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Erasure-Resilient Property Testing

Authors: Kashyap Dixit, Sofya Raskhodnikova, Abhradeep Thakurta, and Nithin Varma

Published in: LIPIcs, Volume 55, 43rd International Colloquium on Automata, Languages, and Programming (ICALP 2016)

Property testers form an important class of sublinear algorithms. In the standard property testing model, an algorithm accesses the input function f:D -> R via an oracle. With very few exceptions, all property testers studied in this model rely on the oracle to provide function values at all queried domain points. However, in many realistic situations, the oracle may be unable to reveal the function values at some domain points due to privacy concerns, or when some of the values get erased by mistake or by an adversary. The testers do not learn anything useful about the property by querying those erased points. Moreover, the knowledge of a tester may enable an adversary to erase some of the values so as to increase the query complexity of the tester arbitrarily or, in some cases, make the tester entirely useless. In this work, we initiate a study of property testers that are resilient to the presence of adversarially erased function values. An alpha-erasure-resilient epsilon-tester is given parameters alpha, epsilon in (0,1), along with oracle access to a function f such that at most an alpha fraction of function values have been erased. The tester does not know whether a value is erased until it queries the corresponding domain point. The tester has to accept with high probability if there is a way to assign values to the erased points such that the resulting function satisfies the desired property P. It has to reject with high probability if, for every assignment of values to the erased points, the resulting function has to be changed in at least an epsilon-fraction of the non-erased domain points to satisfy P. We design erasure-resilient property testers for a large class of properties. For some properties, it is possible to obtain erasure-resilient testers by simply using standard testers as a black box. However, there are more challenging properties for which all known testers rely on querying a specific point. If this point is erased, all these testers break. We give efficient erasure-resilient testers for several important classes of such properties of functions including monotonicity, the Lipschitz property, and convexity. Finally, we show a separation between the standard testing and erasure-resilient testing. Specifically, we describe a property that can be epsilon-tested with O(1/epsilon) queries in the standard model, whereas testing it in the erasure-resilient model requires number of queries polynomial in the input size.

Cite as

Kashyap Dixit, Sofya Raskhodnikova, Abhradeep Thakurta, and Nithin Varma. Erasure-Resilient Property Testing. In 43rd International Colloquium on Automata, Languages, and Programming (ICALP 2016). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 55, pp. 91:1-91:15, Schloss Dagstuhl - Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2016)

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  author =	{Dixit, Kashyap and Raskhodnikova, Sofya and Thakurta, Abhradeep and Varma, Nithin},
  title =	{{Erasure-Resilient Property Testing}},
  booktitle =	{43rd International Colloquium on Automata, Languages, and Programming (ICALP 2016)},
  pages =	{91:1--91:15},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-013-2},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2016},
  volume =	{55},
  editor =	{Chatzigiannakis, Ioannis and Mitzenmacher, Michael and Rabani, Yuval and Sangiorgi, Davide},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.ICALP.2016.91},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-61947},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.ICALP.2016.91},
  annote =	{Keywords: Randomized algorithms, property testing, error correction, monotoneand Lipschitz functions}
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