP 2024)}, pages = {86:1--86:20}, series = {Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)}, ISBN = {978-3-95977-322-5}, ISSN = {1868-8969}, year = {2024}, volume = {297}, editor = {Bringmann, Karl and Grohe, Martin and Puppis, Gabriele and Svensson, Ola}, publisher = {Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik}, address = {Dagstuhl, Germany}, URL = {https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.ICALP.2024.86}, URN = {urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-202299}, doi = {10.4230/LIPIcs.ICALP.2024.86}, annote = {Keywords: matroids, matroid intersection, congruency constraint, exact-weight constraint, additive combinatorics, algebraic algorithm, strongly base orderability} }

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Track A: Algorithms, Complexity and Games

**Published in:** LIPIcs, Volume 168, 47th International Colloquium on Automata, Languages, and Programming (ICALP 2020)

In this paper, we consider computing the degree of the Dieudonné determinant of a polynomial matrix A = A_l + A_{l-1} s + ⋯ + A₀ s^l, where each A_d is a linear symbolic matrix, i.e., entries of A_d are affine functions in symbols x₁, …, x_m over a field K. This problem is a natural "weighted analog" of Edmonds' problem, which is to compute the rank of a linear symbolic matrix. Regarding x₁, …, x_m as commutative or noncommutative, two different versions of weighted and unweighted Edmonds' problems can be considered. Deterministic polynomial-time algorithms are unknown for commutative Edmonds' problem and have been proposed recently for noncommutative Edmonds' problem.
The main contribution of this paper is to establish a deterministic polynomial-time reduction from (non)commutative weighted Edmonds' problem to unweighed Edmonds' problem. Our reduction makes use of the discrete Legendre conjugacy between the integer sequences of the maximum degree of minors of A and the rank of linear symbolic matrices obtained from the coefficient matrices of A. Combined with algorithms for noncommutative Edmonds' problem, our reduction yields the first deterministic polynomial-time algorithm for noncommutative weighted Edmonds' problem with polynomial bit-length bounds. We also give a reduction of the degree computation of quasideterminants and its application to the degree computation of noncommutative rational functions.

Taihei Oki. On Solving (Non)commutative Weighted Edmonds' Problem. In 47th International Colloquium on Automata, Languages, and Programming (ICALP 2020). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 168, pp. 89:1-89:14, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2020)

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@InProceedings{oki:LIPIcs.ICALP.2020.89, author = {Oki, Taihei}, title = {{On Solving (Non)commutative Weighted Edmonds' Problem}}, booktitle = {47th International Colloquium on Automata, Languages, and Programming (ICALP 2020)}, pages = {89:1--89:14}, series = {Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)}, ISBN = {978-3-95977-138-2}, ISSN = {1868-8969}, year = {2020}, volume = {168}, editor = {Czumaj, Artur and Dawar, Anuj and Merelli, Emanuela}, publisher = {Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik}, address = {Dagstuhl, Germany}, URL = {https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.ICALP.2020.89}, URN = {urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-124963}, doi = {10.4230/LIPIcs.ICALP.2020.89}, annote = {Keywords: skew fields, Edmonds' problem, Dieudonn\'{e} determinant, degree computation, Smith - McMillan form, matrix expansion, discrete Legendre conjugacy} }

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