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**Published in:** LIPIcs, Volume 292, 3rd Symposium on Algorithmic Foundations of Dynamic Networks (SAND 2024)

Different variants of Vertex Cover have recently garnered attention in the context of temporal graphs. One of these variants is motivated by the need to summarize timeline activities in social networks. Here, the activities of individual vertices, representing users, are characterized by time intervals. In this paper, we explore a scenario where the temporal span of each vertex’s activity interval is bounded by an integer 𝓁, and the objective is to maximize the number of (temporal) edges that are covered. We establish the APX-hardness of this problem and the NP-hardness of the corresponding decision problem, even under the restricted condition where the temporal domain comprises only two timestamps and each edge appears at most once. Subsequently, we delve into the parameterized complexity of the problem, offering two fixed-parameter algorithms parameterized by: (i) the number k of temporal edges covered by the solution, and (ii) the number h of temporal edges not covered by the solution. Finally, we present a polynomial-time approximation algorithm achieving a factor of 3/4.

Riccardo Dondi, Fabrizio Montecchiani, Giacomo Ortali, Tommaso Piselli, and Alessandra Tappini. Partial Temporal Vertex Cover with Bounded Activity Intervals. In 3rd Symposium on Algorithmic Foundations of Dynamic Networks (SAND 2024). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 292, pp. 11:1-11:14, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2024)

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@InProceedings{dondi_et_al:LIPIcs.SAND.2024.11, author = {Dondi, Riccardo and Montecchiani, Fabrizio and Ortali, Giacomo and Piselli, Tommaso and Tappini, Alessandra}, title = {{Partial Temporal Vertex Cover with Bounded Activity Intervals}}, booktitle = {3rd Symposium on Algorithmic Foundations of Dynamic Networks (SAND 2024)}, pages = {11:1--11:14}, series = {Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)}, ISBN = {978-3-95977-315-7}, ISSN = {1868-8969}, year = {2024}, volume = {292}, editor = {Casteigts, Arnaud and Kuhn, Fabian}, publisher = {Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik}, address = {Dagstuhl, Germany}, URL = {https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.SAND.2024.11}, URN = {urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-198892}, doi = {10.4230/LIPIcs.SAND.2024.11}, annote = {Keywords: Temporal Graphs, Temporal Vertex Cover, Parameterized Complexity, Approximation Algorithms} }

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**Published in:** LIPIcs, Volume 283, 34th International Symposium on Algorithms and Computation (ISAAC 2023)

A rectilinear-upward planar drawing of a digraph G is a crossing-free drawing of G where each edge is either a horizontal or a vertical segment, and such that no directed edge points downward. Rectilinear-Upward Planarity Testing is the problem of deciding whether a digraph G admits a rectilinear-upward planar drawing. We show that: (i) Rectilinear-Upward Planarity Testing is NP-complete, even if G is biconnected; (ii) it can be solved in linear time when an upward planar embedding of G is fixed; (iii) the problem is polynomial-time solvable for biconnected digraphs of treewidth at most two, i.e., for digraphs whose underlying undirected graph is a series-parallel graph; (iv) for any biconnected digraph the problem is fixed-parameter tractable when parameterized by the number of sources and sinks in the digraph.

Walter Didimo, Michael Kaufmann, Giuseppe Liotta, Giacomo Ortali, and Maurizio Patrignani. Rectilinear-Upward Planarity Testing of Digraphs. In 34th International Symposium on Algorithms and Computation (ISAAC 2023). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 283, pp. 26:1-26:20, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2023)

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@InProceedings{didimo_et_al:LIPIcs.ISAAC.2023.26, author = {Didimo, Walter and Kaufmann, Michael and Liotta, Giuseppe and Ortali, Giacomo and Patrignani, Maurizio}, title = {{Rectilinear-Upward Planarity Testing of Digraphs}}, booktitle = {34th International Symposium on Algorithms and Computation (ISAAC 2023)}, pages = {26:1--26:20}, series = {Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)}, ISBN = {978-3-95977-289-1}, ISSN = {1868-8969}, year = {2023}, volume = {283}, editor = {Iwata, Satoru and Kakimura, Naonori}, publisher = {Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik}, address = {Dagstuhl, Germany}, URL = {https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.ISAAC.2023.26}, URN = {urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-193283}, doi = {10.4230/LIPIcs.ISAAC.2023.26}, annote = {Keywords: Graph drawing, orthogonal drawings, upward drawings, rectilinear planarity, upward planarity} }

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**Published in:** LIPIcs, Volume 272, 48th International Symposium on Mathematical Foundations of Computer Science (MFCS 2023)

Orienting the edges of an undirected graph such that the resulting digraph satisfies some given constraints is a classical problem in graph theory, with multiple algorithmic applications. In particular, an st-orientation orients each edge of the input graph such that the resulting digraph is acyclic, and it contains a single source s and a single sink t. Computing an st-orientation of a graph can be done efficiently, and it finds notable applications in graph algorithms and in particular in graph drawing. On the other hand, finding an st-orientation with at most k transitive edges is more challenging and it was recently proven to be NP-hard already when k = 0. We strengthen this result by showing that the problem remains NP-hard even for graphs of bounded diameter, and for graphs of bounded vertex degree. These computational lower bounds naturally raise the question about which structural parameters can lead to tractable parameterizations of the problem. Our main result is a fixed-parameter tractable algorithm parameterized by treewidth.

Carla Binucci, Giuseppe Liotta, Fabrizio Montecchiani, Giacomo Ortali, and Tommaso Piselli. On the Parameterized Complexity of Computing st-Orientations with Few Transitive Edges. In 48th International Symposium on Mathematical Foundations of Computer Science (MFCS 2023). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 272, pp. 18:1-18:15, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2023)

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@InProceedings{binucci_et_al:LIPIcs.MFCS.2023.18, author = {Binucci, Carla and Liotta, Giuseppe and Montecchiani, Fabrizio and Ortali, Giacomo and Piselli, Tommaso}, title = {{On the Parameterized Complexity of Computing st-Orientations with Few Transitive Edges}}, booktitle = {48th International Symposium on Mathematical Foundations of Computer Science (MFCS 2023)}, pages = {18:1--18:15}, series = {Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)}, ISBN = {978-3-95977-292-1}, ISSN = {1868-8969}, year = {2023}, volume = {272}, editor = {Leroux, J\'{e}r\^{o}me and Lombardy, Sylvain and Peleg, David}, publisher = {Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik}, address = {Dagstuhl, Germany}, URL = {https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.MFCS.2023.18}, URN = {urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-185524}, doi = {10.4230/LIPIcs.MFCS.2023.18}, annote = {Keywords: st-orientations, parameterized complexity, graph drawing} }