5 Search Results for "Meunier, Pierre-Étienne"


Document
ENSnano: A 3D Modeling Software for DNA Nanostructures

Authors: Nicolas Levy and Nicolas Schabanel

Published in: LIPIcs, Volume 205, 27th International Conference on DNA Computing and Molecular Programming (DNA 27) (2021)


Abstract
Since the 1990s, increasingly complex nanostructures have been reliably obtained out of self-assembled DNA strands: from "simple" 2D shapes to 3D gears and articulated nano-objects, and even computing structures. The success of the assembly of these structures relies on a fine tuning of their structure to match the peculiar geometry of DNA helices. Various softwares have been developed to help the designer. These softwares provide essentially four kind of tools: an abstract representation of DNA helices (e.g. cadnano, scadnano, DNApen, 3DNA, Hex-tiles); a 3D view of the design (e.g., vHelix, Adenita, oxDNAviewer); fully automated design (e.g., BScOR, Daedalus, Perdix, Talos, Athena), generally dedicated to a specific kind of design, such as wireframe origami; and coarse grain or thermodynamical physics simulations (e.g., oxDNA, MrDNA, SNUPI, Nupack, ViennaRNA,...). MagicDNA combines some of these approaches to ease the design of configurable DNA origamis. We present our first step in the direction of conciliating all these different approaches and purposes into one single reliable GUI solution: the first fully usable version (design from scratch to export) of our general purpose 3D DNA nanostructure design software ENSnano. We believe that its intuitive, swift and yet powerful graphical interface, combining 2D and 3D editable views, allows fast and precise editing of DNA nanostructures. It also handles editing of large 2D/3D structures smoothly, and imports from the most common solutions. Our software extends the concept of grids introduced in cadnano. Grids allow to abstract and articulated the different parts of a design. ENSnano also provides new design tools which speeds up considerably the design of complex large 3D structures, most notably: a 2D split view, which allows to edit intricate 3D structures which cannot easily be mapped in a 2D view, and a copy, paste & repeat functionality, which takes advantage of the grids to design swiftly large repetitive chunks of a structure. ENSnano has been validated experimentally, as proven by the AFM images of a DNA origami entirely designed in ENSnano. ENSnano is a light-weight ready-to-run independent single-file app, running seamlessly in most of the operating systems (Windows 10, MacOS 10.13+ and Linux). Precompiled versions for Windows and MacOS are ready to download on ENSnano website. As of writing this paper, our software is being actively developed to extend its capacities in various directions discussed in this article. Still, its 3D and 2D editing interface is already meeting our usability goals. Because of its stability and ease of use, we believe that ENSnano could already be integrated in anyone’s design chain, when precise editing of a larger nanostructure is needed.

Cite as

Nicolas Levy and Nicolas Schabanel. ENSnano: A 3D Modeling Software for DNA Nanostructures. In 27th International Conference on DNA Computing and Molecular Programming (DNA 27). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 205, pp. 5:1-5:23, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2021)


Copy BibTex To Clipboard

@InProceedings{levy_et_al:LIPIcs.DNA.27.5,
  author =	{Levy, Nicolas and Schabanel, Nicolas},
  title =	{{ENSnano: A 3D Modeling Software for DNA Nanostructures}},
  booktitle =	{27th International Conference on DNA Computing and Molecular Programming (DNA 27)},
  pages =	{5:1--5:23},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-205-1},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2021},
  volume =	{205},
  editor =	{Lakin, Matthew R. and \v{S}ulc, Petr},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.DNA.27.5},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-146722},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.DNA.27.5},
  annote =	{Keywords: Software, DNA nanostructure, Molecular design, molecular self-assembly}
}
Document
Directed Non-Cooperative Tile Assembly Is Decidable

Authors: Pierre-Étienne Meunier and Damien Regnault

Published in: LIPIcs, Volume 205, 27th International Conference on DNA Computing and Molecular Programming (DNA 27) (2021)


Abstract
We provide a complete characterisation of all final states of a model called directed non-cooperative tile self-assembly, also called directed temperature 1 tile assembly, which proves that this model cannot possibly perform Turing computation. This model is a deterministic version of the more general undirected model, whose computational power is still open. Our result uses recent results in the domain, and solves a conjecture formalised in 2011. We believe that this is a major step towards understanding the full model. Temperature 1 tile assembly can be seen as a two-dimensional extension of finite automata, where geometry provides a form of memory and synchronisation, yet the full power of these "geometric blockings" was still largely unknown until recently (note that nontrivial algorithms which are able to build larger structures than the naive constructions have been found).

Cite as

Pierre-Étienne Meunier and Damien Regnault. Directed Non-Cooperative Tile Assembly Is Decidable. In 27th International Conference on DNA Computing and Molecular Programming (DNA 27). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 205, pp. 6:1-6:21, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2021)


Copy BibTex To Clipboard

@InProceedings{meunier_et_al:LIPIcs.DNA.27.6,
  author =	{Meunier, Pierre-\'{E}tienne and Regnault, Damien},
  title =	{{Directed Non-Cooperative Tile Assembly Is Decidable}},
  booktitle =	{27th International Conference on DNA Computing and Molecular Programming (DNA 27)},
  pages =	{6:1--6:21},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-205-1},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2021},
  volume =	{205},
  editor =	{Lakin, Matthew R. and \v{S}ulc, Petr},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.DNA.27.6},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-146735},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.DNA.27.6},
  annote =	{Keywords: Self-assembly, Molecular Computing, Models of Computation, Computational Geometry}
}
Document
scadnano: A Browser-Based, Scriptable Tool for Designing DNA Nanostructures

Authors: David Doty, Benjamin L Lee, and Tristan Stérin

Published in: LIPIcs, Volume 174, 26th International Conference on DNA Computing and Molecular Programming (DNA 26) (2020)


Abstract
We introduce scadnano (short for "scriptable cadnano"), a computational tool for designing synthetic DNA structures. Its design is based heavily on cadnano [Douglas et al., 2009], the most widely-used software for designing DNA origami [Paul W. K. Rothemund, 2006], with three main differences: 1) scadnano runs entirely in the browser, with no software installation required. 2) scadnano designs, while they can be edited manually, can also be created and edited by a well-documented Python scripting library, to help automate tedious tasks. 3) The scadnano file format is easily human-readable. This goal is closely aligned with the scripting library, intended to be helpful when debugging scripts or interfacing with other software. The format is also somewhat more expressive than that of cadnano, able to describe a broader range of DNA structures than just DNA origami.

Cite as

David Doty, Benjamin L Lee, and Tristan Stérin. scadnano: A Browser-Based, Scriptable Tool for Designing DNA Nanostructures. In 26th International Conference on DNA Computing and Molecular Programming (DNA 26). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 174, pp. 9:1-9:17, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2020)


Copy BibTex To Clipboard

@InProceedings{doty_et_al:LIPIcs.DNA.2020.9,
  author =	{Doty, David and Lee, Benjamin L and St\'{e}rin, Tristan},
  title =	{{scadnano: A Browser-Based, Scriptable Tool for Designing DNA Nanostructures}},
  booktitle =	{26th International Conference on DNA Computing and Molecular Programming (DNA 26)},
  pages =	{9:1--9:17},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-163-4},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2020},
  volume =	{174},
  editor =	{Geary, Cody and Patitz, Matthew J.},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.DNA.2020.9},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-129624},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.DNA.2020.9},
  annote =	{Keywords: computer-aided design, structural DNA nanotechnology, DNA origami}
}
Document
Proving the Turing Universality of Oritatami Co-Transcriptional Folding

Authors: Cody Geary, Pierre-Étienne Meunier, Nicolas Schabanel, and Shinnosuke Seki

Published in: LIPIcs, Volume 123, 29th International Symposium on Algorithms and Computation (ISAAC 2018)


Abstract
We study the oritatami model for molecular co-transcriptional folding. In oritatami systems, the transcript (the "molecule") folds as it is synthesized (transcribed), according to a local energy optimisation process, which is similar to how actual biomolecules such as RNA fold into complex shapes and functions as they are transcribed. We prove that there is an oritatami system embedding universal computation in the folding process itself. Our result relies on the development of a generic toolbox, which is easily reusable for future work to design complex functions in oritatami systems. We develop "low-level" tools that allow to easily spread apart the encoding of different "functions" in the transcript, even if they are required to be applied at the same geometrical location in the folding. We build upon these low-level tools, a programming framework with increasing levels of abstraction, from encoding of instructions into the transcript to logical analysis. This framework is similar to the hardware-to-algorithm levels of abstractions in standard algorithm theory. These various levels of abstractions allow to separate the proof of correctness of the global behavior of our system, from the proof of correctness of its implementation. Thanks to this framework, we were able to computerise the proof of correctness of its implementation and produce certificates, in the form of a relatively small number of proof trees, compact and easily readable/checkable by human, while encapsulating huge case enumerations. We believe this particular type of certificates can be generalised to other discrete dynamical systems, where proofs involve large case enumerations as well.

Cite as

Cody Geary, Pierre-Étienne Meunier, Nicolas Schabanel, and Shinnosuke Seki. Proving the Turing Universality of Oritatami Co-Transcriptional Folding. In 29th International Symposium on Algorithms and Computation (ISAAC 2018). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 123, pp. 23:1-23:13, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2018)


Copy BibTex To Clipboard

@InProceedings{geary_et_al:LIPIcs.ISAAC.2018.23,
  author =	{Geary, Cody and Meunier, Pierre-\'{E}tienne and Schabanel, Nicolas and Seki, Shinnosuke},
  title =	{{Proving the Turing Universality of Oritatami Co-Transcriptional Folding}},
  booktitle =	{29th International Symposium on Algorithms and Computation (ISAAC 2018)},
  pages =	{23:1--23:13},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-094-1},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2018},
  volume =	{123},
  editor =	{Hsu, Wen-Lian and Lee, Der-Tsai and Liao, Chung-Shou},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.ISAAC.2018.23},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-99715},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.ISAAC.2018.23},
  annote =	{Keywords: Molecular computing, Turing universality, co-transcriptional folding}
}
Document
Programming Biomolecules That Fold Greedily During Transcription

Authors: Cody Geary, Pierre-Etienne Meunier, Nicolas Schabanel, and Shinnosuke Seki

Published in: LIPIcs, Volume 58, 41st International Symposium on Mathematical Foundations of Computer Science (MFCS 2016)


Abstract
We introduce and study the computational power of Oritatami, a theoretical model to explore greedy molecular folding, by which a molecule begins to fold before awaiting the end of its production. This model is inspired by a recent experimental work demonstrating the construction of shapes at the nanoscale by folding an RNA molecule during its transcription from an engineered sequence of synthetic DNA. An important challenge of this model, also encountered in experiments, is to get a single sequence to fold into different shapes, depending on the surrounding molecules. Another big challenge is that not all parts of the sequence are meaningful for all possible inputs. Hence, to prevent them from interfering with subsequent operations in the Oritatami folding pathway we must structure the unused portions of the sequence depending on the context in which it folds. Next, we introduce general design techniques to solve these challenges and program molecules. Our main result in this direction is an algorithm that is time linear in the sequence length that finds a rule for folding the sequence deterministically into a prescribed set of shapes, dependent on its local environment. This shows that the corresponding problem is fixed-parameter tractable, although we also prove it NP-complete in the number of possible environments.

Cite as

Cody Geary, Pierre-Etienne Meunier, Nicolas Schabanel, and Shinnosuke Seki. Programming Biomolecules That Fold Greedily During Transcription. In 41st International Symposium on Mathematical Foundations of Computer Science (MFCS 2016). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 58, pp. 43:1-43:14, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2016)


Copy BibTex To Clipboard

@InProceedings{geary_et_al:LIPIcs.MFCS.2016.43,
  author =	{Geary, Cody and Meunier, Pierre-Etienne and Schabanel, Nicolas and Seki, Shinnosuke},
  title =	{{Programming Biomolecules That Fold Greedily During Transcription}},
  booktitle =	{41st International Symposium on Mathematical Foundations of Computer Science (MFCS 2016)},
  pages =	{43:1--43:14},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-016-3},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2016},
  volume =	{58},
  editor =	{Faliszewski, Piotr and Muscholl, Anca and Niedermeier, Rolf},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.MFCS.2016.43},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-64567},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.MFCS.2016.43},
  annote =	{Keywords: natural computing, self-assembly, molecular folding}
}
  • Refine by Author
  • 3 Schabanel, Nicolas
  • 2 Geary, Cody
  • 2 Meunier, Pierre-Étienne
  • 2 Seki, Shinnosuke
  • 1 Doty, David
  • Show More...

  • Refine by Classification
  • 2 Theory of computation → Models of computation
  • 1 Applied computing → Computer-aided design
  • 1 Applied computing → Life and medical sciences
  • 1 Applied computing → Molecular structural biology
  • 1 Computer systems organization → Molecular computing
  • Show More...

  • Refine by Keyword
  • 1 Computational Geometry
  • 1 DNA nanostructure
  • 1 DNA origami
  • 1 Models of Computation
  • 1 Molecular Computing
  • Show More...

  • Refine by Type
  • 5 document

  • Refine by Publication Year
  • 2 2021
  • 1 2016
  • 1 2018
  • 1 2020

Questions / Remarks / Feedback
X

Feedback for Dagstuhl Publishing


Thanks for your feedback!

Feedback submitted

Could not send message

Please try again later or send an E-mail