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Track B: Automata, Logic, Semantics, and Theory of Programming

**Published in:** LIPIcs, Volume 297, 51st International Colloquium on Automata, Languages, and Programming (ICALP 2024)

We consider the problem of satisfiability of sets of constraints in a given set of finite uniform hypergraphs. While the problem under consideration is similar in nature to the problem of satisfiability of constraints in graphs, the classical complexity reduction to finite-domain CSPs that was used in the proof of the complexity dichotomy for such problems cannot be used as a black box in our case. We therefore introduce an algorithmic technique inspired by classical notions from the theory of finite-domain CSPs, and prove its correctness based on symmetries that depend on a linear order that is external to the structures under consideration. Our second main result is a P/NP-complete complexity dichotomy for such problems over many sets of uniform hypergraphs. The proof is based on the translation of the problem into the framework of constraint satisfaction problems (CSPs) over infinite uniform hypergraphs. Our result confirms in particular the Bodirsky-Pinsker conjecture for CSPs of first-order reducts of some homogeneous hypergraphs. This forms a vast generalization of previous work by Bodirsky-Pinsker (STOC'11) and Bodirsky-Martin-Pinsker-Pongrácz (ICALP'16) on graph satisfiability.

Antoine Mottet, Tomáš Nagy, and Michael Pinsker. An Order out of Nowhere: A New Algorithm for Infinite-Domain {CSP}s. In 51st International Colloquium on Automata, Languages, and Programming (ICALP 2024). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 297, pp. 148:1-148:18, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2024)

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@InProceedings{mottet_et_al:LIPIcs.ICALP.2024.148, author = {Mottet, Antoine and Nagy, Tom\'{a}\v{s} and Pinsker, Michael}, title = {{An Order out of Nowhere: A New Algorithm for Infinite-Domain \{CSP\}s}}, booktitle = {51st International Colloquium on Automata, Languages, and Programming (ICALP 2024)}, pages = {148:1--148:18}, series = {Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)}, ISBN = {978-3-95977-322-5}, ISSN = {1868-8969}, year = {2024}, volume = {297}, editor = {Bringmann, Karl and Grohe, Martin and Puppis, Gabriele and Svensson, Ola}, publisher = {Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik}, address = {Dagstuhl, Germany}, URL = {https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.ICALP.2024.148}, URN = {urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-202912}, doi = {10.4230/LIPIcs.ICALP.2024.148}, annote = {Keywords: Constraint Satisfaction Problems, Hypergraphs, Polymorphisms} }

Document

Track B: Automata, Logic, Semantics, and Theory of Programming

**Published in:** LIPIcs, Volume 198, 48th International Colloquium on Automata, Languages, and Programming (ICALP 2021)

We prove that relational structures admitting specific polymorphisms (namely, canonical pseudo-WNU operations of all arities n ≥ 3) have low relational width. This implies a collapse of the bounded width hierarchy for numerous classes of infinite-domain CSPs studied in the literature. Moreover, we obtain a characterization of bounded width for first-order reducts of unary structures and a characterization of MMSNP sentences that are equivalent to a Datalog program, answering a question posed by Bienvenu et al.. In particular, the bounded width hierarchy collapses in those cases as well.

Antoine Mottet, Tomáš Nagy, Michael Pinsker, and Michał Wrona. Smooth Approximations and Relational Width Collapses. In 48th International Colloquium on Automata, Languages, and Programming (ICALP 2021). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 198, pp. 138:1-138:20, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2021)

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@InProceedings{mottet_et_al:LIPIcs.ICALP.2021.138, author = {Mottet, Antoine and Nagy, Tom\'{a}\v{s} and Pinsker, Michael and Wrona, Micha{\l}}, title = {{Smooth Approximations and Relational Width Collapses}}, booktitle = {48th International Colloquium on Automata, Languages, and Programming (ICALP 2021)}, pages = {138:1--138:20}, series = {Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)}, ISBN = {978-3-95977-195-5}, ISSN = {1868-8969}, year = {2021}, volume = {198}, editor = {Bansal, Nikhil and Merelli, Emanuela and Worrell, James}, publisher = {Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik}, address = {Dagstuhl, Germany}, URL = {https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.ICALP.2021.138}, URN = {urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-142075}, doi = {10.4230/LIPIcs.ICALP.2021.138}, annote = {Keywords: local consistency, bounded width, constraint satisfaction problems, polymorphisms, smooth approximations} }

Document

Track B: Automata, Logic, Semantics, and Theory of Programming

**Published in:** LIPIcs, Volume 168, 47th International Colloquium on Automata, Languages, and Programming (ICALP 2020)

We produce a class of ω-categorical structures with finite signature by applying a model-theoretic construction - a refinement of an encoding due to Hrushosvki - to ω-categorical structures in a possibly infinite signature. We show that the encoded structures retain desirable algebraic properties of the original structures, but that the constraint satisfaction problems (CSPs) associated with these structures can be badly behaved in terms of computational complexity. This method allows us to systematically generate ω-categorical templates whose CSPs are complete for a variety of complexity classes of arbitrarily high complexity, and ω-categorical templates that show that membership in any given complexity class cannot be expressed by a set of identities on the polymorphisms. It moreover enables us to prove that recent results about the relevance of topology on polymorphism clones of ω-categorical structures also apply for CSP templates, i.e., structures in a finite language. Finally, we obtain a concrete algebraic criterion which could constitute a description of the delineation between tractability and NP-hardness in the dichotomy conjecture for first-order reducts of finitely bounded homogeneous structures.

Pierre Gillibert, Julius Jonušas, Michael Kompatscher, Antoine Mottet, and Michael Pinsker. Hrushovski’s Encoding and ω-Categorical CSP Monsters. In 47th International Colloquium on Automata, Languages, and Programming (ICALP 2020). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 168, pp. 131:1-131:17, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2020)

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@InProceedings{gillibert_et_al:LIPIcs.ICALP.2020.131, author = {Gillibert, Pierre and Jonu\v{s}as, Julius and Kompatscher, Michael and Mottet, Antoine and Pinsker, Michael}, title = {{Hrushovski’s Encoding and \omega-Categorical CSP Monsters}}, booktitle = {47th International Colloquium on Automata, Languages, and Programming (ICALP 2020)}, pages = {131:1--131:17}, series = {Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)}, ISBN = {978-3-95977-138-2}, ISSN = {1868-8969}, year = {2020}, volume = {168}, editor = {Czumaj, Artur and Dawar, Anuj and Merelli, Emanuela}, publisher = {Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik}, address = {Dagstuhl, Germany}, URL = {https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.ICALP.2020.131}, URN = {urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-125387}, doi = {10.4230/LIPIcs.ICALP.2020.131}, annote = {Keywords: Constraint satisfaction problem, complexity, polymorphism, pointwise convergence topology, height 1 identity, \omega-categoricity, orbit growth} }

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**Published in:** LIPIcs, Volume 55, 43rd International Colloquium on Automata, Languages, and Programming (ICALP 2016)

For n >= 3, let (Hn, E) denote the n-th Henson graph, i.e., the unique countable homogeneous graph with exactly those finite graphs as induced subgraphs that do not embed the complete graph on n vertices. We show that for all structures Gamma with domain Hn whose relations are first-order definable in (Hn, E) the constraint satisfaction problem for Gamma is either in P or is NP-complete.
We moreover show a similar complexity dichotomy for all structures whose relations are first-order definable in a homogeneous graph whose reflexive closure is an equivalence relation.
Together with earlier results, in particular for the random graph, this completes the complexity classification of constraint satisfaction problems of structures first-order definable in countably infinite homogeneous graphs: all such problems are either in P or NP-complete.

Manuel Bodirsky, Barnaby Martin, Michael Pinsker, and András Pongrácz. Constraint Satisfaction Problems for Reducts of Homogeneous Graphs. In 43rd International Colloquium on Automata, Languages, and Programming (ICALP 2016). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 55, pp. 119:1-119:14, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2016)

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@InProceedings{bodirsky_et_al:LIPIcs.ICALP.2016.119, author = {Bodirsky, Manuel and Martin, Barnaby and Pinsker, Michael and Pongr\'{a}cz, Andr\'{a}s}, title = {{Constraint Satisfaction Problems for Reducts of Homogeneous Graphs}}, booktitle = {43rd International Colloquium on Automata, Languages, and Programming (ICALP 2016)}, pages = {119:1--119:14}, series = {Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)}, ISBN = {978-3-95977-013-2}, ISSN = {1868-8969}, year = {2016}, volume = {55}, editor = {Chatzigiannakis, Ioannis and Mitzenmacher, Michael and Rabani, Yuval and Sangiorgi, Davide}, publisher = {Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik}, address = {Dagstuhl, Germany}, URL = {https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.ICALP.2016.119}, URN = {urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-62543}, doi = {10.4230/LIPIcs.ICALP.2016.119}, annote = {Keywords: Constraint Satisfaction, Homogeneous Graphs, Computational Complexity, Universal Algebra, Ramsey Theory} }