80 Search Results for "Lu, Pinyan"


Volume

LIPIcs, Volume 149

30th International Symposium on Algorithms and Computation (ISAAC 2019)

ISAAC 2019, December 8-11, 2019, Shanghai University of Finance and Economics, Shanghai, China

Editors: Pinyan Lu and Guochuan Zhang

Document
Improved Algorithms for Online Rent Minimization Problem Under Unit-Size Jobs

Authors: Enze Sun, Zonghan Yang, and Yuhao Zhang

Published in: LIPIcs, Volume 274, 31st Annual European Symposium on Algorithms (ESA 2023)


Abstract
We consider the Online Rent Minimization problem, where online jobs with release times, deadlines, and processing times must be scheduled on machines that can be rented for a fixed length period of T. The objective is to minimize the number of machine rents. This problem generalizes the Online Machine Minimization problem where machines can be rented for an infinite period, and both problems have an asymptotically optimal competitive ratio of O(log(p_max/p_min)) for general processing times, where p_max and p_min are the maximum and minimum processing times respectively. However, for small values of p_max/p_min, a better competitive ratio can be achieved by assuming unit-size jobs. Under this assumption, Devanur et al. (2014) gave an optimal e-competitive algorithm for Online Machine Minimization, and Chen and Zhang (2022) gave a (3e+7) ≈ 15.16-competitive algorithm for Online Rent Minimization. In this paper, we significantly improve the competitive ratio of the Online Rent Minimization problem under unit size to 6, by using a clean oracle-based online algorithm framework.

Cite as

Enze Sun, Zonghan Yang, and Yuhao Zhang. Improved Algorithms for Online Rent Minimization Problem Under Unit-Size Jobs. In 31st Annual European Symposium on Algorithms (ESA 2023). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 274, pp. 97:1-97:14, Schloss Dagstuhl - Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2023)


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@InProceedings{sun_et_al:LIPIcs.ESA.2023.97,
  author =	{Sun, Enze and Yang, Zonghan and Zhang, Yuhao},
  title =	{{Improved Algorithms for Online Rent Minimization Problem Under Unit-Size Jobs}},
  booktitle =	{31st Annual European Symposium on Algorithms (ESA 2023)},
  pages =	{97:1--97:14},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-295-2},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2023},
  volume =	{274},
  editor =	{G{\o}rtz, Inge Li and Farach-Colton, Martin and Puglisi, Simon J. and Herman, Grzegorz},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.ESA.2023.97},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-187500},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.ESA.2023.97},
  annote =	{Keywords: Online Algorithm, Scheduling, Machine Minimization, Rent Minimization}
}
Document
Learning Reserve Prices in Second-Price Auctions

Authors: Yaonan Jin, Pinyan Lu, and Tao Xiao

Published in: LIPIcs, Volume 251, 14th Innovations in Theoretical Computer Science Conference (ITCS 2023)


Abstract
This paper proves the tight sample complexity of Second-Price Auction with Anonymous Reserve, up to a logarithmic factor, for each of all the value distribution families studied in the literature: [0,1]-bounded, [1,H]-bounded, regular, and monotone hazard rate (MHR). Remarkably, the setting-specific tight sample complexity poly(ε^{-1}) depends on the precision ε ∈ (0, 1), but not on the number of bidders n ≥ 1. Further, in the two bounded-support settings, our learning algorithm allows correlated value distributions. In contrast, the tight sample complexity Θ̃(n) ⋅ poly(ε^{-1}) of Myerson Auction proved by Guo, Huang and Zhang (STOC 2019) has a nearly-linear dependence on n ≥ 1, and holds only for independent value distributions in every setting. We follow a similar framework as the Guo-Huang-Zhang work, but replace their information theoretical arguments with a direct proof.

Cite as

Yaonan Jin, Pinyan Lu, and Tao Xiao. Learning Reserve Prices in Second-Price Auctions. In 14th Innovations in Theoretical Computer Science Conference (ITCS 2023). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 251, pp. 75:1-75:24, Schloss Dagstuhl - Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2023)


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@InProceedings{jin_et_al:LIPIcs.ITCS.2023.75,
  author =	{Jin, Yaonan and Lu, Pinyan and Xiao, Tao},
  title =	{{Learning Reserve Prices in Second-Price Auctions}},
  booktitle =	{14th Innovations in Theoretical Computer Science Conference (ITCS 2023)},
  pages =	{75:1--75:24},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-263-1},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2023},
  volume =	{251},
  editor =	{Tauman Kalai, Yael},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.ITCS.2023.75},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-175780},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.ITCS.2023.75},
  annote =	{Keywords: Revenue Maximization, Sample Complexity, Anonymous Reserve}
}
Document
PACE Solver Description
PACE Solver Description: Hust-Solver - A Heuristic Algorithm of Directed Feedback Vertex Set Problem

Authors: YuMing Du, QingYun Zhang, JunZhou Xu, ShunGen Zhang, Chao Liao, ZhiHuai Chen, ZhiBo Sun, ZhouXing Su, JunWen Ding, Chen Wu, PinYan Lu, and ZhiPeng Lv

Published in: LIPIcs, Volume 249, 17th International Symposium on Parameterized and Exact Computation (IPEC 2022)


Abstract
A directed graph is formed by vertices and arcs from one vertex to another. The feedback vertex set problem (FVSP) consists in making a given directed graph acyclic by removing as few vertices as possible. In this write-up, we outline the core techniques used in the heuristic feedback vertex set algorithm, submitted to the heuristic track of the 2022 PACE challenge.

Cite as

YuMing Du, QingYun Zhang, JunZhou Xu, ShunGen Zhang, Chao Liao, ZhiHuai Chen, ZhiBo Sun, ZhouXing Su, JunWen Ding, Chen Wu, PinYan Lu, and ZhiPeng Lv. PACE Solver Description: Hust-Solver - A Heuristic Algorithm of Directed Feedback Vertex Set Problem. In 17th International Symposium on Parameterized and Exact Computation (IPEC 2022). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 249, pp. 29:1-29:3, Schloss Dagstuhl - Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2022)


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@InProceedings{du_et_al:LIPIcs.IPEC.2022.29,
  author =	{Du, YuMing and Zhang, QingYun and Xu, JunZhou and Zhang, ShunGen and Liao, Chao and Chen, ZhiHuai and Sun, ZhiBo and Su, ZhouXing and Ding, JunWen and Wu, Chen and Lu, PinYan and Lv, ZhiPeng},
  title =	{{PACE Solver Description: Hust-Solver - A Heuristic Algorithm of Directed Feedback Vertex Set Problem}},
  booktitle =	{17th International Symposium on Parameterized and Exact Computation (IPEC 2022)},
  pages =	{29:1--29:3},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-260-0},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2022},
  volume =	{249},
  editor =	{Dell, Holger and Nederlof, Jesper},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.IPEC.2022.29},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-173855},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.IPEC.2022.29},
  annote =	{Keywords: directed feedback vertex set, local search, simulated annealing, set covering}
}
Document
Approximability of the Eight-Vertex Model

Authors: Jin-Yi Cai, Tianyu Liu, Pinyan Lu, and Jing Yu

Published in: LIPIcs, Volume 169, 35th Computational Complexity Conference (CCC 2020)


Abstract
We initiate a study of the classification of approximation complexity of the eight-vertex model defined over 4-regular graphs. The eight-vertex model, together with its special case the six-vertex model, is one of the most extensively studied models in statistical physics, and can be stated as a problem of counting weighted orientations in graph theory. Our result concerns the approximability of the partition function on all 4-regular graphs, classified according to the parameters of the model. Our complexity results conform to the phase transition phenomenon from physics. We introduce a quantum decomposition of the eight-vertex model and prove a set of closure properties in various regions of the parameter space. Furthermore, we show that there are extra closure properties on 4-regular planar graphs. These regions of the parameter space are concordant with the phase transition threshold. Using these closure properties, we derive polynomial time approximation algorithms via Markov chain Monte Carlo. We also show that the eight-vertex model is NP-hard to approximate on the other side of the phase transition threshold.

Cite as

Jin-Yi Cai, Tianyu Liu, Pinyan Lu, and Jing Yu. Approximability of the Eight-Vertex Model. In 35th Computational Complexity Conference (CCC 2020). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 169, pp. 4:1-4:18, Schloss Dagstuhl - Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2020)


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@InProceedings{cai_et_al:LIPIcs.CCC.2020.4,
  author =	{Cai, Jin-Yi and Liu, Tianyu and Lu, Pinyan and Yu, Jing},
  title =	{{Approximability of the Eight-Vertex Model}},
  booktitle =	{35th Computational Complexity Conference (CCC 2020)},
  pages =	{4:1--4:18},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-156-6},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2020},
  volume =	{169},
  editor =	{Saraf, Shubhangi},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.CCC.2020.4},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-125564},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.CCC.2020.4},
  annote =	{Keywords: Approximate complexity, the eight-vertex model, Markov chain Monte Carlo}
}
Document
Complete Volume
LIPIcs, Volume 149, ISAAC'19, Complete Volume

Authors: Pinyan Lu and Guochuan Zhang

Published in: LIPIcs, Volume 149, 30th International Symposium on Algorithms and Computation (ISAAC 2019)


Abstract
LIPIcs, Volume 149, ISAAC'19, Complete Volume

Cite as

Pinyan Lu and Guochuan Zhang. LIPIcs, Volume 149, ISAAC'19, Complete Volume. In 30th International Symposium on Algorithms and Computation (ISAAC 2019). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 149, Schloss Dagstuhl - Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2019)


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@Proceedings{lu_et_al:LIPIcs.ISAAC.2019,
  title =	{{LIPIcs, Volume 149, ISAAC'19, Complete Volume}},
  booktitle =	{30th International Symposium on Algorithms and Computation (ISAAC 2019)},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-130-6},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2019},
  volume =	{149},
  editor =	{Lu, Pinyan and Zhang, Guochuan},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.ISAAC.2019},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-116417},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.ISAAC.2019},
  annote =	{Keywords: Theory of computation; Models of computation; Computational complexity and cryptography; Randomness, geometry and discrete structures; Theory and algorithms for application domains; Design and analysis of algorithms}
}
Document
Front Matter
Front Matter, Table of Contents, Preface, Symposium Organization

Authors: Pinyan Lu and Guochuan Zhang

Published in: LIPIcs, Volume 149, 30th International Symposium on Algorithms and Computation (ISAAC 2019)


Abstract
Front Matter, Table of Contents, Preface, Symposium Organization

Cite as

Pinyan Lu and Guochuan Zhang. Front Matter, Table of Contents, Preface, Symposium Organization. In 30th International Symposium on Algorithms and Computation (ISAAC 2019). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 149, pp. 0:i-0:xvi, Schloss Dagstuhl - Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2019)


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@InProceedings{lu_et_al:LIPIcs.ISAAC.2019.0,
  author =	{Lu, Pinyan and Zhang, Guochuan},
  title =	{{Front Matter, Table of Contents, Preface, Symposium Organization}},
  booktitle =	{30th International Symposium on Algorithms and Computation (ISAAC 2019)},
  pages =	{0:i--0:xvi},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-130-6},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2019},
  volume =	{149},
  editor =	{Lu, Pinyan and Zhang, Guochuan},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.ISAAC.2019.0},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-114967},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.ISAAC.2019.0},
  annote =	{Keywords: Front Matter, Table of Contents, Preface, Symposium Organization}
}
Document
Graph Searches and Their End Vertices

Authors: Yixin Cao, Zhifeng Wang, Guozhen Rong, and Jianxin Wang

Published in: LIPIcs, Volume 149, 30th International Symposium on Algorithms and Computation (ISAAC 2019)


Abstract
Graph search, the process of visiting vertices in a graph in a specific order, has demonstrated magical powers in many important algorithms. But a systematic study was only initiated by Corneil et al. a decade ago, and only by then we started to realize how little we understand it. Even the apparently naïve question "which vertex can be the last visited by a graph search algorithm," known as the end vertex problem, turns out to be quite elusive. We give a full picture of all maximum cardinality searches on chordal graphs, which implies a polynomial-time algorithm for the end vertex problem of maximum cardinality search. It is complemented by a proof of NP-completeness of the same problem on weakly chordal graphs. We also show linear-time algorithms for deciding end vertices of breadth-first searches on interval graphs, and end vertices of lexicographic depth-first searches on chordal graphs. Finally, we present 2^n * n^O(1)-time algorithms for deciding the end vertices of breadth-first searches, depth-first searches, and maximum cardinality searches on general graphs.

Cite as

Yixin Cao, Zhifeng Wang, Guozhen Rong, and Jianxin Wang. Graph Searches and Their End Vertices. In 30th International Symposium on Algorithms and Computation (ISAAC 2019). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 149, pp. 1:1-1:18, Schloss Dagstuhl - Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2019)


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@InProceedings{cao_et_al:LIPIcs.ISAAC.2019.1,
  author =	{Cao, Yixin and Wang, Zhifeng and Rong, Guozhen and Wang, Jianxin},
  title =	{{Graph Searches and Their End Vertices}},
  booktitle =	{30th International Symposium on Algorithms and Computation (ISAAC 2019)},
  pages =	{1:1--1:18},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-130-6},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2019},
  volume =	{149},
  editor =	{Lu, Pinyan and Zhang, Guochuan},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.ISAAC.2019.1},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-114973},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.ISAAC.2019.1},
  annote =	{Keywords: maximum cardinality search, (lexicographic) breadth-first search, (lexicographic) depth-first search, chordal graph, weighted clique graph, end vertex}
}
Document
Lower Bound for Non-Adaptive Estimation of the Number of Defective Items

Authors: Nader H. Bshouty

Published in: LIPIcs, Volume 149, 30th International Symposium on Algorithms and Computation (ISAAC 2019)


Abstract
We prove that to estimate within a constant factor the number of defective items in a non-adaptive randomized group testing algorithm we need at least Omega~(log n) tests. This solves the open problem posed by Damaschke and Sheikh Muhammad in [Peter Damaschke and Azam Sheikh Muhammad, 2010; Peter Damaschke and Azam Sheikh Muhammad, 2010].

Cite as

Nader H. Bshouty. Lower Bound for Non-Adaptive Estimation of the Number of Defective Items. In 30th International Symposium on Algorithms and Computation (ISAAC 2019). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 149, pp. 2:1-2:9, Schloss Dagstuhl - Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2019)


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@InProceedings{bshouty:LIPIcs.ISAAC.2019.2,
  author =	{Bshouty, Nader H.},
  title =	{{Lower Bound for Non-Adaptive Estimation of the Number of Defective Items}},
  booktitle =	{30th International Symposium on Algorithms and Computation (ISAAC 2019)},
  pages =	{2:1--2:9},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-130-6},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2019},
  volume =	{149},
  editor =	{Lu, Pinyan and Zhang, Guochuan},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.ISAAC.2019.2},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-114983},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.ISAAC.2019.2},
  annote =	{Keywords: Group Testing, Estimation, Defective Items}
}
Document
A Polynomial-Delay Algorithm for Enumerating Connectors Under Various Connectivity Conditions

Authors: Kazuya Haraguchi and Hiroshi Nagamochi

Published in: LIPIcs, Volume 149, 30th International Symposium on Algorithms and Computation (ISAAC 2019)


Abstract
We are given an instance (G,I,sigma) with a graph G=(V,E), a set I of items, and a function sigma:V -> 2^I. For a subset X of V, let G[X] denote the subgraph induced from G by X, and I_sigma(X) denote the common item set over X. A subset X of V such that G[X] is connected is called a connector if, for any vertex v in V\X, G[X cup {v}] is not connected or I_sigma(X cup {v}) is a proper subset of I_sigma(X). In this paper, we present the first polynomial-delay algorithm for enumerating all connectors. For this, we first extend the problem of enumerating connectors to a general setting so that the connectivity condition on X in G can be specified in a more flexible way. We next design a new algorithm for enumerating all solutions in the general setting, which leads to a polynomial-delay algorithm for enumerating all connectors for several connectivity conditions on X in G, such as the biconnectivity of G[X] or the k-edge-connectivity among vertices in X in G.

Cite as

Kazuya Haraguchi and Hiroshi Nagamochi. A Polynomial-Delay Algorithm for Enumerating Connectors Under Various Connectivity Conditions. In 30th International Symposium on Algorithms and Computation (ISAAC 2019). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 149, pp. 3:1-3:15, Schloss Dagstuhl - Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2019)


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@InProceedings{haraguchi_et_al:LIPIcs.ISAAC.2019.3,
  author =	{Haraguchi, Kazuya and Nagamochi, Hiroshi},
  title =	{{A Polynomial-Delay Algorithm for Enumerating Connectors Under Various Connectivity Conditions}},
  booktitle =	{30th International Symposium on Algorithms and Computation (ISAAC 2019)},
  pages =	{3:1--3:15},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-130-6},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2019},
  volume =	{149},
  editor =	{Lu, Pinyan and Zhang, Guochuan},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.ISAAC.2019.3},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-114990},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.ISAAC.2019.3},
  annote =	{Keywords: Graph with itemsets, Enumeration, Polynomial-delay algorithms, Connectors}
}
Document
Top Tree Compression of Tries

Authors: Philip Bille, Paweł Gawrychowski, Inge Li Gørtz, Gad M. Landau, and Oren Weimann

Published in: LIPIcs, Volume 149, 30th International Symposium on Algorithms and Computation (ISAAC 2019)


Abstract
We present a compressed representation of tries based on top tree compression [ICALP 2013] that works on a standard, comparison-based, pointer machine model of computation and supports efficient prefix search queries. Namely, we show how to preprocess a set of strings of total length n over an alphabet of size sigma into a compressed data structure of worst-case optimal size O(n/log_sigma n) that given a pattern string P of length m determines if P is a prefix of one of the strings in time O(min(m log sigma,m + log n)). We show that this query time is in fact optimal regardless of the size of the data structure. Existing solutions either use Omega(n) space or rely on word RAM techniques, such as tabulation, hashing, address arithmetic, or word-level parallelism, and hence do not work on a pointer machine. Our result is the first solution on a pointer machine that achieves worst-case o(n) space. Along the way, we develop several interesting data structures that work on a pointer machine and are of independent interest. These include an optimal data structures for random access to a grammar-compressed string and an optimal data structure for a variant of the level ancestor problem.

Cite as

Philip Bille, Paweł Gawrychowski, Inge Li Gørtz, Gad M. Landau, and Oren Weimann. Top Tree Compression of Tries. In 30th International Symposium on Algorithms and Computation (ISAAC 2019). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 149, pp. 4:1-4:18, Schloss Dagstuhl - Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2019)


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@InProceedings{bille_et_al:LIPIcs.ISAAC.2019.4,
  author =	{Bille, Philip and Gawrychowski, Pawe{\l} and G{\o}rtz, Inge Li and Landau, Gad M. and Weimann, Oren},
  title =	{{Top Tree Compression of Tries}},
  booktitle =	{30th International Symposium on Algorithms and Computation (ISAAC 2019)},
  pages =	{4:1--4:18},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-130-6},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2019},
  volume =	{149},
  editor =	{Lu, Pinyan and Zhang, Guochuan},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.ISAAC.2019.4},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-115000},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.ISAAC.2019.4},
  annote =	{Keywords: pattern matching, tree compression, top trees, pointer machine}
}
Document
Two Phase Transitions in Two-Way Bootstrap Percolation

Authors: Ahad N. Zehmakan

Published in: LIPIcs, Volume 149, 30th International Symposium on Algorithms and Computation (ISAAC 2019)


Abstract
Consider a graph G and an initial random configuration, where each node is black with probability p and white otherwise, independently. In discrete-time rounds, each node becomes black if it has at least r black neighbors and white otherwise. We prove that this basic process exhibits a threshold behavior with two phase transitions when the underlying graph is a d-dimensional torus and identify the threshold values.

Cite as

Ahad N. Zehmakan. Two Phase Transitions in Two-Way Bootstrap Percolation. In 30th International Symposium on Algorithms and Computation (ISAAC 2019). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 149, pp. 5:1-5:21, Schloss Dagstuhl - Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2019)


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@InProceedings{zehmakan:LIPIcs.ISAAC.2019.5,
  author =	{Zehmakan, Ahad N.},
  title =	{{Two Phase Transitions in Two-Way Bootstrap Percolation}},
  booktitle =	{30th International Symposium on Algorithms and Computation (ISAAC 2019)},
  pages =	{5:1--5:21},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-130-6},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2019},
  volume =	{149},
  editor =	{Lu, Pinyan and Zhang, Guochuan},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.ISAAC.2019.5},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-115017},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.ISAAC.2019.5},
  annote =	{Keywords: bootstrap percolation, cellular automata, phase transition, d-dimensional torus, r-threshold model, biased majority}
}
Document
Sliding Window Property Testing for Regular Languages

Authors: Moses Ganardi, Danny Hucke, Markus Lohrey, and Tatiana Starikovskaya

Published in: LIPIcs, Volume 149, 30th International Symposium on Algorithms and Computation (ISAAC 2019)


Abstract
We study the problem of recognizing regular languages in a variant of the streaming model of computation, called the sliding window model. In this model, we are given a size of the sliding window n and a stream of symbols. At each time instant, we must decide whether the suffix of length n of the current stream ("the active window") belongs to a given regular language. Recent works [Moses Ganardi et al., 2018; Moses Ganardi et al., 2016] showed that the space complexity of an optimal deterministic sliding window algorithm for this problem is either constant, logarithmic or linear in the window size n and provided natural language theoretic characterizations of the space complexity classes. Subsequently, [Moses Ganardi et al., 2018] extended this result to randomized algorithms to show that any such algorithm admits either constant, double logarithmic, logarithmic or linear space complexity. In this work, we make an important step forward and combine the sliding window model with the property testing setting, which results in ultra-efficient algorithms for all regular languages. Informally, a sliding window property tester must accept the active window if it belongs to the language and reject it if it is far from the language. We show that for every regular language, there is a deterministic sliding window property tester that uses logarithmic space and a randomized sliding window property tester with two-sided error that uses constant space.

Cite as

Moses Ganardi, Danny Hucke, Markus Lohrey, and Tatiana Starikovskaya. Sliding Window Property Testing for Regular Languages. In 30th International Symposium on Algorithms and Computation (ISAAC 2019). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 149, pp. 6:1-6:13, Schloss Dagstuhl - Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2019)


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@InProceedings{ganardi_et_al:LIPIcs.ISAAC.2019.6,
  author =	{Ganardi, Moses and Hucke, Danny and Lohrey, Markus and Starikovskaya, Tatiana},
  title =	{{Sliding Window Property Testing for Regular Languages}},
  booktitle =	{30th International Symposium on Algorithms and Computation (ISAAC 2019)},
  pages =	{6:1--6:13},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-130-6},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2019},
  volume =	{149},
  editor =	{Lu, Pinyan and Zhang, Guochuan},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.ISAAC.2019.6},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-115023},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.ISAAC.2019.6},
  annote =	{Keywords: Streaming algorithms, approximation algorithms, regular languages}
}
Document
On the Hardness of Set Disjointness and Set Intersection with Bounded Universe

Authors: Isaac Goldstein, Moshe Lewenstein, and Ely Porat

Published in: LIPIcs, Volume 149, 30th International Symposium on Algorithms and Computation (ISAAC 2019)


Abstract
In the SetDisjointness problem, a collection of m sets S_1,S_2,...,S_m from some universe U is preprocessed in order to answer queries on the emptiness of the intersection of some two query sets from the collection. In the SetIntersection variant, all the elements in the intersection of the query sets are required to be reported. These are two fundamental problems that were considered in several papers from both the upper bound and lower bound perspective. Several conditional lower bounds for these problems were proven for the tradeoff between preprocessing and query time or the tradeoff between space and query time. Moreover, there are several unconditional hardness results for these problems in some specific computational models. The fundamental nature of the SetDisjointness and SetIntersection problems makes them useful for proving the conditional hardness of other problems from various areas. However, the universe of the elements in the sets may be very large, which may cause the reduction to some other problems to be inefficient and therefore it is not useful for proving their conditional hardness. In this paper, we prove the conditional hardness of SetDisjointness and SetIntersection with bounded universe. This conditional hardness is shown for both the interplay between preprocessing and query time and the interplay between space and query time. Moreover, we present several applications of these new conditional lower bounds. These applications demonstrates the strength of our new conditional lower bounds as they exploit the limited universe size. We believe that this new framework of conditional lower bounds with bounded universe can be useful for further significant applications.

Cite as

Isaac Goldstein, Moshe Lewenstein, and Ely Porat. On the Hardness of Set Disjointness and Set Intersection with Bounded Universe. In 30th International Symposium on Algorithms and Computation (ISAAC 2019). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 149, pp. 7:1-7:22, Schloss Dagstuhl - Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2019)


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@InProceedings{goldstein_et_al:LIPIcs.ISAAC.2019.7,
  author =	{Goldstein, Isaac and Lewenstein, Moshe and Porat, Ely},
  title =	{{On the Hardness of Set Disjointness and Set Intersection with Bounded Universe}},
  booktitle =	{30th International Symposium on Algorithms and Computation (ISAAC 2019)},
  pages =	{7:1--7:22},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-130-6},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2019},
  volume =	{149},
  editor =	{Lu, Pinyan and Zhang, Guochuan},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.ISAAC.2019.7},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-115036},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.ISAAC.2019.7},
  annote =	{Keywords: set disjointness, set intersection, 3SUM, space-time tradeoff, conditional lower bounds}
}
Document
Gathering and Election by Mobile Robots in a Continuous Cycle

Authors: Paola Flocchini, Ryan Killick, Evangelos Kranakis, Nicola Santoro, and Masafumi Yamashita

Published in: LIPIcs, Volume 149, 30th International Symposium on Algorithms and Computation (ISAAC 2019)


Abstract
Consider a set of n mobile computational entities, called robots, located and operating on a continuous cycle C (e.g., the perimeter of a closed region of R^2) of arbitrary length l. The robots are identical, can only see their current location, have no location awareness, and cannot communicate at a distance. In this weak setting, we study the classical problems of gathering (GATHER), requiring all robots to meet at a same location; and election (ELECT), requiring all robots to agree on a single one as the "leader". We investigate how to solve the problems depending on the amount of knowledge (exact, upper bound, none) the robots have about their number n and about the length of the cycle l. Cost of the algorithms is analyzed with respect to time and number of random bits. We establish a variety of new results specific to the continuous cycle - a geometric domain never explored before for GATHER and ELECT in a mobile robot setting; compare Monte Carlo and Las Vegas algorithms; and obtain several optimal bounds.

Cite as

Paola Flocchini, Ryan Killick, Evangelos Kranakis, Nicola Santoro, and Masafumi Yamashita. Gathering and Election by Mobile Robots in a Continuous Cycle. In 30th International Symposium on Algorithms and Computation (ISAAC 2019). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 149, pp. 8:1-8:19, Schloss Dagstuhl - Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2019)


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@InProceedings{flocchini_et_al:LIPIcs.ISAAC.2019.8,
  author =	{Flocchini, Paola and Killick, Ryan and Kranakis, Evangelos and Santoro, Nicola and Yamashita, Masafumi},
  title =	{{Gathering and Election by Mobile Robots in a Continuous Cycle}},
  booktitle =	{30th International Symposium on Algorithms and Computation (ISAAC 2019)},
  pages =	{8:1--8:19},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-130-6},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2019},
  volume =	{149},
  editor =	{Lu, Pinyan and Zhang, Guochuan},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.ISAAC.2019.8},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-115044},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.ISAAC.2019.8},
  annote =	{Keywords: Cycle, Election, Gathering, Las Vegas, Monte Carlo, Randomized Algorithm}
}
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